Argentina is a vast country located in the southern part of South America. The eighth-largest country in the world, it is the second-largest country in South America. The country is divided into four regions: The Andes, the North, the Pampas, and Patagonia.
Albania is a small, mountainous country in the Balkan peninsula, with a long Adriatic and Ionian coastline. The land was first settled by a tribe of people called the Illyrians in about 2000 BC.
Armenia is a landlocked country located in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia. Armenia is a part of the Caucasus region and one of the world’s oldest centres of civilization. Armenians have their own distinctive alphabet and language.
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a land-locked country in Central Europe composed of nine federated states, one of which is Vienna, Austria’s capital and its largest city. Austria occupies an area of 83,879 km² and has a population of nearly 9 million people.
Azerbaijan is bordered by the Caspian Sea on the east. Swans, flamingos, and pelicans all flock to this region. Much of the north and west are covered by the Caucasus Mountains. Azerbaijan is home to around ten million people today. About half of the population lives in bustling urban areas such as Baku.
Australia is an independent Western democracy with a population of more than 22 million. Australia is an island continent and the world’s sixth-largest country. Lying between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Angola is a country located on the west coast of Southern Africa. Angola has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Age. Its formation as a nation-state originates from Portuguese colonisation, which initially began with coastal settlements and trading posts founded in the 16th century.
Afghanistan is a mountainous landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Humans lived in what is now Afghanistan at least 50,000 years ago.
Algeria is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is the largest country by total area in Africa, and the Arab world. Algeria is a semi-presidential republic
Andorra is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south. Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the count of Urgell until 988, when it was transferred to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major islands, Antigua and Barbuda. The island of Antigua was explored by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and named for the Church of Santa María La Antigua.
Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest and sixth-most populous country, composed of 26 states and the Federal District.
Bangladesh is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world. Bangladesh forms the larger and eastern part of the Bengal region. The Bengalis make up 98% of the total population of Bangladesh.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa that covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres. Burkina Faso lies within two terrestrial ecoregions: Sahelian Acacia savanna and West Sudanian savanna.
Benin is bounded by Togo to the west, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east, and the Bight of Benin to the south. The economy of Benin is dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade.
Burundi is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. Burundi gained independence in 1962 and initially had a monarchy, but a series of assassinations, coups and a general climate of regional instability culminated in the establishment of a republic and one-party state in 1966.
Bolivia is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar, a Venezuelan leader in the Spanish American wars of independence. The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments.
The Kingdom of Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a Parliamentary System of Governance. Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups, the French-Speaking mostly located in the Wallon Regions and the Dutch-speaking, located in the Flemish Regions.
Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. Belarus is the thirteenth-largest and the twentieth-most populous country in Europe.
Bulgaria is a country in Southeast Europe. One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC. Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city. Bosnia and Herzegovina has been settled since at least the Upper Paleolithic but permanent human settlement traces back to the Neolithic age, during which time it was inhabited by cultures such as Butmir, Kakanj, and Vučedol.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America, and the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands. Barbados is east of the Windwards, part of the Lesser Antilles, at roughly 13°N of the equator.
Bhutan is a landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas. It is bordered by China to the north and India to the south. Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with Vajrayana Buddhism as the state religion.
The Bahamas is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago of the West Indies in the Atlantic. The Bahamas became a British crown colony in 1718 when the British clamped down on piracy.
Bahrain is a country in the Persian Gulf. The island nation comprises a small archipelago made up of 70 natural islands and an additional 33 artificial islands, centred around Bahrain Island which makes up around 83 per cent of the country’s landmass.
Brunei is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang.
China is a country in East Asia. It is the world’s most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion. China Covers an area of approximately 9.6 million square kilometres, China is the world’s third or fourth-largest country.
Colombia is a country in South America with territories in North America. Colombia is one of the world’s seventeen megadiverse countries and has the second-highest level of biodiversity in the world.
Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world’s second-largest country by total area.
