In the year 1077, archbishop Gebhard had the fortress built.
The original purpose of the fortress was to protect the principality and the archbishops from hostile attacks. In all of these years, it has never been captured by foreign troops.
Fortress Hohensalzburg sits atop the Festungsberg, a small hill in the Austrian city of Salzburg.
Hohensalzburg Fortress is situated at an altitude of 506 m.
Hohensalzburg one of the largest medieval castles in Europe.
The only time that the fortress actually came under siege was during the German Peasants’ War in 1525, when a group of miners, farmers, and townspeople tried to oust Prince-Archbishop Matthäus Lang but failed to take the fortress.
The fortress’ symbol, the lion, holds the beetroot in its paws. One of the last extensive modifications was the addition of the great Kuenberg bastion.