FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT JEREZ DE LA FRONTERA
1. The City had a few names through out its history, started outas “Xeres” in Roman times and then became “Sherrish” under the Moorish rulers and finally ended up as “Jerez de la Frontera” in the 14th century because of its location, on the border of the Muslim and Christian ruled regions.
2. Jerez de la Frontera is well known for its horse breeding, the horses are a mixer of Arab, Spanish and English, known as the Andalusian horses.
3. Flamenco dance is a popular cultural feature of the city.
4. The English word for ‘Sherry’ comes from the 16th century pronunciation of Jerez.
5. Fortified wines was first exported to England from Jerez, dating back to the 14th century and in the 16th century a few British Catholics fled to Jerez and started up as wine traders.
6. Jerez de la Frontera is home to the Royal Andalusian School of Equestrian Art.
Before Italy was United and became the Italian Republic, Genoa was a republic that included the island of Corsica.
The World’s greatest explorer Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa in 1451 and donated part of his income from the discovery of the Americas to his hometown. His house stands as a Monument.
The People of Genoa are called Genoese.
List of some Famous Genoese people: Andrew Doria, Niccolò Paganini, and Giuseppe Garibaldi.
Europe’s first modern bank opened up in Genova.
The world’s oldest bank, the Banca Monte Dei Paschi Di Siena, dates back to the 12th Century. The first recorded public bond and foreign exchange contract happened in Genova, which dates back to 1150 and 1156.
Pesto was created in Genoa, locals call it Pesto alla Genoverse, which derived from the Genoese verb pesta, which means to ‘to Crush’.
The Worldest oldest Insurance company, the Tam Mari Quam Terra, was founded in Genoa in 1424.
The Golden age of Genoa was in the 16th Century.
Genoa has been a major seaport since the 12th Century.
The City of Jaén comes from the Moorish word ‘Geen’ or ‘Jayyan’, Which means stopping post of a Caravan route.
Jaén was a strategic position on the frontline between Christian Spain and Moorish Granada.
Within the Jaén’s Cathedral, behind the altar, is a religious artifact, a cloth, known as the cloth of the Holy Face, it was said that the cloth used by St Veronica to wipe Christ’s face, as he carried the cross to Golgotha.
The province of Jaén has more olive trees than any other province in Spain, over 40 million olive trees, the people of Jaén call it liquid gold.
The city motto is “Muy Noble y muy Leal Ciudad de Jaén, Guarda y Defendimiento de los Reynos de Castilla” which translates to “Very Noble and Very Loyal City of Jaén, Guard, and Defense of the Kingdoms of Castile”, a title that was given to the city by King Enrique II of Castile.
The highest point in the city is the hill of Santa Catalina.
Florence is the Birthplace of the Piano, Invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori in the 18th Century.
Gucci was founded in 1921 by Guccio Gucci in Florence.
Florence was the first city in Europe to have paved streets in 1339.
Florence is the Birthplace of Leonardo Da Vinci, who was born in the lower valley of the Arno River on the 15th of April 1452.
Florence is the Capital City of the Region of Tuscany.
Between 1865 and 1870, Florence was the Capital city of the United Kingdom of Italy.
The World’s most famous nurse, Florence Nightingale was born in Florence on the 12th of May 1820.
In the late 16th Century, Opera was Invented in Florence.
The people of Florence spoken Fiorentino, which was the Tuscan dialect and now the parent language of modern Italian.
The Legions of Giulio Ceasar founded the village in 59BC and named it Florentia, Now known as Florence.
The oldest church in Florence is the Basilica di San Lorenzo and burial place of the Medici Family.
Almost a third of the world’s art treasures reside in Florence, according to UNESCO,
The Salvatore Ferragamo Shoe Museum has thousands of pair of shoes on display, one of the oddest Museum.
“Il Duomo” of Florence took approximately 140 years to build.
8. Between the 13th and 18th centuries, lions were kept in a den in front of the Duomo for the amusement of the citizens and became the symbol of independence for Florence.
The Ponte Vecchio is the only bridge in Florence that survived World War II. Hitler stated that it’s too beautiful to destroy.
The Duomo in Florence is the 3rd largest in the world, only beaten by St.Peter’s Basilica in Rome and St. Paul’s in London.
The Medici family was once the richest family of Florence, they ruled the city for around 350 years, making their fortune themselves as bankers, businessmen, and art dealers as well as gaining political power.
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was the first state to abolish capital punishment in November 1786.
