The territory of present-day Bardejov has attracted settlers since the Stone Age. However, the first written reference to the town dates back to the 1240s, when monks from Bardejov complained to King Béla IV of Hungary about a violation of the town’s borders by Prešov.
Bardejov is situated in the Šariš region on a floodplain terrace of the Topľa River, in the hills of the Beskyd Mountains.
Bardejov is dominated by the monumental Church of St. Aegidius, mentioned for the first time in 1247.
The town consists of the following boroughs: Bardejov, Bardejovská Nová Ves, Bardejovská Zábava, Bardejovské Kúpele, Dlhá Lúka & Mihaľov.
The name Lida is derived from the name of the River Lidzeya. Its origin is associated with the Lithuanian name Lyda.
There are passing mentions of Lida in chronicles from 1180. Until the early 14th century, the settlement at Lida was a wooden fortress in Lithuania proper.
In spring 2001, the Jewish of Belarus worked closely with the residents of Lida to erect a memorial commemorating the thousands of Lida Jews that perished in the Holocaust.
Polish King Sigismund III Vasa granted Lida Magdeburg town rights in 1590, which were later confirmed in Warsaw by Kings Władysław IV Vasa in 1640 and Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki in 1670 and by the Polish Sejm in 1776.
The oldest written reference to the settlement of Zvolen existing below the castle is from 1243.
Zvolen remained the capital of Zólyom County until the 1760s.
In 1871-1872, two new railways were built and Zvolen became an important railroad hub and important industrial center.
The name Zvolen is of Slovak origin meaning “the chosen one, splendid, excellent”.
Zvolen has been inhabited since the Paleolithic.
The Estimated Population of Zvolen is 42,760.
Zvolen is a town in central Slovakia, situated on the confluence of Hron and Slatina rivers, close to Banská Bystrica.
Zvolen is a member of the Douzelage, a town twinning association of towns across the European Union, also twinned with: Imatra, Finland; Zwoleń, Poland; Prachatice, Czech Republic; Tótkomlós, Hungary & Rivne, Ukraine.
The total area of the Town of Zvolen is 98.727 km2.
In the Rákóczi’s War of Independence, the Kuruc army in the battle of Zvolen defeated the enemy forces from Austria, Denmark, Vojvodina and Hungary.
Martin lies at an altitude of 395 metres (1,296 ft) above sea level.
The city of Martin won the United Nations Public Service Award in 2011 in the category: Preventing and Combating Corruption in the Public Service.
The first recorded reference to Martin in written sources is dated to 1284 under the name of Vila Sancti Martini.
Martin is the ninth-largest city in Slovakia.
National Council of the Slovak Republic declared the city of Martin the centre of the national culture of the Slovaks on August 24, 1994.
The Estimated Population of Martin is 54,618.
Martin is surrounded by Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains.
In 1340, King Charles Robert granted the town the respective rights and the community became natural centre of Turčianske Valley, along Turiec-river, enclosed from both parts with afforested massifs of Small Fatra and Great Fatra Mountains.
Martin is the seat of the Slovak National Library and Slovak Matica.
Martin is a city in northern Slovakia, situated on the Turiec river, between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains.
Martin covers an area of 67.74 square kilometres (26.2 sq mi).
Martin lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons.
Martin is twinned with: Bački Petrovac, Serbia; Békéscsaba, Hungary; Fargo, United States; Gotha, Germany; Hoogeveen, Netherlands; Jičín, Czech Republic; Kalisz, Poland & Zheleznodorozhny, Russia.
Martin is home to the Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, which is one of three medical schools in Slovakia.
Martin Average annual temperature is around 7 °C (45 °F) and average annual rainfall is 750–860 mm.
Vitebsk developed from a river harbour where the Vićba River flows into the larger Western Dvina, which is spanned in the city by the Kirov Bridge.
Vitebsk is the capital city of the Vitebsk Region, in Belarus.
In June 1992, a monument to Chagall was erected on his native Pokrovskaja Street and a memorial inscription was placed on the wall of his house.
Vitebsk is Belarus’s fourth-largest city.
The official year of the founding of Vitebsk is 974, based on an anachronistic legend of founding by Olga of Kyiv, but the first mention in historical records dates from 1021, when Yaroslav the Wise of Kyiv gave it to Bryachislav Izyaslavich, Prince of Polotsk.
Vitebsk served by Vitebsk Vostochny Airport and Vitebsk Air Base.
The main universities of Vitebsk are Vitebsk State Technological University, Vitebsk State Medical University and Vitebsk State University named in honour of Pyotr Masherov.
In January 1991 Vitebsk celebrated the first Marc Chagall Festival.
The estimated Population of Vitebsk is 362,466.
In 1919, Vitebsk was made a part of the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia. Then it was transferred to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, In 1924, it was returned to Belarus.