Flag of Lucerne

Flag of Lucerne

Flag of Lucerne

The Flag of Lucerne is divided Horizontally into equal parts White and Blue. Luzern was a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire since 1241. Lucerne joined the Swiss Confederation in 1332. The first documented evidence of the blue-white flag is from 1386, and a seal of 1354 shows the blue-white arms divided vertically.

The vertical division of the coat of arms has been explained as due to a gonfalon type of banner used by Lucerne, hung from a horizontal crossbar, which was also used as a flagstaff so that the flag was turned by 90 degrees when carried in battle.

Flag of Canton of Lucerne
Flag of Canton of Lucerne


Flag of Lucerne
Flag of Lucerne

10 Interesting facts about Ostend

Ostend facts

Fun and Interesting facts about Ostend

  1. Comic Le Bal Du Rat Mort is about a dreadful invasion of rats and its set in Ostend.

  2. Ostend is connected to Bruges and Ghent by Canals.

  3. Ostend was the last Dutch stronghold in Belgium in 1583.

  4. During World War I Ostend was a major German Submarine base until the sinking of the British blockship Vindictive sealed the port in 1918.

  5. Ostend has been used as a film location by a number of directors, movies: Place Vendôme, Armaguedon and Ex Drummer.

  6. Ostend has over five and a half miles of sandy beaches.

  7. Ostend is part of the Flanders region in Belgium and is the 9th biggest city in Flanders by Population.

  8. Ostend is only 6 meters above sea level.

  9. During a Three years siege in 1604, Ostend was left totally destroyed by the Spaniards under the Ambrogio Spinola.

  10. Ostend was given communal charter in 1267. (List of all Belgium cities communal charters)

Other Facts you might enjoy

List of Cities in Belgium

List Cities of Belgium

Belgium is a European Country that’s part of the European Union, has an area of 11,787 sq mi and Population over 11 Million. The Biggest city by Population and size is Brussels, Brussels hosts the official seats of the European Commission, Council of the European Union, and European Council.

Belgium is divided into three main Regions: Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels. Flanders and Wallonia are divided into five sections.

  • Flanders: West and East Flanders, Antwerp, Limburg and Flemish Brabant.
  • Wallonia: Hainaut, Luxembourg, Namur, Liege and Wallon on Brabant.

List of Belgium Cities by Alphabetical order 

City Province Population 2017 Communal Charter
Aalst East Flanders 84,859 1174
Aarschot Flemish Brabant 29,654 1194
Andenne Namur 26,767
Antoing Hainaut 7,829 1817 (titre)
Antwerp Antwerp 520,504 1221
Arlon Luxembourg 29,585
Ath Hainaut 29,074 1166
Bastogne Luxembourg 15,737 1332
Beaumont Hainaut 7,095
Beauraing Namur 9,161
Beringen Limburg 45,704 1239
Bilzen Limburg 32,151 1386
Binche Hainaut 33,545
Blankenberge West Flanders 20,265
Borgloon Limburg 10,668 1200
Bouillon Luxembourg 5,459
Braine-le-Comte Hainaut 21,532
Bree Limburg 15,911 1386
Bruges West Flanders 118,187 1128
Brussels 176,545 1229
Charleroi Hainaut 201,256
Chimay Hainaut 9,879
Chiny Luxembourg 5,179
Chièvres Hainaut 6,913
Châtelet Hainaut 36,350
Ciney Namur 16,360
Comines-Warneton Hainaut 18,102
Couvin Namur 13,908
Damme West Flanders 10,945 1180
Deinze East Flanders 30,906 1241
Dendermonde East Flanders 45,583 1233
Diest Flemish Brabant 23,612 1229
Diksmuide West Flanders 16,719 12th
Dilsen-Stokkem Limburg 20,310 1244
Dinant Namur 13,568
Durbuy Luxembourg 11,459 1331
Eeklo East Flanders 20,708 1240
Enghien Hainaut 13,563
Eupen Liège 19,461 1808
Fleurus Hainaut 22,624
Florenville Luxembourg 5,628
Fontaine-l’Évêque Hainaut 17,673
Fosses-la-Ville Namur 10,436
Geel Antwerp 39,560
Gembloux Namur 25,763
Genappe Walloon Brabant 15,334
Genk Limburg 65,986
Geraardsbergen East Flanders 33,204 1068
Ghent East Flanders 259,083 1178
Gistel West Flanders 12,021 13th
Halen Limburg 9,511 1206
Halle Flemish Brabant 38,680 1225
Hamont-Achel Limburg 14,427 14th Century
Hannut Liège 16,254
Harelbeke West Flanders 27,683 1153
Hasselt Limburg 77,124 1232
Herentals Antwerp 27,800 1209
Herk-de-Stad Limburg 12,694 1386
Herve Liège 17,638
Hoogstraten Antwerp 21,300 1210
Houffalize Luxembourg 5,232
Huy Liège 21,301 1066
Izegem West Flanders 27,590 1817
Jodoigne Walloon Brabant 14,005
Kortrijk West Flanders 75,736 1127
La Louvière Hainaut 80,719
La Roche-en-Ardenne Luxembourg 4,162
Landen Flemish Brabant 15,919 1211
Le Rœulx Hainaut 8,552
Lessines Hainaut 18,580
Leuven Flemish Brabant 100,291 1211
Leuze-en-Hainaut Hainaut 13,814
Lier Antwerp 35,244 1212
Limbourg (nl, de: Limburg) Liège 5,990
Liège (nl: Luik) Liège 197,885
Lo-Reninge West Flanders 3,288
Lokeren East Flanders 41,057 1804
Lommel Limburg 33,996
Maaseik Limburg 25,233 1244
Malmedy Liège 12,503
Marche-en-Famenne Luxembourg 17,401
Mechelen Antwerp 85,665 1301
Menen West Flanders 33,112
Mesen West Flanders 1,049
Mons Hainaut 95,220
Mortsel Antwerp 25,588
Mouscron Hainaut 57,773
Namur Namur 110,628
Neufchâteau Luxembourg 7,597
Nieuwpoort West Flanders 11,351
Ninove East Flanders 38,446 12th
Nivelles Walloon Brabant 28,368
Ostend West Flanders 70,994 1267
Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve Walloon Brabant 31,543
Oudenaarde East Flanders 30,972 1189
Oudenburg West Flanders 9,325
Peer Limburg 16,427
Philippeville Namur 9,239
Poperinge West Flanders 19,735 1147
Péruwelz Hainaut 17,152
Rochefort Namur 12,599
Roeselare West Flanders 61,657 1250
Ronse East Flanders 26,092
Saint-Ghislain Hainaut 23,207
Saint-Hubert Luxembourg 5,588
Scherpenheuvel-Zichem Flemish Brabant 22,924 1605
Seraing Liège 64,157
Sint-Niklaas East Flanders 76,028
Sint-Truiden Limburg 40,169 8th
Soignies Hainaut 27,447
Spa Liège 10,345 1594
St. Vith Liège 9,661
Stavelot Liège 7,140
Thuin Hainaut 14,600
Tielt West Flanders 20,301
Tienen Flemish Brabant 34,365
Tongeren Limburg 30,865
Torhout West Flanders 20,503
Tournai Hainaut 69,493 1188
Turnhout Antwerp 43,467 1212
Verviers Liège 55,194
Veurne West Flanders 11,727
Vilvoorde Flemish Brabant 43,653 1192
Virton Luxembourg 11,381
Visé Liège 17,759
Walcourt Namur 18,353
Waregem West Flanders 37,871
Waremme Liège 15,036
Wavre Walloon Brabant 34,169
Wervik West Flanders 18,689
Ypres West Flanders 35,014 1174
Zottegem East Flanders 26,137
Zoutleeuw Flemish Brabant 8,446 1107