Cameroon is a country in west-central Africa. The official languages of Cameroon are French and English, the official languages of former French Cameroons and British Cameroons.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d’Ivoire is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. The official language of the republic is French. Ivory Coast’s political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country.
Chile is a country in western South America. Chile covers an area of 756,096 square kilometres. Chile has a high-income economy and ranks very high in the Human Development Index.
Cambodia is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese Peninsula in Southeast Asia. The sovereign state of Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. Buddhism is enshrined in the constitution as the official state religion
Costa Rica is a country in Central America. Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century.
Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. Chad has several regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanian Savanna zone in the south.
Cuba is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located where the northern Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean meet.
Central African Republic
The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa. The Central African Republic covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres. The name of the Central African Republic is derived from the country’s geographical location in the central region of Africa and its republic form of government.
Comoros is an island country in the Indian Ocean, at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa. The sovereign state consists of three major islands and numerous smaller islands, all in the volcanic Comoro Islands.
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The Czech Republic has a hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate.
Croatia is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea. The Croats arrived in the 6th century and organised the territory into two duchies by the 9th century. Croatia is classified by the World Bank as a high-income economy and ranks very high on the Human Development Index.
Cape Verde is an archipelago and island country in the central Atlantic Ocean, consisting of ten volcanic islands with a combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometres. The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the 15th century.
The Republic of the Congo is a country located on the western coast of Central Africa. The region was dominated by Bantu-speaking tribes at least 3,000 years ago, who built trade links leading into the Congo River basin.
Cyprus is an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is the third-largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean. The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country in Central Africa. It is, by area, the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa, the second-largest in all of Africa.
The Dominican Republic is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region. The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with Haiti, making Hispaniola one of only two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two sovereign states.
Denmark is a Scandinavian country comprising the Jutland Peninsula and numerous islands. It’s linked to nearby Sweden via the Öresund bridge.
Djibouti is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Somaliland in the south, Ethiopia in the southwest, Eritrea in the north, and the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden in the east. Across the Gulf of Aden in Yemen. The country has a total area of 23,200 km2.
Dominica is an island country in the Caribbean. Dominica has been nicknamed the “Nature Isle of the Caribbean” for its natural environment. Dominica first emerged from the sea during the Oligocene era approximately 26 million years ago, making it one of the last Caribbean islands to be formed by volcanic activity.
Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. The national capital and largest city, Addis Ababa, lies several kilometres west of the East African Rift that splits the country into the African and Somali tectonic plates.
El Salvador is a country in Central America. El Salvador’s capital and largest city are San Salvador. As of 2018, the country had a population of approximately 6.42 million
Estonia is a country in Northern Europe. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland and of 2,222 islands on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2, and is influenced by a humid continental climate.
Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage along the Nile Delta back to the 6th–4th millennia BCE.
Eritrea is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2. Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country with nine recognized ethnic groups.
Eswatini is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. The Swazis established their kingdom in the mid-18th century under the leadership of Ngwane III. The government is an absolute monarchy, ruled by King Mswati III since 1986.
Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America. The territories of modern-day Ecuador were once home to a variety of Amerindian groups that were gradually incorporated into the Inca Empire during the 15th century.
Equatorial Guinea is a country on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres. Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region.
France is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea.
Finland is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and is defined by the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, and the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea across Estonia to the south.
Fiji is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. The majority of Fiji’s islands were formed by volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific.
Germany is a country in Central Europe. It is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a great power with a strong economy; it has the largest economy in Europe, the world’s fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the fifth-largest by PPP.
Guinea is a coastal country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea. The sovereign state of Guinea is a republic with a president who is directly elected by the people; this position is both head of state and head of government.
The Gambia is a country in West Africa. It is the smallest country within mainland Africa and is surrounded by Senegal, except for its western coast on the Atlantic Ocean. Banjul is the Gambian capital and the country’s largest metropolitan area.
