Bari is in the Puglia region, it’s the capital city of that region and a port city located on the Adriatic Sea, it’s the second largest city in the south of Italy, after Naples, being a historic city with stunning buildings and sites, really gives it that roman look, this city is also popular with students.
Florence a beautiful city once a wealthy city, it has slowly became a famous tourist spot, with over 10 million people visiting the city every year, it’s the capital city of Tuscany region, known for its masterpieces of renaissance art and architecture.
Information and Statistics
Elevation 50 m
Area: 102.41 km2
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Official site: comune.fi.it
Florence is the Capital city of the region of Tuscany.
The people of Florence are called Florentines, or Fiorentino in Italian.
Utrecht is known as one of the oldest cities and has a rich history, being one of the most important cities in Netherlands, it is the pride and enjoy of a beautiful nation. The structures and architecture can be dated as far back as High middle ages.
The location of the city really gives it that advantage, located in a central position it is the hub of transport for both road and rail way transport.
The population of youth is also high, as University of Utrecht is the largest University in the Netherlands, and has a population of 40,000 students, making it a very vibrant city, with lots of opportunities.
Motto: “Sol Iustitiae Illustra Nos”
Facts and Figures
There are 12 archaeological national heritage sites.
1 Ogof Ffynnon Ddu Length (km) 60.644 | Vertical Range (m): 291 | Region: South Wales
2 Three Counties System Length (km): 86.619 | Vertical Range (m): 253 | Region: Northern Dales
3 Peak Cavern – Speedwell Cavern | Length (km) : 17.75 | Vertical Range (m):248 | Region:Peak District
4 Ogof Daren Cilau System Length (km) :28 | Vertical Range (m): 232 | Region:South Wales
5 Charterhouse Cave Length (km) : 5.218 | Vertical Range (m): 228 | Region: Mendip
6 Giants Hole – Oxlow Caverns Length (km) :5.12 | Vertical Range (m): 211 | Region: Peak District
7 Penyghent Pot Length (km) :5.2 | Vertical Range (m): 196 | Region: Northern Dales
8 Reyfad – Pollnacrom – Polltullybrack Length (km) : 6.7 | Vertical Range (m):193 | Region:Co. Fermanagh
9 Gaping Gill System Length (km) : 21 | Vertical Range (m): 192 | Region: Northern Dales
10 Wookey Hole Length (km): 3.66 | Vertical Range (m):182 | Region: Mendip
The Reigate Caves
The Chislehurst Caves
Wookey Hole Caves
Ogof Ffynnon Ddu
The Three Counties System
Blaenau Ffestiniog – Bounce Below
Blue John Cavern
Great Masson Cavern
Great Rutland Cavern
Thor’s Cave, Staffordshire
Treak Cliff Cavern
Manor Farm Swallet
St Cuthbert’s Swallet
Stoke Lane Slocker
Thrupe Lane Swallet
Location Croscombe, Somerset
Pridhamsleigh Cavern, Ashburton
Address: A38, Newton Abbot TQ13 7JJ Reed’s Cave
Bar Pot, Gaping Gill
Big Meanie (See Death’s Head Hole)
Coal Hole Entrance (See Short Drop Cave)
Death’s Head Hole
Disappointment Pot, Gaping Gill
Ease Gill Caverns
Eden Sike Cave, Mallerstang
Flood Entrance Pot, Gaping Gill
Great Douk Cave
Great Douk Cave
It’s a Cracker (See Lost Pot)
Long Churn Caves
Lost John’s Cave
Long Drop Cave
Marilyn, Gaping Gill (See Disappointment Pot)
Motley Pot, Gaping Gill (See Disappointment Pot)
New Goyden Pot
OBJ Pot, Gaping Gill (See Flood Entrance Pot)
Oddmire Pot (See Langcliffe Pot)
Rat Hole, Gaping Gill
Rat Hole Sink, Gaping Gill (See Rat Hole)
Rift Entrance (See Short Drop Cave)
Rumbling Beck Cave (See Rumbling Hole)
Short Long Drop Cave (see Long Drop Cave)
Short Drop Cave
Small Mammal Pot, Gaping Gill (See Bar Pot)
Stile Pot, Gaping Gill (See Bar Pot)
Stream Passage Pot, Gaping Gill
Stump Cross Caverns
Three Counties System
Wades Entrance, Gaping Gill (See Flood Entrance Pot)
White Scar Caves
Yordas Pot (See Yordas Cave)
Kirkdale Cave, North York Moors
Mother Ludlam’s Cave, Moor Park, Farnham, Surrey
Dog Hole Cave, Cumbria
Pate Hole, Cumbria
Slaughter Stream Cave, Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire
Location: Berry Hill, Forest of Dean, United Kingdom
Access: Gated. Key and permit required. Contact RFDCC Heathery Burn Cave, Stanhope, County Durham
Pen Park Hole, Bristol
Location: Southmead, Bristol, UK
Holi is an ancient Hindu Religious festival, the festival is celebrating the start of spring and the end of winter however it also celebrates the victory of good over evil, Holi is religious festival that Hindus father start of the night before Holi, perform rituals in front of the bonfire, and pray, so their internal evil is destroyed.
However in recent years this festival has been turned more in to a festival of colour and love, where people smear colored powder over each other and dance under water sprinklers and even use water balloons and water guns, it doesn’t matter who you are, you will be coated in colored powder by everyone.
The festival has spread and is now celebrated world wide, bringing people together.
Holi 2018 will begin in the evening of Thursday, 1st March and ends in the evening of Friday, 2nd March.
