The city is known for the famous Pauline monastery of Jasna Góra, which is the home of the Black Madonna painting, a shrine to the Virgin Mary.
The name of Częstochowa means Częstoch’s place and comes from a personal name of Częstoch mentioned in the medieval documents also as Częstobor and Częstomir.
The first Slavic settlement in the location of Częstochowa was established in the late 11th century. It was first mentioned in historical documents from 1220 when Bishop of Kraków Iwo Odrowąż made a list of properties of the Mstów monastery.
Częstochowa is a city in southern Poland on the Warta River
The population of Częstochow is 510,139, as of 2019.
There are about 26,000 companies registered in Częstochowa.
Częstochowa is an important industrial city with textile mills, chemical processing, glass and paper manufacturing, and food processing.
In 1377, Częstochowa was given city rights. In the same year, a document confirms the foundation of the first ironworks in the city.
Częstochowa is a city with powiat rights.
Częstochowa is twinned with: Bethlehem, Palestine; Irkutsk, Russia; Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine; Loreto, Italy; Lourdes, France; Nazareth, Israel; Ourém, Portugal; Pforzheim, Germany; Rēzekne, Latvia; Šiauliai, Lithuania; South Bend, United States; Styria, Austria & Zapopan, Mexico