The square of the Tendillas is placed inside the city of Córdoba, Spain, within the location of the antique Roman forum of the city of Cordoba. At present it’s far the axis wherein the commercial lifestyles of the capital of Cordoba is developed and organized via serving as a connector of the main business avenues such as the streets of Cruz Conde and Gondomar.
The square of the Tendillas is the city’s main square since the 1920’s, and now one of the favorite meeting places in Cordoba, in the center of the square you can find a main fountain with a statue of the Gran Captain by the sculptor Mateo Inurria.
Address: Plaza de las Tendillas, s/n, 14002 Córdoba, Spain
1. Cordoba has some of the world’s largest olive plantations.
2. Cordoba’s Mezquita is the largest mosque in the entire world, as well as the world’s largest temple.
3. The library of al-Hakam II is thought to have amounted to 400,000 books.
4. Cordoba was founded in 169 BC by Romans.
5. The highest point in Cordoba is 120 meters above sea level
6. Cordoba is world-renowned for its leather manufacturing sites and silversmiths.
7. Córdoba is one of the few cities in the world that has a near-exact antipodal city (Hamilton, New Zealand)
8. Cordoba is the place of birth of the grand Roman philosopher Seneca.
9. Cordoba was a spot of peaceful coexistence of three different cultures: Jews, Muslims and Christians.
10. In the 11th century, it was one of the most important capitals in Europe
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The Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos also known as the “fort of the Christian Kings” has what’s now referred to as a ‘Moorish’ or ‘Islamic’ garden. The citadel, which become also a palace and different Mughal gardens, is medieval.
Fort of the Christian Kings is located on the northern bank of the Guadalquivir River. has beautiful views and can even be used as a supply route or a way to escape during more busy or stressful events.
The Catholic King Alfonso XI of Castile ordered the royal palace to be built in 1328, it was built on the ruins of the Vast Moorish fort.
The north west of the tower, is the oldest tower, it has two floors, you can find a roof terrace with battlements and inside the floors there’s crossed vaults and supporting arches, also theirs wide Almohad styled bands on the floor external sides and on the top floor the name derives from one of the gargoyles.
Facing the river the on the south east corner is a circle tower, The outdoors stonework functions ashlar blocks laid in exceptional directions, the tower has three floors and has a vault that’s semi circular.
The Keep Tower
The Keep tower or the Homage tower is where the occupants come to swore oath to protect the fortress, the tower is octagonal shape, the tower itself has a roof which has a raised tower and a balcony.
The baths are located in the basement and were built by Alfonso XI, there are four rooms, first one is the changing rooms, then the other rooms are the cold room, warm and hot rooms. the basement walls are made out of hardened clay and marble floor slabs, There are skylights in organizations of threes within the shape of stars which offer light and air flow.
The Mosaics Hall
The hall was formerly a chapel which then turned in to roman Mosaic art from the 2nd and 3rd century
Is a Moorish architecture which is a rectangular patio, and are motifs in stucco, which can be found across the base of the walls, with drawings of castles and lions.
outside the principle fortress partitions the gardens occupy fifty five rectangular metres. it is honestly a completely enjoyable location to wander. there’s a extensive variety of plants, palm bushes, cypresses, orange and lemon, trees to be visible which forget stone fountains and large ponds. firstly the water turned into introduced in via an aqueduct from the Sierra Morena and the extremely good Albolafia waterwheel within the River Guadalquivir nearby helped with the deliver. The huge ponds have been delivered in the 19th century.
Their used to be a tower called the Dove, which no longer stands.
Address: Plaza Campo Santo de los Mártires, s/n, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
The the Umayyad ruler built the structure in 784–786 however during the 9th and 10th centuries an extension was built that doubled it’s length. Which made it one of the biggest sacred buildings inside the Islamic World.
The ground plan of the finished constructing paperwork a good sized rectangle measuring a hundred and eighty through one hundred thirty metres.
The cloisters that surround it at the north, east, and west. Passing thru the courtyard, one enters at the south a deep sanctuary whose roof is supported by means of a forest of pillars made of porphyry, jasper, and lots of-colored marbles.