Lighthouse of Genoa

Lighthouse of Genoa

The Lighthouse of Genoa also called Lanterna and is situated on the hill of San Benigno, stands at 249 feet and is the worlds fifth tallest lighthouse and is the second tallest “traditional” lighthouse, the lighthouse was built by Masonry in 1128.

Since 1543 and until 1902 when the  Île Vierge was built, it was the tallest lighthouse in the world. Considered as a whole with the natural rock on which it stands, as it is commonly perceived and represented, its height is 383 feet.

lighthouse of genoaThe lighthouse had two purposes one is to be a warning signal and as a fortification, during the middle ages, it was isolated from the city walls and only until the 17th century it came part of a defensive walls.

The most significant restoration work was performed in the 16th during the French domination of Genoa. Louis XII decreed that a fortress had to be built on the Lighthouse cape.

Despite inevitable damages, the Lighthouse remained intact during World War Two, an extraordinary fact, considering that Genoa was repeatedly bombarded from the day following Italy’s declaration of war in 1940.

You can find a beautiful and large coat of arms painted on its lower part of the tower, red cross and a white background.

Its the only lighthouse to have a keeper and is known as the most important lighthouse in Italy, it’s been operating for over 9 centuries, you can see its light from a distance of 50 kilometers.

The public can enter the Lighthouse and go up to 172 steps until it becomes a restricted area as the light house is operated by the military.


Address: Rampa della Lanterna, 16126 Genova GE, Italy

[su_button url=”https://www.isolatedtraveller.com/european-cities/genoa/” style=”flat” background=”#000000″ size=”6″ wide=”yes” center=”yes” radius=”0″ icon=”icon: arrow-circle-right”]More Information about Genoa[/su_button]

Florence Cathedral

Florence Cathedral

Florence Cathedral is dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore and designed by  Arnolfo di Cambio and construction began in 1296 had finished in 1368, it took 72 years to build. The Cathedral is fully covered by coloured marbles except for the façade that remained unfinished and was terminated only in the 19th century.

A number of areas within the Cathedral were not finished, such as the Dome, which only the frame known as the Polygonal base was built.

One of the most remarkable features of the outside of the building is the socalled “Porta della Mandorla”, “della Mandorla” means almond, it was given this name due to the large aureole around the figure of the Virgin sculptured.

Few sculptures which were made for the cathedral have been moved to the Museo dell´Opera del Duomo.

Florence Cathedral Dome

The internal walls of the dome, which have recently been restored, were fresco between 1572 and 1579 by Giorgio Vasari.

Climbing to the top of the Dome can be one amazing experience, There are 463 steps to the highest point of the dome and the bottom floor are all completely different, the Dome is also the largest masonry structure in the world, weighing over 40,000 tons and standing over 10 stories high.

The archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence is currently Giuseppe Betori. (2017)

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Architecture[/su_note]

Construction started: September 9, 1296
Completed: 1436


  • Arnolfo di Cambio
  • Filippo Brunelleschi
  • Emilio De Fabris


  • Italian Gothic
  • Renaissance
  • Gothic Revival

Florence Cathedral Interior

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Specifications[/su_note]

Length: 153 metres
Width: 90 metres
Nave width: 38 metres
Height: 114.5 metres
Floor area: 8,300 square metres
Materials: Marble, brick

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Location[/su_note]

Address: Piazza del Duomo, 50122 Firenze FI, Italy

Co-ordinations: 43°46′23.1″N 11°15′22.4″E

Florence Cathedral Plan