Guyana is a country on the northern mainland of South America and the capital city is Georgetown. Guyana is the third-smallest sovereign state by area in mainland South America.
Ghana is a country in West Africa. Ghana covers an area of 238,535 km2 with a population of 31 million. It is the second-most populous country in West Africa. Ghana is a multinational state, home to a variety of ethnic, linguistic and religious groups.
Greece is a country located in Southeast Europe. Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic, and a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy, and a high quality of life, ranking simultaneously very high in the Human Development Index.
Gabon is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Originally settled by Pygmy peoples, they were largely replaced and absorbed by Bantu tribes as they migrated.
Grenada is an island country in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain. Grenada consists of the island of Grenada itself, two smaller islands, Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica, was historically based in the territory of modern Guatemala
Georgia is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Georgia covers 69,700 square kilometres and has a population of around 4 million.
Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa that covers 36,125 square kilometres with an estimated population of 1,874,303. Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Kaabu, as well as part of the Mali Empire.
Haiti is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. Haiti is 27,750 square kilometers in size, the third-largest country in the Caribbean by area
Holy See (Vatican)
The Holy See is the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, which includes the apostolic episcopal see of the Diocese of Rome with universal ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the worldwide Catholic Church, as well as a sovereign entity of international law, governing the Vatican City.
Honduras is a country in Central America. Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish Colonization in the sixteenth century.
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres of the Carpathian Basin. Hungary is a middle power in international affairs, owing mostly to its cultural and economic influence.
India is a country in South Asia. India is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world.
Italy is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it. Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically advanced countries
Ireland is a country in north-western Europe consisting of 26 of the 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern side of the island.
Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. Indonesia is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature.
Iraq is a country in Western Asia. Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991 and an area of 103,000 km2, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Iran is a country in Western Asia. Iran covers an area of 1,648,195 km2, with a population of 83 million. Iran is the second-largest country in the Middle East, and its capital and largest city is Tehran.
Israel is a country in Western Asia. It is situated on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel has evidence of the earliest migration of hominids out of Africa.
Japan is an island country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Japan is the eleventh most populous country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized.
Jordan is a country in Western Asia. Modern-day Jordan has been inhabited by humans since the Paleolithic period. Jordan is a semi-arid country, covering an area of 89,342 km2
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the Caribbean. The island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962.
Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Kenya is the world’s 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million. Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic
Kuwait is a country in Western Asia. Kuwait is situated on the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, bordering Iraq to the north and Saudi Arabia to the south.
Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country mainly located in Central Asia with a smaller portion west of the Ural River in Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan covers a land area of 2,724,900 square kilometres.
Kiribati is an independent island nation in the central Pacific Ocean. The state comprises 32 atolls and one raised coral island, Banaba. They have a total land area of 811 square kilometres and are dispersed over 3.5 million km2
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan’s history spans a variety of cultures and empires. Kyrgyzstan has been at the crossroads of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road and other commercial routes.
Laos is a Southeast Asian country traversed by the Mekong River and known for mountainous terrain, French colonial architecture, hill tribe settlements and Buddhist monasteries.
Liberia is a country in West Africa. Liberia was the first African republic to proclaim its independence and is Africa’s first and oldest modern republic. The country’s capital and largest city is Monrovia.
Latvia is a country on the Baltic Sea between Lithuania and Estonia. Its landscape is marked by wide beaches as well as dense, sprawling forests. Latvia covers an area of 64,589 km2, with a population of 1.9 million.
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea. Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age as descendants from Iberomaurusian and Capsian cultures.
Lithuania is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. Lithuania covers an area of 65,300 km2, with a population of 2.7 million.
Luxembourg is a small European country, surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany. Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux.
Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history.
Lesotho is an enclaved country surrounded entirely by South Africa. The official languages are Sesotho and English. Lesotho was previously the British Crown Colony of Basutoland, but it declared independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966.