Since the 1236, the former mosque has served as a Christian cathedral, and its Moorish character became altered within the 16th century with the erection in the indoors of a critical excessive altar and cruciform choir, numerous chapels along the edges of the good sized quadrangle, and a belfry 300 toes, high in place of the old minaret.
The Local’s know the Mosque of Córdoba as Mezquita-Cathedral, the first rate Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest buildings from when the first time Muslims ruled Al-Andalus within the late eighth century.
The Great Mosque has two areas, the Courtyard and the Praying Hall, the courtyard was built by Abd al-Rahman III and the Praying hall, The interior area consists of a woodland of columns and red and white arches giving a sturdy chromatic impact. The site is divided into five distinctive areas, corresponding every considered one of them to the distinctive expansions which have befell on it.
1236 the city of Córdoba was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile, and the mosque was changed into a Catholic cathedral, the Construction of the Villaviciosa Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the mosque was overseen by Alfonso X.
Muslims throughout Spain have seek the Roman Catholic Church to permit them to pray within the building, the Islamic Council of Spain lodging a proper request with the Vatican however, Spanish church authorities and the Vatican have hostile this pass. those battles over the cathedral mirror the contested view of what constitutes Spanish history and Spanish identity.
Calle del Cardenal Herrero, 1, 14003 Córdoba, Spain
Region: Iberian Peninsula
Province: Province of Córdoba
Coordinates: 37°52′45.1″N 04°46′47″W
Calahorra Tower is a fortified gate inside the ancient center of Córdoba.
The Tower was built in the late 12th century, to protect the close by roman bridge, by Almohad Caliphate, The tower which stands on the left bank of the river, the tower was built for an arched gate between the two towers.
The la Calahorra tower was from built as a fortified gate by the Moors and then restored by King Enrique the 2nd in 1369 to defend the city against his brother, Pedro the first who was know as the cruel.
The building was restored in 1369 by king Henry II of Castile. A third tower was added to the existing ones, in the shape of two cylinder connecting them.
It has a Latin move plan with 3 hands formed through the towers joined via quarter cylinders and completed off with crenelations. It incorporates of 8 rooms and houses the 3 cultures museum.
In 1931, the Calahorra Tower was declared as the countries ancient monument.
It currently hosts the residing Museum of al-Andalus, which celebrates the duration whilst the Christian, Jewish and Muslim cultures lived in non violent coexistence within the metropolis.
The Tower was later restored, along with the Gates of the Bridge, Roman Bridge and the area surrounding the the tower, European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage and the Europa Nostra Award in 2014 was awarded to the city.
The tower itself provides an outstanding panoramic view of the river and areas around it.
The Spanish metropolis of Córdoba has the remains of a Roman temple, the temple was found in the 1950’s, when the City Hall had an expansion.
Córdoba had other temples however this was one of the more important temples, the only known by archaeological excavation. It is a Pseudoperipterus, hexastyle and of Corinthian order temple of 32 meters long and sixteen wide.
The construction of the temple began during the Emperor Claudius however it was completed under the Domitian.
The only remains of the temple are the foundation, the stairs, shafts of columns, the altar and capitals.
Córdoba is a city that is part of Spain but it is located on the African continent, and once was an important Roman city, it was named as the capital of Hispania Baetica.
Information & Statistics
At one time, Cordoba was the world’s largest city counting about one million residents.
Cordoba was a spot of peaceful coexistence of three different cultures: Jews, Muslims and Christians.
Cordoba is the place of birth of the grand Roman philosopher Seneca.
In Cordoba summer temperatures often reach more than 40 Celsius degrees (102 F).
Córdoba is twinned with:
Argentina Córdoba, Argentina
Galicia (Spain) A Coruña, A Coruña
Mexico Córdoba, Veracruz, Mexico
Morocco Fes, Morocco, since
Morocco Smara, Western Sahara
Brazil São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Cuba La Habana Vieja, Cuba
Syria Damascus, Syria
Germany Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
Castile and León León, León, Castile
Pakistan Faisalabad, Pakistan
Uzbekistan Bukhara, Uzbekistan
England Manchester, England, United Kingdom
State of Palestine Bethlehem
Turkey Adana, Turkey
Libya Derna, Libya
Belgium La Louvière, Hainaut, Belgium