The international Radom Jazz Festival and the International Gombrowicz Theater Festival are held in the city.
The city is home to the biennial Radom Air Show, the largest and best-attended air show in Poland, held during the last weekend of August.
Radom’s original settlement dates back to the 8th–the 9th century. It was an early medieval town in the valley of the Mleczna River.
Radom is the fourteenth largest city in Poland and the second-largest in the voivodeship.
In 1376, the city became the seat of a starosta, and entered the period of its greatest prosperity.
The Pact of Vilnius and Radom was signed there in 1401, and the Nihil Novi and Łaski’s Statute were adopted by the Sejm at Radom’s Royal Castle in 1505.
Radom is twinned with: Banská Bystrica, Slovakia; Daugavpils, Latvia; Homyel, Belarus; Huzhou, Zhejiang, China; Magdeburg, Germany; Ozyory, Moscow Oblast, Russia; Ploiești, Romania; Vilnius District Municipality, Lithuania; Stara Zagora, Bulgaria; Taoyuan District, Taiwan; Talavera de la Reina, Spain & Ternopil, Ukraine.
The Population of Radom is 211,371 as of 2019.
In 1364, Radom’s obsolete Środa Śląska rights were replaced with more modern Magdeburg rights, and residents gained several privileges as a result.
The Łucznik Arms Factory, located in Radom, continues to produce modern military firearms.
Toruń is renowned for the Museum of Gingerbread, whose baking tradition dates back nearly a millennium
In 1997 the medieval part of the city was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In 2007 the Old Town in Toruń was added to the list of Seven Wonders of Poland.
Toruń is the birthplace of astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.
Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland, with the first settlement dated back to the 8th century and later having been expanded in 1233 by the Teutonic Knights.
Toruń is divided into 24 administrative districts.
After Poland regained independence in 1918, Toruń was reincorporated into Polish territory, and during World War II was spared from bombing and destruction.
Toruń is twinned with: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States; Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany; Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands; Hämeenlinna, Finland; Kaliningrad, Russian Federation; Čadca, Slovakia; Swindon, Wiltshire, England; Novo Mesto, Slovenia; Lutsk, Ukraine & Guilin, China
Honouring Toruń’s sister relationship with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the Bulwar Filadelfijski (Philadelphia Boulevard), a 2 km (1.2 mi) long street running mostly between Vistula River and walls of the Old Town and the boulevard itself, bears its name.
Toruń is a centre of conservative Roman Catholic culture. Redemptorist Tadeusz Rydzyk has organized here Radio Maryja, Telewizja Trwam, a college whose students contribute to the mentioned media. Now a museum is being constructed.
The city is known for the famous Pauline monastery of Jasna Góra, which is the home of the Black Madonna painting, a shrine to the Virgin Mary.
The name of Częstochowa means Częstoch’s place and comes from a personal name of Częstoch mentioned in the medieval documents also as Częstobor and Częstomir.
The first Slavic settlement in the location of Częstochowa was established in the late 11th century. It was first mentioned in historical documents from 1220 when Bishop of Kraków Iwo Odrowąż made a list of properties of the Mstów monastery.
Częstochowa is a city in southern Poland on the Warta River
The population of Częstochow is 510,139, as of 2019.
There are about 26,000 companies registered in Częstochowa.
Częstochowa is an important industrial city with textile mills, chemical processing, glass and paper manufacturing, and food processing.
In 1377, Częstochowa was given city rights. In the same year, a document confirms the foundation of the first ironworks in the city.
Częstochowa is a city with powiat rights.
Częstochowa is twinned with: Bethlehem, Palestine; Irkutsk, Russia; Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine; Loreto, Italy; Lourdes, France; Nazareth, Israel; Ourém, Portugal; Pforzheim, Germany; Rēzekne, Latvia; Šiauliai, Lithuania; South Bend, United States; Styria, Austria & Zapopan, Mexico
Poznań is classified as a Gamma- global city by Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
The official patron saints of Poznań are Saint Peter and Paul of Tarsus, the patrons of the cathedral.
Poznań is the fifth-largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Poznań is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region.
The name Poznań probably comes from a personal name, Poznan and would mean “Poznan’s town”. It is also possible that the name comes directly from the verb poznać, which means “to get to know” or “to recognize,” so it may simply mean “known town”.
Poznań is famous for its football teams, Warta Poznań, which was one of the most successful clubs in pre-war history, and Lech Poznań, who are currently one of the biggest clubs in the country, frequently playing in European cups and have many fans from all over the region.
Poznań hosted the 2009 European Young Adults Meeting of the ecumenical Christian Taizé Community.
The city is home to one of the oldest zoological gardens in Poland, the Old Zoo in Poznań, which was established in 1874.
Poznań is divided into 42 neighbourhoods, each of which has its own elected council with certain decision-making and spending powers.
Wrocław is home to 10 Nobel Prize Winners, They are: Theodor Mommsen (1902), Philipp Lenard (1905), Eduard Buchner (1907), Paul Ehrlich (1908), Gerhart Hauptmann (1912), Fritz Haber (1918), Friedrich Bergius (1931), Otto Stern (1943), Max Born (1954) & Reinhard Selten (1994).
In 1989, 1995 and 2019 Wrocław hosted the European Youth Meetings of the Taizé Community and hosted the Eucharistic Congress in 1997 and the 2012 European Football Championship.