Liechtenstein is a German-speaking, 25km-long principality between Austria and Switzerland. It’s known for its medieval castles, alpine landscapes and villages linked by a network of trails. The capital, Vaduz
Mexico is a country in the southern portion of North America. Mexico covers 1,972,550 square kilometres, making it the world’s 13th-largest country by area. Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for the number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of thirteen states and three federal territories. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire, along with the British Straits Settlements protectorate.
Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres. The population of Mali is 19.1 million.
Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. The capital and largest city is Chișinău. The constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994. The strip of the Moldovan territory on the east bank of the Dniester has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990.
Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. The country’s English name derives from Venetian and translates as “Black Mountain”, deriving from the appearance of Mount Lovćen when covered in dense evergreen forests.
Malta is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. Malta is the world’s tenth smallest country in area and the fourth-most densely populated sovereign country. Malta has been inhabited since approximately 5900 BC.
Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia. early civilisations in the area included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Myanmar and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Myanmar. Myanmar was reconquered by the Allies and granted independence in 1948.
Mozambique is a southern African nation whose long Indian Ocean coastline is dotted with popular beaches like Tofo, as well as offshore marine parks. The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese
Malawi is a landlocked country in southeastern Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. Malawi spans over 118,484 km2 and has an estimated population of 19,431,566. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name for the Chewa people who inhabit the area.
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous land empire in history. The name Mongolia means the “Land of the Mongols” in Latin.
Micronesia is a subregion of Oceania, consisting of thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. Political control of areas within Micronesia varies depending on the island and is distributed among six sovereign nations. The human settlement of Micronesia began several millennia ago.
The Marshall Islands is an independent island country near the Equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line. The capital and largest city is Majuro. It has the largest portion of its territory made of water of any sovereign state, at 97.87%.
Morocco is the northwesternmost country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Morocco spans an area of 710,850 km2, with a population of 37 million. In 1956 Morocco regained its independence and reunified.
Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean. Madagascar is the world’s second-largest island country, after Indonesia. The archaeological evidence of the earliest human foraging on Madagascar may date up to 10,000 years ago.
Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa. It is the twenty-eighth largest country or dependency in the world, the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and the largest country lying entirely below an altitude of 1,000 metres.
Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres off the southeast coast of the African continent, east of Madagascar. The capital and largest city, Port Louis, is located in Mauritius, where most of the population is concentrated.
The Maldives is a small archipelagic state in South Asia situated in the Indian Ocean. The Maldives is one of the world’s most geographically dispersed sovereign states as well as the smallest Asian country by land area and, with around 557,426 inhabitants, the 2nd least-populous country in Asia.
Monaco is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera close to the Italian region of Liguria, in Western Europe. Monaco is widely recognised for being one of the most expensive and wealthiest places in the world.
Nigeria, an African country on the Gulf of Guinea, has many natural landmarks and wildlife reserves. Protected areas such as Cross River National Park and Yankari National Park have waterfalls, dense rainforest, savanna and rare primate habitats.
Niger or the Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. The capital and largest city is Niamey, located in Niger’s southwest corner.
Norway is a Scandinavian country encompassing mountains, glaciers and deep coastal fjords. Oslo, the capital, is a city of green spaces and museums.
Namibia is a country in Southern Africa. Namibia gained independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Namibia has a population of 2.55 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy.
Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. It is mainly situated in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain
The Netherlands is a country located in Western Europe with territories in the Caribbean. The Netherlands has been a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary structure since 1848.
New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main landmasses, the North Island and the South Island and more than 700 smaller islands, covering a total area of 268,021 square kilometres.
North Korea is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu and Tumen rivers; it borders South Korea to the south at the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus. Originally inhabited by various indigenous cultures since ancient times, the region was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821.
North Macedonia is a country in Southeast Europe. It gained independence in 1991 as one of the successor states of Yugoslavia. The history of the region begins with the kingdom of Paeonia, a mixed Thraco-Illyrian polity.
Nauru is an island country and microstate in Oceania, in the Central Pacific. Settled by people from Micronesia and Polynesia circa 1000 BC, Nauru was annexed and claimed as a colony by the German Empire in the late 19th century.
