The term Scottish Borders is also used to designate the areas of southern Scotland and northern England that bound the Anglo-Scottish border.
The Borders boasts four magnificent ruined Medieval abbeys which date back to the 12th century: Jedburgh, Melrose, Kelso, and Dryburgh.
The Scottish Borders is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the City of Edinburgh, Dumfries and Galloway, East Lothian, Midlothian, South Lanarkshire, West Lothian, and, to the south-west, south, and east, the English counties of Cumbria and Northumberland.
The famous Rugby Sevens game was invented in the Borders town of Melrose in the 1880s.
The largest towns near the borders of the Anglo-Scottish border: Galashiels, Hawick, Peebles, Selkirk & Kelso.
The term Borders also has a wider meaning, referring to all of the counties adjoining the English border, also including Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire – as well as Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland in England.
Every year the region plays host to the world’s oldest and largest equestrian festival: The Common Ridings.
The Scottish Borders also have some fabulous Roman remains which date back to their failed attempt to conquer Scotland.
The region also has no commercial airports; the nearest is Edinburgh, Scotland, and Newcastle, England both of which are international airports.
The Siege of Roxburgh Castle, in 1313, was the first major conflict in the First War of Scottish Independence.
The population of all counties and unitary districts in South East England. Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district.
The country might be small but it holds a lot of history, fame and culture, don’t be surprised that the British accent changes every 16 miles. People who come over to the United Kingdom can find it hard to learn the quirks and idiosyncrasies and pronunciations, road rules and the drinking culture can be strange but its a lovely nation with lots of history to explore.
The United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is also the site of Neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge and birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles.
Your passport or identity card will be checked when you arrive at a UK port or airport to make sure you’re allowed to come into the country. It must be valid for the whole of your stay. More Information can be found at the UK Government website.
Visiting the United Kingdom is fairly safe and really nothing to worry about. The United Kingdom benefits from low crime rates and very effective emergency services.
Visiting any public spaces, you will find a lot of CCTV cameras overlooking the public and if any crime did happen, you could easily report it to the police with no hassle and health care is free so no need to worry about injuring yourself.
Just use your common sense when visiting any country and respect the cultural and keep your belonging to yourself.
Best Time to visit the United Kingdom
London is most heavily touristed in the late spring and summer months when the weather is warm and kids are off school and during the December rush of shopping and seasonal activities. London can be visited at any time of year, as it has a mild climate and extreme weather is rare.
Northern Ireland has relatively warm temperatures, but wet and windy conditions. In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°- 18°C. Temperatures are highest between June and August and pleasant in April and September.
England boasts the warmest temperatures in the United Kingdom with July and August being the hottest months. summers rarely get very hot and the winters don’t get very cold, expect the weather to be between 11°-20° degrees on average.
Wales weather is similar to Northern Ireland, In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°C-17°C and 2°C-6°C during winter.
Scotland weather during June and August in the south of Scotland average between 11°-19°C and in the winter it’s between 1°C-7°C.
The United Kingdom has a number of languages, English is woken everywhere as the main language, however, some parts of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland Speak their own language: Welsh, Scottish and Irish. But don’t worry about learning the languages, English is spoken everywhere.
There are 11 indigenous languages spoken across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, and 3 Romance. Over 300 languages are currently spoken in London.
Travelling around the country
Travelling around the United Kingdom is fairly simple, just rent a car and you can go just about anywhere using the motorway to visit different cities and towns, London and Birmingham are only 2 and a half hours away, driving from the second city Birmingham to Scottish Capital Edinburgh will take you around 5 hours.
Britain’s National Rail network is one of the largest in the world and over 2,500 passenger railway stations on the National Rail Network not including the London underground, you can travel just about in the United Kingdom using the rail system. The Map below shows how far you can travel using the rail network.
The currency in the United Kingdom is the Pound sterling (£) which can be withdrawn from all ATMs. The United Kingdom is a safe place when it comes to fraud, so don’t worry about using ATM’s that are not installed inside a bank, however, we would still highly recommend using the ATMs at banks.
Scotland and Nothern Ireland Have their own currency “Scottish Pound” and ” Northern Ireland Pound” you can spend Scottish & Irish money anywhere in the UK as it is a legal tender denominated and backed by sterling, the currency of bank of England.
Places to avoid
Lewisham in South-East London has the highest murder rate in the country, so I would highly recommend not going there at night.
West Yorkshire is the most dangerous place to live in England and Wales.
Pitt Rivers Museum is also known as The University of Oxford’s museum of anthropology and world archaeology, founded in 1884 and named after the General and founder of Modern anthropology, Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers, Pitt Rivers Museum
Oxford Castle was built in 1071 on earlier Saxon Defences when William the Conqueror took control of England and was victories at the battle of hastings Oxford, he ordered for the castle to be built with a mound, The Castle was left under control of Hereditary constables drawn from the D’Oilly Family.
