The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf known as the Gulf Cooperation Council or GCC is a regional, intergovernmental political and economic union that consists of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
- The council main headquarter is in the city of Riyadh in Saudi Arabia.
- The Charter of the GCC was signed on 25 May 1981, formally establishing the institution.
In order to reduce their future dependence on oil, the GCC states are pursuing unprecedented economic structural reform.
Flag of Gulf Cooperation Council
The logo of the GCC consists of two concentric circles. On the upper part of the larger circle, the Bismillah phrase is written in Arabic, which means “In the name of God”, and on the lower part the council’s full name, in Arabic. The inner circle contains an embossed hexagonal shape that represents the council’s six-member countries. The inside of the hexagon is filled by a map encompassing the Arabian Peninsula, on which the areas of the member countries are borderless and coloured in brown. On the edge of the hexagon are colours representing the flags of the six-member countries.
Flags of GCC members
There are 6 member states of the union
- The associate membership of Iraq in certain GCC-related institutions was discontinued after the invasion of Kuwait.
- In May 2017, the Gulf Cooperation Council rejected the formation of a transitional political council in southern Yemen, which called for the separation of Southern Yemen, siding with Yemen President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi in doing so.
- As Jordan and Morocco are the only two Arabic speaking monarchies not currently in the council, the current members see them as strong potential allies. Jordan borders Saudi Arabia and is economically connected to the Persian Gulf States.