Oman is a country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia and the oldest independent state in the Arab world. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast.
Pakistan is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s fifth-most populous country, with a population exceeding 225.2 million, and has the world’s second-largest Muslim population.
Peru is a country in South America that’s home to a section of Amazon rainforest and Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains. The sovereign state of Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions.
Paraguay is a country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
Palau is an archipelago of over 500 islands, part of the Micronesia region in the western Pacific Ocean. The country was originally settled approximately 3,000 years ago by migrants from Maritime Southeast Asia
The Philippines is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean and consists of about 7,640 islands. The Philippines is a multinational state, with diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands.
Portugal is a southern European country on the Iberian Peninsula, bordering Spain. Portugal is the oldest nation-state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times
Palestine by the United Nations and other entities is a de jure sovereign state in Western Asia officially governed by the Palestine Liberation Organization and claiming the West Bank and Gaza Strip
Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It’ss divided into 16 administrative provinces, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres. Poland’s topographically diverse territory extends from the beaches along the Baltic Sea in the north to the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains in its south.
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world.
Panama is a transcontinental country in Central America. Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama’s GDP, although commerce, banking, and tourism are major and growing sectors.
Qatar is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status.
Russia is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, covering over 17 million square kilometres, and encompassing more than one-eighth of Earth’s inhabited land area.
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia.
Rwanda is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. One of the smallest countries on the African mainland, its capital city is Kigali.
South Africa is a country in Southern Africa. With over 59 million people, it is the world’s 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of 1,221,037 square kilometres.
Sudan is a country in Northeast Africa. Sudan has a population of 44.91 million people as of 2021 and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres, making it Africa’s third-largest country by area.
Syria is a country in Western Asia, Syria is a unitary republic consisting of 14 governorates and is the only country that politically espouses Ba’athism. The name “Syria” historically referred to a wider region, broadly synonymous with the Levant, and known in Arabic as al-Sham.
South Sudan is a landlocked country in east/central Africa. South Sudan gained independence from the Republic of Sudan in 2011, making it the most recent sovereign state or country with widespread recognition as of 2021.
Switzerland is a mountainous Central European country, home to numerous lakes, villages and the high peaks of the Alps. Switzerland is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 and a land area of 39,997 km2.
Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Slovakia’s mostly mountainous territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres, with a population of over 5.4 million. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, while the second-largest city is Košice.
Suriname is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. Suriname was inhabited as early as the fourth millennium BC by various indigenous peoples, including the Arawaks, Caribs, and Wayana.
Saint Lucia is an island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. On 22 February 1979, Saint Lucia became an independent state and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevi is an island country in the West Indies. Saint Kitts and Nevi is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere, in both area and population. Saint Kitts was named Liamuiga, which roughly translates as ‘fertile land’, by the Kalinago, who originally inhabited the island.
South Korea is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, and sharing a land border with North Korea. The Korean Peninsula was inhabited as early as the Lower Paleolithic period. The name Korea derives from the name Goryeo.
Saudi Arabia is a country in Western Asia. It spans the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula, with a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2. Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East.
Senegal is a country in West Africa. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal’s economic and political capital is Dakar. Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres and has a population of around 16 million.
Sweden is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has a total population of 10.4 million
Sierra Leone is a country on the southwest coast of West Africa. Sierra Leone achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, and Milton Margai became the country’s first Prime Minister. Sierra Leone held its first general election as an independent nation on May 27, 1962.
Slovenia is a country in Central Europe. Slovenia is mostly mountainous and forested, covers 20,271 square kilometres, and has a population of 2.1 million, of which 500,000 live in the capital and largest city Ljubljana.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé and Príncipe is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadine is an island country in the Caribbean. It is located in the southeast Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, which lie in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean.
San Marino is a small state in Southern Europe enclaved by Italy. San Marino covers a land area of just over 61 km2 and has a population of 33,562. San Marino’s official language is Italian.