Florence has had two floods; one on November 4, 1333, and November 4, 1966.
London is the biggest city in the United Kingdom and Europe
London is formed by two former cities, City of London and City of Westminster, which now form the region of Greater London.
Over 12% of the British Population lives in London.
There are around 20 subterranean rivers flowing beneath London’s streets.
London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway.
The world’s first public zoo first opened in 1829 in London
London is the first city to host the Olympics three times (1908, 1948 and 2012)
It is illegal to die in the Houses of Parliament.
The Trafalgar Square Christmas tree comes from Norway. The tree represents gratitude to the people of England for their alliance in World War II.
All black cab drivers in London have to pass ‘the knowledge’ test to become a black cab driver. It requires you to learn 320 basic routes, all 25,000 streets within these routes and 20,000 landmarks within a 6 miles radius of Charing Cross.
Over 300 languages are spoken in London.
London Underground transports three million people a day.
London Underground escalators travel the equivalent of twice around the world, every week.
The Romans were the first to make London their home. Who named it Londinium.
The iconic tower is known as Big Ben, isn’t actually called Big Ben, its official name is the Clock Tower and Big Ben is the name of the Bell, within the Clock Tower.
More than half of the London Underground network, in fact, runs above ground.
London Underground was actually intended to terminate in Paris.
In 1986 London’s bakers apologised for the Great Fire of London…320 years after it happened.
London has more than 70 Billionaires, making it one of the richest cities in the world.
The last person to be executed at the Tower of London was German solider Josef Jakobs in 1941.
Until 1994 there were no “Road”s in the City of London, and now there’s only one, Goswell Road
London was now always known as London, before settling on the London, it was also known as “Londonium, Ludenwic” and “Ludenburg”.
London attracted over 16 million international visitors.
There are so many trees in London, that according to a UN definition of a forest, London can be classified as a forest.
Around 70% of all train journeys in England Start or Finish in London.
London was once the Capital city of six countries at the same time: Poland’s government in exile moved in then Norway, Belgium, Holland, and France, London was a safe haven for governments of the countries that Hitler had Invaded during World War II.
Traffic in central London moves at the same speed as horse-drawn carriages a century ago.
London tried to build a structure to surpass the Eiffel Tower in Height in 1891 however due to complications and the health and safety risk it was demolished in 1907.
Greater London area has more than 40% of Green Space.
Before the 1980’s any bank operating in the City of London had their office within a walking distance of the bank of England, if there was a crisis, the Governor of the Bank of England wanted to have Chief Executive of each bank within 30 minutes in his office.
Hitler had a plan to dismantle Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar Square and display it in Berlin.
During the World War II, The London Zoo killed all their venomous animals encase the animals escaped if the zoo was bombed.
London population dropped during World War II and only in January 2015, it reached its populations level before World War II happened.
A single parking space was sold in London for £400,000, in 2014.
Three of the top ten museums and galleries in the world are in London
The worlds first traffic signal was installed in London in 1868 but less than a month later it exploded and injured its policeman operator.
If you see a fox in London, don’t worry there are over 10,000 foxes living in London.
The Queen needs permission to enter the city of London. The Queen needs permission from the Lord Mayor. “The citizens of London, through the Corporation of the City, still retain their ancient privilege of being able to bar the Sovereign from entering their streets.”
There are over 1,000 bodies buried beneath the Aldgate station, known as the plague sit.
George Washington status in Trafalgar square doesn’t stand on English Soil but in fact, the soil was imported from the United States of America to go underneath the statue. Because George Washington once said, “Never again step foot on English Soil”.
Wilton’s Music Hall in the city is the world’s oldest surviving Music Hall, built in 1743.
London has 43 Universities.
Heathrow Airport is so named because the land it was built on was once a sleepy hamlet called Heath Row.
Richard the Lionheart introduced swans to Britain in the 12th century, from Cyprus. Mute Swans are owned by the Crown and can be found in some parts of the Thames.
London is twinned with Moscow, New York, and Berlin.
The Thames river is home to over 110 species of fish, as well as voles, eels, and otters.
St Thomas’ Hospital used to have seven buildings, one for each day of the week.
The City of London is actually one of the smallest cities in the U.K with a population of just over 7,000 residents.
Royal Navy ships entering the Port of London are still required by law to give a barrel of rum to the Constable of the Tower.
Henry III was given a polar bear by the King of Norway in 1251, The polar bear was kept in the Tower of London, on long chains so it could swim in the Thames and catch fish.