11 Facts You Might Not Know About Edinburgh

Edinburgh city

11 Facts You Might Not Know About Edinburgh


1. The volcano`s crater got the name “Arthur`s Throne”.

2. Edinburgh was the first city in the world to have its own fire service in 1703.

3. The first king of Great Britain James I (a Scottish king James VI) was born in the Edinburgh castle.

4.The Stone of Destiny which is kept in the Edinburgh castle is still used for the crowning of English Monarchs.

   – according to legend, the real stone was secretly swapped for a fake one at some point in its history.Edinburgh replaced Scone as the capital of Scotland in 1437.

5. Originally the Scots mile was longer than the English Mile, but it was abolished as a unit of measure by the 1824 Weights and Measures Act.

6. J.K. Rowling wrote some of Harry Potter in an Edinburgh café; The Elephant.

   – took inspiration from the landscape for her characters and locations.

7. Edinburgh is also standing on seven hills like Rome and Moscow.

8. Royal Mile is the most famous street in the city

9. Edinburgh Castle’s Great Hall has a small window high above the fireplace known as “laird’s lug” which translates into “the Lord’s ear.”

10. The window allowed castle residents to eavesdrop on conversations taking place in the Great Hall.

11. Edinburgh has 112 parks and more trees per head of population than any other city in the United Kingdom.

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The Real Mary King’s Close

Mary King's Close

The Real Mary King’s Close opened in 2003 to the public as a Historic visitor attraction, takes you on a journey through time as they uncover streets and houses hidden beneath one of the city’s most famous thoroughfares.

Mary King’s Close is located under buildings on the Royal Mile in the Historic old Town area of Edinburgh. The name ‘Mary King’s Close’ takes its name from a Merchant Burgess who resided on the close in the 17th century.

During the 18th century the close was partially destroyed and buried due to the Royal Exchange being built.

The area became shrouded in myths and urban legends; tales of haunting’s and murders abounded.

The Guides who walk you through the one hour attraction are dressed in costume characters that one time were historical resident of the Close.

The Real Mary King’s Close is operated by Continuum Attractions. Continuum Attractions offers a host of cultural visitor attraction experiences across the UK.

Mary King's Close
The Exhibition Room, Photography by: The Real Mary King’a Close

Telephone: +44 (0) 131 225 0672 | Official Website | Facebook | Twitter

Since the early 17th century the Mary King’s Close has gained a reputation for haunting’s however several paranormal investigations have taken place and found that the rumors might be because of Bio-gas escaping into the close and making eerie lights, the gas can also cause hallucinations, but you never know until you experience the event for yourself.

Opening Hours


Monday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Tuesday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Wednesday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Thursday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Friday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Saturday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM
Sunday 10:00 AM–9:00 PM


Admission prices

Group Type Price
Adult £14.95
Child (5 – 15 years) £8.95
Senior (60+) £12.95
Student (with valid student ID) £12.95
Family (2 Adult + 2 Children) £40.50

Due to safety reasons children under the age of 5 years old are not allowed in. For more details you can visit the official website: realmarykingsclose.com

The Maid Meets Mary King
Mary King’s Close Landscape; Photography by: The Real Mary King’a Close

Map Location

Address: 2 Warriston’s Cl, High St, Edinburgh EH1 1PG, UK

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Edinburgh Statistics and figures

Edinburgh city

Edinburgh In Numbers




Source: National Records of Scotland

Population 495,360 (2014)
Population: Male 252,758 (2014)
Population: Female 239,922 (2014)



Age Group  Population
0 – 4 Year old 27,060 (2014)
5 – 11 Year old 31,753 (2014)
12 – 15 Year old 16,545 (2014)
16 – 24 Year old 68,598 (2014)
25 – 44 Year old 191,387 (2014)
45 – 64 Year old 83,528 (2014)
65 – 84 Year old 63,349 (2014)
85 Year old + 10,460 (2014)



Population Rate
Birth rate 10.6 births per 1,000 population (2014)
Death rate 10.1 deaths per 1,000 population (2014)
Net migration rate 4.1 migrant(s) per 1,000 population (2014)



Life expectancy at birth
Males 77.1 years (2014)
Females 81.1 years (2014)




Average annual household income £38,095 (2014)
Households Income ‘Less than £15k’ 42,143 (2014)
Households Income ‘£15k to £19k ‘ 13,154 (2014)
Households Income ‘£20k to £29k’ 58,708 (2014)
Households Income ‘£30k to £39k ‘ 38,002 (2014)
Households Income ‘£40k to £49k ‘ 31,912 (2014)
Households Income ‘£50k to £59k ‘ 20,950 (2014)
Households Income ‘£60k to £69k ‘ 12,180 (2014)
Households Income ‘£70k to £99k ‘ 16,808 (2014)
Households Income ‘£100k + ‘ 9,744 (2014)




Number of Airports 1 Table
Number of Bus Stations 1 Table
Number of Train Stations 10 Table
Table Table Table
Table Table Table



