the historic centre of Siena has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. Siena City Profile. A city in Tuscany, Italy. capital of the province of SienaContinue reading
Ancient Rome Facts
As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war.
Packed with immigrating young men, the Romans needed female inhabitants and kidnapped Sabine women, sparking a war that ended with a truce and the two sides joining forces.
The Circus Maximus, a huge stadium built for chariot races, could seat around 150,000 people.
The native language of the Romans was Latin, but they often spoke Greek as well.
When Julius Caesar took power he named himself dictator for life. However, this didn’t last long as he was assassinated a year later.
The fall of Rome generally refers to the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It fell in 476 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire, or the Byzantine Empire, would rule parts of Eastern Europe for another 1000 years.
The Romans believed in gods and goddesses who ruled over different areas of life.
Life expectancy in ancient Rome was only 20 to 30 years, but they didn’t all die young.
The wars between the Romans and the Persians lasted about 721 years. This constitutes the longest conflict in human history.
During the 7th century BC, ancient Roman “Vestal Virgins” were required to keep their hymens intact as proof of virginity for 30 years.
Quick TimeLine of Ancient Rome:
|753 BC: The “foundation of Rome”|
|509 BC: The creation of the Roman Republic|
|338 BC: The settlement of the Latin War|
|264–146 BC: The Punic Wars|
|The second and first centuries BC: the Hellenisation of Rome|
|67–62 BC: Pompey in the East|
|31 BC–AD 14: Augustus reintroduces monarchy to Rome|
|AD 235–284: the third century crisis|
|AD 312: Constantine converts to Christianity|
|AD 410: The fall of Rome|
Explore Rome with Rome.net
The Alps are split into six different regions: The Swiss Alps, The French Alps, the Austrian Alps, the Italian Alps, Bavarian Alps, and the Julian Alps.
The Aletsch Glacier with its 23 km length and 900 m depth is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Alps are home to some of the largest and most well-known ski areas in the world.
Facts About the European Alps
- The Alps formed about 65 million years ago.
- The mountains were formed as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided.
- The Alps are generally divided into the Western Alps and Eastern Alps.
- Grenoble is the biggest city in the Alps.
- The highest peak in the Alps is the Mont Blanc, at 4,809 meters (15,777 feet).
- Alps is the greatest mountain range in Europe.
- The Alps are more than 200 kilometres wide at their broadest point between Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, and Verona, Italy.
- 13,000 species of plants have been identified in the Alpine regions.
- The Alps are a habitat for 30,000 species of wildlife.
- Crystals are found throughout much of the Alpine region such as cinnabar, amethyst, and quartz.
- Humans have lived in the Alps since prehistoric times, 50,000 to 60,000 years ago.
- The Alps stretch from Austria and Slovenia in the east, through Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Germany to France in the west.
- The Alps are just a part of a larger orogenic belt of mountain chains, called the Alpide belt. It reaches through southern Europe and Asia from the Atlantic Ocean most of the way to the Himalayas.
- A mummified man was found in the Alps at the Austrian/Italian border in 1991, said to be 5,000 years old.
- In the Alps, there are 82 official summits that are at least 4,000 m High.
- Cheese fondue is one of the best known Alpine dishes.
- The Alps maintain a permanent snow blanket over 2750 meters (9,000 feet) above sea level.
- The Alps mountain range is known to have Europe’s highest vineyards. They are at 1500 meters in height.
- In World War II, Adolf Hitler kept a base of operation in the Bavarian Alps throughout the war.
- White Friday occurred during the Italian Front of World War I when an avalanche struck an Austrian barracks on Mount Marmolada, killing 270 soldiers.
- around 120 million tourists visit the Alps every year.
- In the first World War, more than 50000 people were killed by the Alps avalanches.
- the Alps cover only 11% area of Europe, they provide more than 90% water to lowland Europe.
Facts About Capri
The first people to settle on Capri were the ancient Greek ‘Teleboi.’
The rocks which form the island date back to the Jurassic and Cretaceous eras, from 65 to 190 million years ago.
The island has a population of 12,200 people, as of 2002.