In 2016, the city was a European Capital of Culture and the World Book Capital.
In 2019, Wrocław was named a UNESCO City of Literature.
The city is believed to be named after Duke Vratislav I of Bohemia from the Czech Přemyslid dynasty, who ruled the region between 915 and 921. The city’s name first appeared in the 10th century as Vratislava.
Wrocław is over 1000 years old. It was originally a Slavic town. During the Middle Ages it became a German city.
The Oder River goes through the city.
The population of Wrocław is 642,869, as of 2019, making it the fourth-largest city in Poland and the main city of the Wrocław agglomeration.
Wrocław is twinned with: Brazil Araucária, Brazil; Batumi, Georgia; Breda, Netherlands; Charlotte, United States; Dresden, Germany; Guadalajara, Mexico; Hradec Králové, Czech Republic; Kaunas, Lithuania; Lille, France; Lviv, Ukraine; Oxford, United Kingdom; Ramat Gan, Israel; Reykjavík, Iceland; Vienne, France & Wiesbaden, Germany.
Wrocław is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia.
The exact origin of the name is uncertain and has not been fully determined. Originally, Warszawa was the name of a small fishing settlement on the banks of the Vistula river. One theory states that Warszawa means “belonging to Warsz”, Warsz being a shortened form of the masculine Old Polish name Warcisław, which etymologically is linked with Wrocław.
Warsaw produces more than 15% of Poland’s national income.
The first fortified settlements on the site of today’s Warsaw were located in Bródno and Jazdów.
As the capital of Poland, Warsaw is the political centre of the country.
Warsaw’s first stock exchange was established in 1817 and continued trading until World War II. It was re-established in April 1991, following the end of the post-war communist control of the country and the reintroduction of a free-market economy.
Warsaw is ranked as the 7th Largest capital cities of the European Union.
The city of Warsaw covers a total area of 517 square kilometres.
One of the most famous people born in Warsaw was Maria Skłodowska-Curie, who achieved international recognition for her research on radioactivity and was the first female recipient of the Nobel Prize.
Warsaw has one international airport, Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport.
The Royal Castle in Warsaw is a castle residency that formerly served throughout the centuries as the official residence of the Polish monarchs.
Warsaw’s historical Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The tallest building in Warsaw and in Poland is still the Palace of Culture and Science.
Designed by Polish architect Jakub Szczesny the Keret House in Warsaw is considered the narrowest house in the world.
Warsaw’s Lazienki Park is one of the largest palace and park ensembles in Europe.
Warsaw is the capital of Poland in Masovian Voivodeship.
Warsaw is twinned with: Berlin, Germany; Chicago, United States; Düsseldorf, Germany; Grozny, Russia; Hanoi, Vietnam; Kyiv, Ukraine; Moscow, Russia; Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan; Riga, Latvia; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Seoul, South Korea; Taipei, Taiwan; Tel Aviv, Israel & Vilnius, Lithuania.
You can find a number of locations named after Warsaw: Warsaw, Ontario, Canada; Warsaw (town), New York; Warsaw, California; Warsaw, Illinois; Warsaw, Indiana; Warsaw, Kentucky; Warsaw, Missouri; Warsaw, Texas.
Warsaw is about 100 m (325 ft) above sea level.
The Population of Warsaw is 1,776,000, as of 2019. Warsaw is the ninth most populated city in the European Union.
Warsaw gained the new title of Phoenix City because of its complete reconstruction after the war, which had leftover 85% of its buildings in ruins.
The first section of the Warsaw Metro was opened in 1995 initially with a total of 11 stations.
Warsaw is the only city in the EU with a nature reserve, Jeziorko Czernikowskie, located in the centre of the city.
People from Warsaw are called Varsovians.
Warsaw hosts the Guinness World Record for the largest parade of Hybrid cars.
Nicknames for Warsaw include “Paris of the North” and “Phoenix City”.
The city’s name is thought to originate from the Gdania River, the original name of the Motława branch on which the city is situated. The name of a settlement was recorded after St. Adalbert’s death in AD 997 as urbs Gyddanyzc.
In the 1980s, Gdańsk was the birthplace of the Solidarity movement, which played a major role in bringing an end to communist rule in Poland and helped precipitate the collapse of the Eastern Bloc, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact.
Gdańsk is a city on the Baltic coast of northern Poland.
Gdańsk is twinned with: Bremen, Germany; Cleveland, United States; Kaliningrad, Russia; Kalmar, Sweden; France Nice, France; Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan; Rotterdam, Netherlands; Petersburg, Russia; Sefton, United Kingdom; Turku, Finland & Vilnius, Lithuania
Gdańsk cooperates with Le Havre, France; Marseille, France & Odessa, Ukraine.
Gdansk was once part of Germany, after World War II the city became part of Poland.
The St. Mary’s Cathedral in Gdansk is the largest brick church in Europe.
The longest building in Poland, the Falowiec, is located in Gdansk.
Gdansk was previously known as Danzig, Kdanzk, Gyddanyzc, Danczig, Danczk, Gdąnsk, Danzc, Gdania, Danczik, Gdanzc and Danceke.
Prior to the occupation of Germany and Poland, Gdansk was a free and independent city-state first in 1807 to 1814 and once again between 1920 and 1939.