Source: edinburgh.gov.uk


Country Population Recorded Years
Spain 5,110 2014 – 2016
Poland 5,080 2014 – 2016
Italy 3,280 2014 – 2016
India 2,200 2014 – 2016
France 1,690 2014 – 2016
Romaines 1,510 2014 – 2016
Greece 1,300 2014 – 2016
Ireland 1,260 2014 – 2016
China 1,260 2014 – 2016
German 1,010 2014 – 2016




School type Pupils
Council primary schools 29,750 (2017)
Independent schools 11,030 (2017)
Council secondary schools 18,150 (2017)
Publicly funded early learning and childcare 10,320 (2017)
Special Schools 630 (2017)



Source: www.visitscotland.org


Number of Visits 4.01 million (2015)
Tourist Expenditure £1,462 million (2015)
Average trip duration 3.6 days (2015)
Average Expenditure per day £101.84 (2015)



The Scotch Whisky Experience

the Scotch Whisky Experience

The Scotch Whisky Experience was first created in July 1987 by 19 individual scotch whisky companies, who invested to create the Scotch whiskey Experience. located on Castlehill in old town Edinburgh.

The centre offers tours and whiskey tutoring session with a shop, corporate spaces, Restaurant and Whisky Bar.

In 2008 The Whiskey Experience became home to the Worlds Largest Collection of Scotch Whisky, The collection was built up over 35 years by Claive Vidiz, you can find 3,384 Bottles within his collection.

The collection is now stored in a specially designed glass and marble vault, which was opened by Scottish First Minister, Alex Salmond, in May 2009.

In 2012 the attraction went on to have a major refurbishment, giving it a brand new look and features, some of the features include interactive tasting map and touch screen distillery guide.

The International Spirits Challenge was held in the venue for the first time and now it’s home to the world’s largest bottle of single malt Whisky.

Six years and £7 Million pound refurbishment finished in 2015 and a building corporate space was also updated.

Edinburgh The Scotch Whisky Experience

Tour Experiences

The Experience offers different Tours such as:

  • The Gold Tour
  • Morning Masterclass
  • The Platinum Tour
  • The Taste Of Scotland
  • The Silver Tour
  • Educational Tours

You can find out more information about each tour on their website: whiskyexperience

The Scotch Whisky Experience offer to enjoy the experience in 15 different Languages: Gaelic, English, French, German, Spanish, Dutch, Mandarin, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Polish, Czech, Hindi, Russian, Japanese.

Edinburgh The Scotch Whisky Experience

[su_box title=”Opening Hours”]

Monday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Tuesday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Wednesday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Thursday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Friday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Saturday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Sunday 10:00 AM – 6:00 PM


The Scotch Whisky Experience Awards:

  • Scottish Tourist Board (VisitScotland) – 5* Visitor Attraction
  • Distillery Experience Awards – ‘Best Educational Experience’ – Winner 2014
  • British Travel Awards – ‘Best Leisure Attraction’ – Bronze Medal 2014
  • Green Tourism Business Scheme – Silver
  • Icons of Whisky – ‘Best Whisky Attraction’ – Winner 2013
  • Association of Scottish Visitor Attractions –‘Scotland’s Best Visitor Attraction’ – Winner 2011

The Attraction is rated 5 stars, so it’s well worth going to and experiencing specially for whiskey lovers.

Map Location

Address: 354 Castlehill, Edinburgh EH1 2NE, UK

Scottish National Gallery

Scottish National Gallery

The National Galleries of Scotland located in Edinburgh and has exhibitions in three different location around the city: The Scottish National Gallery; The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and The Scottish National Portrait Gallery.

The Scottish National Gallery is located on The Mound in central Edinburgh, the building was designed by William Henry Playfair and first opened to the public in 1859.

The Museum houses the national collection of fine art, spanning Scottish and international art from the beginning of the Renaissance up to the start of the 20th century.The Gallery is one of Scotland’s top free visitor attractions.

You can find masterpieces from:

  • Raphael
  • Velázquez
  • Vermeer
  • Monet
  • Cézanne
  • Van Gogh

The collection is rightfully regarded as one of the very best in the world.

The most comprehensive part of the collection covers the history of Scottish painting. All the major names, including:

  • Ramsay
  • Raeburn
  • Wilkie
  • McTaggart

Scottish National Gallery

Official website: NationalGalleries.org

Map Location

Address: The Mound, Edinburgh EH2 2EL, UK

Coordinates: 55°57′3.24″N 3°11′44.38″W

Arthur’s Seat

Edinburgh Arthur Seat

Arthur’s Seat is the main top of the group of hills in Edinburgh, Scotland which shape most of Holyrood Park, described through Robert Louis Stevenson as “a hill for magnitude, a mountain in distinctive feature of its bold layout”.

It’s miles situated just to the east of the metropolis centre, about 1 mile to the east of Edinburgh fort.

