The term Scottish Borders is also used to designate the areas of southern Scotland and northern England that bound the Anglo-Scottish border.
The Borders boasts four magnificent ruined Medieval abbeys which date back to the 12th century: Jedburgh, Melrose, Kelso, and Dryburgh.
The Scottish Borders is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the City of Edinburgh, Dumfries and Galloway, East Lothian, Midlothian, South Lanarkshire, West Lothian, and, to the south-west, south, and east, the English counties of Cumbria and Northumberland.
The famous Rugby Sevens game was invented in the Borders town of Melrose in the 1880s.
The largest towns near the borders of the Anglo-Scottish border: Galashiels, Hawick, Peebles, Selkirk & Kelso.
The term Borders also has a wider meaning, referring to all of the counties adjoining the English border, also including Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire – as well as Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland in England.
Every year the region plays host to the world’s oldest and largest equestrian festival: The Common Ridings.
The Scottish Borders also have some fabulous Roman remains which date back to their failed attempt to conquer Scotland.
The region also has no commercial airports; the nearest is Edinburgh, Scotland, and Newcastle, England both of which are international airports.
The Siege of Roxburgh Castle, in 1313, was the first major conflict in the First War of Scottish Independence.
The country might be small but it holds a lot of history, fame and culture, don’t be surprised that the British accent changes every 16 miles. People who come over to the United Kingdom can find it hard to learn the quirks and idiosyncrasies and pronunciations, road rules and the drinking culture can be strange but its a lovely nation with lots of history to explore.
The United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is also the site of Neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge and birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles.
Your passport or identity card will be checked when you arrive at a UK port or airport to make sure you’re allowed to come into the country. It must be valid for the whole of your stay. More Information can be found at the UK Government website.
Visiting the United Kingdom is fairly safe and really nothing to worry about. The United Kingdom benefits from low crime rates and very effective emergency services.
Visiting any public spaces, you will find a lot of CCTV cameras overlooking the public and if any crime did happen, you could easily report it to the police with no hassle and health care is free so no need to worry about injuring yourself.
Just use your common sense when visiting any country and respect the cultural and keep your belonging to yourself.
Best Time to visit the United Kingdom
London is most heavily touristed in the late spring and summer months when the weather is warm and kids are off school and during the December rush of shopping and seasonal activities. London can be visited at any time of year, as it has a mild climate and extreme weather is rare.
Northern Ireland has relatively warm temperatures, but wet and windy conditions. In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°- 18°C. Temperatures are highest between June and August and pleasant in April and September.
England boasts the warmest temperatures in the United Kingdom with July and August being the hottest months. summers rarely get very hot and the winters don’t get very cold, expect the weather to be between 11°-20° degrees on average.
Wales weather is similar to Northern Ireland, In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°C-17°C and 2°C-6°C during winter.
Scotland weather during June and August in the south of Scotland average between 11°-19°C and in the winter it’s between 1°C-7°C.
The United Kingdom has a number of languages, English is woken everywhere as the main language, however, some parts of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland Speak their own language: Welsh, Scottish and Irish. But don’t worry about learning the languages, English is spoken everywhere.
There are 11 indigenous languages spoken across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, and 3 Romance. Over 300 languages are currently spoken in London.
Travelling around the country
Travelling around the United Kingdom is fairly simple, just rent a car and you can go just about anywhere using the motorway to visit different cities and towns, London and Birmingham are only 2 and a half hours away, driving from the second city Birmingham to Scottish Capital Edinburgh will take you around 5 hours.
Britain’s National Rail network is one of the largest in the world and over 2,500 passenger railway stations on the National Rail Network not including the London underground, you can travel just about in the United Kingdom using the rail system. The Map below shows how far you can travel using the rail network.
The currency in the United Kingdom is the Pound sterling (£) which can be withdrawn from all ATMs. The United Kingdom is a safe place when it comes to fraud, so don’t worry about using ATM’s that are not installed inside a bank, however, we would still highly recommend using the ATMs at banks.
Scotland and Nothern Ireland Have their own currency “Scottish Pound” and ” Northern Ireland Pound” you can spend Scottish & Irish money anywhere in the UK as it is a legal tender denominated and backed by sterling, the currency of bank of England.
Places to avoid
Lewisham in South-East London has the highest murder rate in the country, so I would highly recommend not going there at night.
West Yorkshire is the most dangerous place to live in England and Wales.
List of Famous Scottish People from writers, Photographers, Monarchs, Inventors and engineers, Explorers, Composers, Architects and over 300 Famous Scottish People, Gerard Butler, Robert the Bruce, William Wallace, Mary Queen of Scots, Macbeth, Calvin Harris, Jackie Stewart, list of famous scots
United Kingdom Timeline, The United Kingdom is a union of individual countries of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and its reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, United Kingdom Timeline, Chronicle events and historical timeline
Aberdeen historical timeline during the 12th and 13th century the city grew and established itself as a powerful town with strong trade routes with Germany and receiving the rights to hold weekly markets and later yearly fairs, Aberdeen started to grow, Aberdeen timeline from the 12th century to the 21st century
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the British monarch to some communities. Becoming a city is not automatic, but many people think that any town that has a cathedral is a city. This is because Henry VIII built cathedrals in six English towns and also granted made them cities by letters patent. A city council does not have any more powers than a borough or district council. – Definition Source: Wikipedia
Please note that not all cities have no dates in the City Status, this is because the status predates any known historical records.
Year city status granted
Brighton & Hove
Kingston upon Hull
City of London
Newcastle upon Tyne
1891 (royal burgh: 1179)
1889 (royal burgh: 1191)
1492 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
The coat of arms consists of three towers within a border, which are decorated with Fleur-de-lis, the three castle represent the three buildings that stood on the three hills of medieval Aberdeen, known as the Aberdeen Castle on the Castle Hill, the City gates on the Port Hill and a Chapel on St Catherine’s Hill. However only the Aberdeen Castle stands today and St Catherine’s Hill was levelled out.
There are two supporter leopards, one on each side, with their faces, facing towards the viewer, According to the Legends, the two beasts were granted by James I as a gesture of thanks to the burgh for underwriting his expenses while he was help captive in England.
The Motto on the coat of arms “Bon Accord”, means “Good Agreement” In French, It is said that its use dates back to the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th Century, When Robert the Bruce and his Soldiers laid siege to Aberdeen Castle and before destroying the castle in 1308 and taking back Aberdeen from the English.
The Coat of arms were granted on July 29th, 1996 however the city seals were about before the 15th century.
Flag of Aberdeen
The Flag of Aberdeen dates back to the 15th century if not before, with three towers represting the three hill tops of Aberdeen and decorated with fleurs-de-lis.