The Central American Integration System has been the economic and political organization of Central American states since February 1, 1993. On December 13, 1991, the ODECA countries signed the Protocol of Tegucigalpa, extending earlier cooperation for regional peace, political freedom, democracy and economic development.
In 1991, SICA’s institutional framework included Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Belize joined in 1998 as a full member, while the Dominican Republic became an associated state in 2004 and a full member in 2013.
All member states comprise a total area of 571,000 km² and about 59.77 million people. This is 0.38% of the habitable area around the world and 0.78% of the world population.
Flag of Central American Integration System
Logo of the Central American Integration System
Flags of SICA members
The SICA is an alliance of states of currently 8 countries in Central America and in the Caribbean.