Capri is divided into two sections, the eastern section is known as Capri and the western section is called Anacapri.
Porto Tragara on the island was once an ancient Roman port. The exact purpose of the port is not known.
Frank Sinatra recorded a song about the island “Isle of Capri” on October 1, 1957, for his album ‘Come Fly with Me.’
Capri is twinned with: Crosby, Merseyside, United Kingdom
Capri is home to the Mediterranean bush, the Arboreal Euphorbia, and the Ilex Wood.
Capri is part of the region of Campania, Province of Naples.
The native inhabitants on the island include quails, robins, peregrine falcons, woodcocks, blackbirds, geckos, red goldfish, conger eels, sargos, groupers, mullets, and the blue lizard of the Faraglioni.
Capri has twelve churches, seven museums, and several monuments
Capri is a large, limestone and sandstone rock.
The Caprese salad got its name from the island. It translates ‘the salad of Capri’.
The highest point of Capri is Monte Solaro at 1,932 feet.
Capri hosts a number of annual events, such as the Capri Art Film Festival, Festival of San Costanzo, international Folklore Festival.
Today, Capri has become more of a resort and is visited by tourists during the summer months of July and August.
Augustus’ successor Tiberius built a series of villas at Capri, the most famous of which is the Villa Jovis, one of the best-preserved Roman villas in Italy.
The voters of the island elect representatives for the two municipalities on the island. The chosen representatives then choose two mayors to govern with them.
The etymology of the name ‘Capri’ is unclear.
During the 17th century, the bubonic plague arrived at the island, killing 300 people out of the 755 inhabitants that lived on the island.
Facts about the Royal Palace of Turin:
The palace was the centre of the Savoyard royal court.
In 1946, the palace was claimed by the Italian Republic and turned into a “Museum of the Life and Works of the House of Savoy”.
In 1997, The Royal Palace of Turin was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list.
Anne Marie d’Orléans died at the palace in 1728.
The Royal Palace of Turin was originally built in the 16th century. Construction of the palace was ordered by the Regent Christina Maria in 1645.
The royal gates of the palace have a golden Medusa symbol embossed on them, in order to fend off intruders.
Milan is the capital city of the Lombardy Region, It’s known as one of the world’s four fashion capitals, The wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan. An estimated total population of 7.5 million, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy.
- Milan is the second-largest Italian City, only just after Rome.
- In the 1500s Milan was ruled by the Spanish & later was ruled by the Austrians in the 1700s.
- Milan has hosted the world’s fair in 1906 & in 2015.
- The first-ever Skyescaper built in Italy is the Pirelli Tower, located in Milan.
- Milan has the most skyscrapers in Italy.
- Milan is the capital city of the province of Milano and the regional capital of Lombardy.
- The highest point of Milan is 122 meters above sea level.
- Milan covers a total area of 70 square miles.
- Milan has the highest per capita income in Italy.
- Leonardo da Vinci invented the first water lock for the Milanese channel.
- Over 20% of the Milan population is made up of foreign immigrants.
- The Duomo di Milano is the largest Cathedral in all of Italy.
- Mediolanum was founded by Insubres, a Celtic people. It was captured by the Romans in 222 BC.
- The Pinacoteca di Brera is one of the most important art galleries in all of Italy.
- Milan is the fashion capital of the world.
- The only stock exchange in Italy is located in Milan.
- Two of the biggest Football Clubs are located in Milan, FC Inter and FC Milan.
- Milan is considered to be the 12th most expensive city in the world.
- Milan is an English word that has been derived from the Lombard while it is called Milano in Italian.
- Milan was declared the capital of the Cisalpine Republic when Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Italy in 1796.
Summary About Turin
Turin is the capital city of Piedmont in northern Italy, The Alps rise to the northwest of the city. Nearby is the soaring spire of the Mole Antonelliana, a 19th-century tower housing the interactive National Cinema Museum.The city has a population of 886,837 in the city proper. The urban area has 1.7 million inhabitants, while the metro area has an estimated population of 2.2 million
Facts About Turin
- Turin was made the first Capital city of a Unified Italy in 1861, however it was later moved to Florence in 1865 and Roma in 1870.