Spain is a country in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
Sri Lanka is an island country in South Asia. Sri Lanka’s documented history goes back 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements that dates to at least 125,000 years ago.
Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa. Somalia has an estimated population of around 15 million. Somalia has been inhabited since at least the Paleolithic period.
Serbia is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe. Serbia has a population of roughly 7 million, of which 1.7 million live in Belgrade, its capital and largest city.
Singapore is a sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British Empire.
The Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania, to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. It has a land area of 28,400 square kilometres and a population of 652,858.
Samoa is a Polynesian island country consisting of two main islands, two smaller, inhabited islands, and several smaller, uninhabited islands, including the Aleipata Islands. Samoa is a unitary parliamentary democracy with eleven administrative divisions.
Seychelles is an archipelagic island country in the Indian Ocean at the eastern edge of the Somali Sea. Seychelles consists of 115 islands. Seychelles was uninhabited prior to being encountered by Europeans in the 16th century.
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain.
Turkey is a country straddling Western Asia and Southeast Europe. Turkey is a regional power and a newly industrialized country, with a geopolitically strategic location.
Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa. Tunisia was inhabited by the indigenous Berbers. Tunisia is home to Africa’s northernmost point, Cape Angela; and its capital and largest city is Tunis, located on its northeastern coast, which lends the country its name.
Turkmenistan is a country in Central Asia, Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries; Merv is one of the oldest oasis-cities in Central Asia and was once the biggest city in the world.
Tonga is a Polynesian country, and also an archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The archipelago’s total surface area is about 750 square kilometres scattered over 700,000 square kilometres of the southern Pacific Ocean.
Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia. Thailand is located at the centre of the Indochinese Peninsula, spanning 513,120 square kilometres, with a population of over 66 million people.
Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia with an area of 143,100 km2. The traditional homelands of the Tajik people include present-day Tajikistan as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean and is known for its fossil-fuel wealth. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962, becoming a republic in 1976.
Tuvalu is an island country in the Polynesian subregion of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean. The total land area of the islands of Tuvalu is 26 square kilometres. Tuvalu became fully independent as a sovereign state within the Commonwealth. And on 5 September 2000, Tuvalu became the 189th member of the United Nations.
Tanzania is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located.
Togo is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. Togo covers 57,000 square kilometres, making it one of the smallest countries in Africa
East Timor is an island country in Southeast Asia. East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November 1975, when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor declared the territory’s independence.
United States of America
The United States of America is a country primarily located in North America. The United States of America is the world’s third- or fourth-largest country by total area.
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest country in Europe. The country’s capital and largest city is Kyiv. The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC.
Uruguay is a country in South America. Uruguay has a high-income economy, and is ranked first in Latin America in democracy, peace, low perception of corruption, e-government and is first in South America when it comes to press freedom, size of the middle class, and prosperity.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a sovereign country in north-western Europe, off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles.
Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to its layers of history and strategic location. The Uzbek economy is in a gradual transition to the market economy, with foreign trade policy being based on import substitution.
Uganda is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. Beginning in 1894, the area was ruled as a protectorate by the UK, which established administrative law across the territory. Uganda gained independence from the UK on 9 October 1962.
United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. The UAE is an elective monarchy formed from a federation of seven emirates
Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the eastern edge of the Indochinese Peninsula and is divided into 58 provinces and five municipalities, covering 331,699 square kilometres.
Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and many islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The territory of Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples.
Vanuatu is an island country located in the South Pacific Ocean. Vanuatu was first inhabited by Melanesian people. An independence movement arose in the 1970s, and the Republic of Vanuatu was founded in 1980.
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Welsh national identity emerged among the Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations.
Yemen is a country located on the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Yemen is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula
Zambia is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa. Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most common. The name “Zimbabwe” stems from a Shona term for Great Zimbabwe, an ancient city in the country’s south-east whose remains are now a protected site.