Republic of Italy Timeline

Italy is a sovereign state in Europe, situated in the heart of the mediterranean sea. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2. Shares open land borders with France, Austria, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and Slovenia.

Italy was certainly influenced by many powerful cultures and political forces over time, including the Byzantines, Etruscans and Greeks, but it was the world-changing impact of both the Roman civilization and the Italian Renaissance that contributed most-significantly to its status in the modern world.

Italy has the third largest nominal GDP in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world.  As an advanced economy, the country has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth and it is ranked third for its central bank gold reserve. Italy has a very high level of human development and it stands among the top countries for life expectancy.

Republic of Italy Timeline

1861
The Kingdom of Italy established excluding Rome, Venice, San Marino; King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia became King of Italy
1866
Italy obtained Venice from Austria
1870
Italian forces occupied Rome
1871
Rome named the capital of Italy
1915
Italy joined World War I on side of Allies
1918
Allies won World War I
1919
Gains Trentino, South Tyrol, and Trieste under peace treaties.
1922
Fascists took control of Rome; Benito Mussolini named Prime Minister
1925
benito mussolini Italian dictatorMussolini became Dictator of Italy
1929
Lateran Treaty creates the state of Vatican City.
1935
Italy invades Ethiopia.
1936
Mussolini formed anti-Communist Axis with Germany
1939
Albania annexed.
1940
Italy entered World War II as an ally of Germany
1941
Italy declares war on USSR.
1943
Italy surrendered to Allied forces; Mussolini forced to resign; Italy declared war on Germany
1944
Allied Armies liberated Rome
1945
Mussolini, who had been rescued from prison by Germans, is captured and executed by Italian partisans.
1946
Italians voted to end monarchy and established a republic
1947
Italy cedes land and territories under the peace treaty.
1951
Italy joins European Coal and Steel Community.
1952
Italy became a founding member of the European Economic Community
1955
Italy joined United Nations
1957
Founder member of European Economic Community.
1960
Olympic Games held in Rome

Olympic Games held in Rome

1966
Flood waters from Arno River in Florence damaged many works of art
1982
Italian Football team won World Cup in Spain
1984
Roman Catholicism lost status as the state religion of Italy
1986
338 Mafia members convicted of criminal activities
1990
World Cup held in Italy
1998
Italy joined the  European Union
1999
Italy adopted Euro as its currency
2002
Euro replaces the lira

Euro replaces the lira

2003
Multi-billion euros fraud at Parmalat food-manufacturing company exposed
2009
Earthquake in Abruzzo region killed over 300
2011
Italian women held nationwide anti-Berlusconi demonstrations
2014
The government takes full control of the troubled ILVA steel plant, based in Taranto in southern Italy.
2017
Veneto and Lombardy, two wealthy northern regions, vote overwhelmingly in favour of greater autonomy in non-binding referendums.
2018
Elections produce a hung parliament and ongoing efforts to form a government.

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Republic of Italy Timeline

Republic of Italy Timeline

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