- Turin is the fourth largest city in Italy, only just behind Naples, Milan and Rome.
- In Italian, Torino, Turin means little bull.
- Turin is one of Italy’s most important industrial and communications centres.
- The University of Turin was founded in 1404
- Fiat Automobiles first car factory opened in Turin.
- Turin is well known for its Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture.
- There are two major rivers in Turin, The Po & the Dora.
- Turin’s Egyptian Museum holds the largest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts outside of Cairo.
- Turin was founded pre-Roman times by the Taurini People.
- The 2006 Winter Olympics was hosted in Turin.
- The Holy Shroud is located in Turin’s Duomo just off Piazza Castello.
- Turin hosted the 150th anniversary of the Italian Unification (In 2011).
- Benedetto Carpano invented the Vermouth in Turn 1786.
- Prior to being the first Capital of Unifield Italy, Turin was the capital of Kingdom of Sardinia.
- Turin’s royal palace (Residences of the Royal House of Savoy) is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- The incredible movie Italian Job was filmed in Turin.
- The Royal Palace houses the Royal Armoury, with one of the finest collections of arms in Europe.
- Turin is the Capital of the Piedmont region of Italy.
- Turin is the birthplace of solid cholocate, it can be traced back to 1560.
Other Interesting Facts, that you may enjoy:
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Italy is a sovereign state in Europe, situated in the heart of the mediterranean sea. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2. Shares open land borders with France, Austria, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and Slovenia.
Italy was certainly influenced by many powerful cultures and political forces over time, including the Byzantines, Etruscans and Greeks, but it was the world-changing impact of both the Roman civilization and the Italian Renaissance that contributed most-significantly to its status in the modern world.
Italy has the third largest nominal GDP in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world. As an advanced economy, the country has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth and it is ranked third for its central bank gold reserve. Italy has a very high level of human development and it stands among the top countries for life expectancy.
Republic of Italy Timeline
|The Kingdom of Italy established excluding Rome, Venice, San Marino; King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia became King of Italy|
|Italy obtained Venice from Austria|
|Italian forces occupied Rome|
|Rome named the capital of Italy|
|Italy joined World War I on side of Allies|
|Allies won World War I|
|Gains Trentino, South Tyrol, and Trieste under peace treaties.|
|Fascists took control of Rome; Benito Mussolini named Prime Minister|
|Mussolini became Dictator of Italy|
|Lateran Treaty creates the state of Vatican City.|
|Italy invades Ethiopia.|
|Mussolini formed anti-Communist Axis with Germany|
|Italy entered World War II as an ally of Germany|
|Italy declares war on USSR.|
|Italy surrendered to Allied forces; Mussolini forced to resign; Italy declared war on Germany|
|Allied Armies liberated Rome|
|Mussolini, who had been rescued from prison by Germans, is captured and executed by Italian partisans.|
|Italians voted to end monarchy and established a republic|
|Italy cedes land and territories under the peace treaty.|
|Italy joins European Coal and Steel Community.|
|Italy became a founding member of the European Economic Community|
|Italy joined United Nations|
|Founder member of European Economic Community.|
Olympic Games held in Rome
|Flood waters from Arno River in Florence damaged many works of art|
|Italian Football team won World Cup in Spain|
|Roman Catholicism lost status as the state religion of Italy|
|338 Mafia members convicted of criminal activities|
|World Cup held in Italy|
|Italy joined the European Union|
|Italy adopted Euro as its currency|
Euro replaces the lira
|Multi-billion euros fraud at Parmalat food-manufacturing company exposed|
|Earthquake in Abruzzo region killed over 300|
|Italian women held nationwide anti-Berlusconi demonstrations|
|The government takes full control of the troubled ILVA steel plant, based in Taranto in southern Italy.|
|Veneto and Lombardy, two wealthy northern regions, vote overwhelmingly in favour of greater autonomy in non-binding referendums.|
|Elections produce a hung parliament and ongoing efforts to form a government.|
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Fascinating Facts About Italy, the espresso machine was invented in Italy, Italy is the world’s largest producer of wine Italy facts Italian is the closest to latinContinue reading