The Initial castle was made out of earthwork mound and surmounted by wooden palisades, the Motte rises over 60 feet, however, within the next few years Robert d’Oilly built the first stone fortifications, including a stone keep atop the mound.
In the 14th Century, the castle was diminished and the site became primarily used for country administration and as a prison. It saw action during the Anarchy where it was the scene of Matilda’s dramatic escape from King Stephen in the midst of a snowstorm. During the English Civil War, the castle was destroyed.
In the 18th Century, the castle became Oxford’s prison and a new prison complex was built on the site and later expanded in 1876, becoming the HM Prison Oxford. In 1996 the prison closed and was redeveloped into a hotel.
Tours around Oxford Castles are done by guides who dress up in costumed characters and show you around the Saxon Tower, where you can enjoy a stunning 360° views of Oxford and then descent to the dark atmosphere of the 900-year-old underground crypt. You can even experience the Austere confines of the 18th-century debtors’ tower and the Prison D-Wing and wonder at the mound of the 11th-century motte and the Vaulted Well Chamber of Bailey castle.
The medieval remains of the castle, including the motte and St George’s Tower and crypt, are Grade I listed buildings and a Scheduled Monument.
Oxford Castle Quater does not have its own carpark, Car parks can be found at Westgate Shopping Centre, Oxpens, Worcester Street and Gloucester Green and are all a short walking distance from Oxford Castle & Prison.
Oxford rail station has regular links to all major UK cities, eight minutes walk from the train station to Oxfords Castle
Gloucester Green bus station is located in the heart of Oxford City Centre in George Street. Once on George Street, turn right and then immediately left and bear left around the corner into New Road. Oxford Castle Quarter is on your right-hand side.
There are plenty of bike racks located behind the Oxfordshire County Council building.
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Closed: Christmas Day.
Children between 5 and 15 years old
Under 5 years old
All admission tickets get access to the Mound.
Architects: Robert D’Oyly, Daniel Harris
Owner: Oxfordshire County Council
Architectural styles: Medieval architecture, Norman architecture
Materials: Coral rag, Gravel
THINGS TO DO NEARBY
Visit the Ashmolean Museum is an Ancient and modern art and antiquities covering world civilisations, plus fine and applied arts. located only 8 minutes away from Oxford Castle.
Carfax Tower, Landmark 23m-high belltower, once part of a 12th-century church, offering city views from the top. located 6 minutes from Oxford Castle.
WHERE TO STAY IN Oxford
Nearby places to stay as cheap as possible budget under £100/$100/€100:
Central Backpackers Oxford, Museum Hotel Oxford offers accommodation in historic Oxford in a building dating from 1594. The hotel is located a 2-minute walk from Carfax Tower in the centre of Oxford. The University of Oxford colleges is 0.2 miles away. Check Price.
YHA Oxford, This YHA hostel is located in the centre of historical Oxford, next to Oxford Train Station. YHA Oxford offers affordable accommodation, a restaurant serving traditional meals and self-catering kitchen facilities. Check Price.
White House View Guest House, is a 10-minute walk from Oxford city centre and offers a garden and bedrooms with free Wi-Fi and Freeview TV. The guest house is located just off Abingdon Road, in quiet and pleasant surroundings. Check Price.
Nearby places to stay at a budget price over £200+
Macdonald Randolph Hotel, In the heart of Oxford, opposite the Ashmolean Museum, The Macdonald Randolph Hotel offers sumptuous bedrooms and a spa. The Randolph Macdonald is just metres from The University of Oxford Colleges.Check Price.
Old Parsonage Hotel is a boutique hotel set in a building dating back to 1660. It has 2 terraces, a new residents garden library, a restaurant, a bar, and is a 5-minute walk from Oxford city centre. Check Price.
Museum Hotel Oxford, Museum Hotel Oxford offers accommodation in historic Oxford in a building dating from 1594. located a 2-minute walk from Carfax Tower in the centre of Oxford Check Price.
Visiting Oxford? We have other posts that you may enjoy that will be helpful on your trip.
Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology in Oxford was founded in 1683, Ashmolean Museum is the oldest public museum in the World and has one of the most important Arts and archaeology collections, Ashmolean Museum received a £61 Million interior renovation which expanded the Museum into 39 new galleries
Bodleian Library was established at the University of Oxford by Thomas de Cobham and is the main research library of the University, Bodleian Library is one of the oldest in Europe and second largest library in Britain, Bodleian Library is composed of five buildings, Bodleian Library archives were digitised for public access