Facts & Information
In India all social divides are suspended during Holi, as people of all castes and ages celebrate the festival together.
Observances: Festival of Colors
Type of holiday: Religious celebration
Featured in religions: Hinduism
Traditionally gulals were made from flowers, spices and other natural substances, but now they are mostly synthetic.
Moisturising well before Holi can help prevent the gulal from staining the skin, although clothes are all but certain to be ruined.
Holi has it’s origin in India which marked the welcome of spring and end of Winter, and is a national holiday, celebrated across of all of India.
It is a festival of colors which symbolizes love and welcomes new beginning.
Holi brings people from all classes and background together thus removing signs of inequality.
Location of the Festival World Wide
Los Angeles Holi Festival isn’t as religious as it might of hoped to be but more of a music and art festival, not keeping with the routes and making more of a music festival with colour.
European first Holi Festival was held in METAXA Beach,Germany however it does keep to the traditional roots of the Indian festival but adding Music and Arts twist to it.
open-air festivals that use eco-friendly, safe, coloured powders, thrown in the air to express freedom and the colour of everyday life.
29th July, Festival of Colours in Wembley Park,London
In the Braj region of India, where the Hindu deity Krishna grew up
is a town located 20 kilometeres of Barcelona and celebrates the festival of colour but stays true to its origins with colour, white outfits, music and food.
Seville located in the southwest of Spain, is the capital city of Andalusia region, and is well known for its flamenco dancing.
Some major landmarks include the the Gothic cathedral where Christopher Columbus’s tomb is located at, Plaza de Toros de la Maestranza bullring, Alcázar castle complex, the Giralda tower for a spectacular view of the city and among other beautiful and unique buildings.
Legend says that Seville was founded by Hercules and is linked with an old tartessian civilization.
Statistics and facts
Seville has 11 districts, further divided into 108 neighborhoods
Average Yearly Temperature 25ºC (77ºF)
Geography Southwest Spain
Population Approx. 705,000
The town has a hot Mediterranean climate with more than 300 days of sun a year.
Seville is the fourth largest city in Spain.
Seville is home to Flamenco music
Seville is home to the famous Spanish bullfighting.
Two Roman Emperors were born in Seville, Trajan and Hadrian.
Sainte-Chapelle is one of the most renowned landmarks in Paris, its been around for over 700 years and has been a key religious and political influence, the chapel was first intended to house precious Christian relics and Christ’s Crown of thorns which was acquired by Saint Louis.
The chapel only took seven years and was styled in stunning stained glass, with 15 windows at each window being 15 meters high, the stunning glass panes tell the history of the world, which makes it one of the most extensive 13th century collection of stained glass in the world.
The Chapel suffered a number of damages specially during the French revolution and number of fires and a food however during the 1990’s the chapel undergone a number of restorations and a lot of the building that stands is really just a re-creation of the old building however nearly two-thirds of the windows are authentic.
Opened: 26 April 1248 (768 Years Old)
Designated as world heritage site: 1862 (154 years ago)
Architect: Pierre de Montreuil
Architectural styles: Gothic architecture, French Gothic architecture
Number of Seats: Main Hall: 200 Seats
Official Website: sainte-chapelle.fr/
The chapel, which now attracts more than 900,000 visitors a year but was also visited by Adolf Hitler in June 1940 during his only trip to the French capital.
The structure is 36 meters long, 17 meters wide, and 42.5 meters high.
Sainte-Chapelle was founded by King Louis IX of France
Address: 8 Boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris, France
The Basílica I Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família is currently under construction and is on its last stage of construction, it will take them approximately 144 years to complete this masterpiece, it’s a large Roman Catholic church and it will be the tallest religious structure in the world.
The construction of Sagrada Família started in 1882 by architect Francisco Paula de Villar, however, Gaudi took over in 1883 after Francisco resigned as the head architect.
Gaudi transformed the Sagrada Família with his own architectural and engineering style, with the combination of curvilinear Art Nouveau and Gothic forms, however in 1926 Gaudi died, with only a quarter of the project being complete, this is why the Sagrada Família needs to be completed in 2026 to coincide with Gaudi death, as it will be 100 years of his death.
The construction of this is only made possible by Private patrons funded the initial stages and money from tourists is now used to pay for the world, and private donations are accepted through the Friends of the Sagrada Famíliam, No support was made by any government or official church sources.
November to February
9:00 AM – 6:00 PM
9:00 AM – 7:00 PM
April to September
9:00 AM – 8:00 PM
9:00 AM – 7:00 PM
December 25th, 26th & January 1st and 6th
9:00 AM – 2:00 PM
Construction started: 19 March 1882
Completed estimation date: 2026-2028
Total number of years for it to be completed in 144 Years (estimate)
Height: 172 m
Number of Towers: 18 towers planned by Gaudí, However only eight are completed; four on the Nativity facade and four on the Passion facade.
Architectural styles: Art Nouveau, Modernisme, Noucentisme, Spanish Gothic architecture
Architects: Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano, Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Bonet I Garí, Mark Burry, Domènec Sugrañes I Gras, Francesc Cardoner, Francesc Quintana.
Gaudí disliked straight lines and angles because they don’t often appear naturally. Instead, he based his design on the swirling curves of nature.
Gaudí believed that no man-made object should be constructed higher than the work of God. This is why the tower is at 170 meters tall which is one meter less than the highest point in Barcelona, Montjuïc hill.
The Sagrada Familia has lights all around it, so at night, it glows a bright yellow/gold colour.
Sagrada Familia is the largest tourist attraction in Spain.
Address: Carrer de Mallorca, 401, 08013 Barcelona, Spain