The hill rises above the metropolis to a height of 250.5 m presents extremely good panoramic perspectives of the town and beyond, is noticeably smooth to climb, and is popular for hill-walking.

although it could be climbed from almost any direction, the very best and handiest ascent is from the east, where a grassy slope rises above Dunsapie Loch. At a spur of the hill, Salisbury Crags has traditionally been a mountaineering venue with routes of various levels of issue; but due to risks rock climbing is now restricted to the South Quarry and a unfastened allow is required.

it is now and again said that its call is derived from legends referring to King Arthur, consisting of the reference in Y Gododdin. some help for this will be furnished by means of several other hilltop and mountaintop capabilities in Britain which endure the identical or similar names, along with the height of Ben Arthur inside the western highlands, from time to time referred to as Arthur’s Seat, and Arthur’s Chair at the ridge known as Stone Arthur in the Cumbrian lake district.

Arthur’s Seat is the largest of the three parts of the Arthur’s Seat Volcano site of special scientific interest, the other Arthur’s Seat Volcano sites are the Calton Hill and the Castle Rock, where Edinburgh Castle sits on.

Arthur's Seat Edinburgh

Terrain: You may find some rough ground and the Arthur’s Seat is very steep and rocky.

Map Location

Edinburgh, Scotland

Coordinates 55°56′39″N 3°09′43″W

Museum of Scotland

Museum of Scotland

The National Museum of Scotland was formed with ‘New Museum of Scotland’ and Royal Museum in 2006, to bring collection of Scottish antiquities, culture and history, science and technology, natural history, and world cultures together.

The Royal Museum was built in 1861, and the more modern Museum of Scotland was completed in 1998.

The Museum underwent a major refurbishment that took three years and finally opened in July 2011, the project cost around £47 Million, which restored and extended the building.

The Leading Architect for this project was Gareth Hoskins and the concurrent redesign of the exhibitions by Ralph Appelbaum Associates.

National Museum of Scotland exhibition

[su_box title=”Opening Hours”]

Monday 10:00-17:00
Tuesday 10:00-17:00
Wednesday 10:00-17:00
Thursday 10:00-17:00
Friday 10:00-17:00
Saturday 10:00-17:00
Sunday 10:00-17:00

Christmas Day: Closed
Boxing Day: 12:00-17:00
New Year’s Day: 12:00-17:00



Category Price
Everyone Free
Donations welcome, Support  Museum

National Museum of Scotland shop


Address: Chambers St, Edinburgh EH1 1JF, UK

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress, positioned on the Castle Rock, and can be seen for miles and miles in any direction.

Since the reign of David I in the 12th Century, There has been a Royal Castle on the Castle Rock, The site continued to be a royal residence until 1633, During the 17th Century, it was mainly used as a military barracks with a large garrison.

Edinburgh Castle has been sieges around 26 times over it’s entire history and is known to be one of the most besieged place in United Kingdom and one of the most attacked in the world.

The oldest part of the castle is the St Margaret’s Chapel which dated back to the 12th Century. James IV Built the Great Hall around 1510, In the 16th Century the Half Moon Battery by Regent Morton and After the First world war the Scottish National War Memorial was established.

The Scottish Crown Jewels are located in Edinburgh Castle; the stone of destiny, the One O’Clock Gun and the 15th Century Gun Mons Meg.

Edinburgh Castle

Telephone: 0131 225 9846 | Official Website | Twitter | Instagram


The Castle has been kept in good shape over the centuries, Allowed access in the following areas:

  • Crown Square
  • The Crown Room
  • The National War Museum of Scotland
  • The Scottish National War Memorial
  • Mons Meg
  • The Great Hall
  • St Margaret’s Chapel and viewpoint
  • The National War Museum of Scotland
  • The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum
  • Museum of The Royal Scots and The Royal Regiment of Scotland
  • Restaurants and shops

The guided tours are provided by the castle stewards, in addition you can listen to the tours in eight different languages, which explain the history and architecture of the castle, Languages available:  English, German, Russian, Spanish, French, Italian, Mandarin and Japanese.

[su_box title=”Opening Hours”]

Monday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM
Tuesday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM
Wednesday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM
Thursday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM
Friday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM
Saturday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM
Sunday 9:30 AM–5:00 PM


Owner: Scottish Government
In use: Still in use today
Current commander: Col. Douglas J. Mackay
Function: Castle, Museum, Fortification

The summit of the Castle Rock is:130 metres (430 ft)

Rocky cliffs to the south, west and north, rising to a height of: 80 metres (260 ft)

Edinburgh Castle is Scotland’s most popular paid for tourist attraction.

Category Price
Adult (16 – 59 yrs) £17.00
Child (5 – 15 yrs) £10.20
Concession (60 yrs+ and unemployed)* £13.60
Children under 5 years Free


Map Location

Address: Castlehill, Edinburgh EH1 2NG, UK