Flag of Åland Islands

Flag of Åland Islands

The flag of the Åland Islands was adopted in 1954, The Flag is blue with a red Scandinavian cross fimbriated yellow. The Swedish cross looks like the island’s ancient relationship with Sweden while the red-cross signifies its connotation with Finland.

Flag of Åland Islands
Flag of Åland Islands


Flag of Åland Islands Design and Colour Scheme

The flag of the Aland Islands is subjugated by the Nordic Cross. The flag mostly resembles the flag of Sweden however with a red cross defacing the yellow cross. The Swedish cross looks like the island’s ancient relationship with Sweden while the red-cross signifies its connotation with Finland.

The Flag consists of three colours:

  • Blue
  • Yellow
  • Red

All were borrowed from the Sweden and Finland country flags.

Brief History about the Flag of Åland Islands

Finland declared independence from Russia in 1917, the Åland islanders feared for their Swedish language and culture and mobilized for a reunion with Sweden. This resulted in Sweden, Russia and Finland to appeal to the United Nations, which decided in favour of Åland Islands Autonomy. In the early 1920s, Åland unofficially used a blue and yellow tricolour flag until it was banned in 1935 by the Finnish government. Later in 1952 new laws gave Åland the right to its own flag and a flag was proposed but was rejected by the President as it resembled the Swedish flag with a blue cross inside, however, the final design ended up being in the first proposed model with a red cross inside the represent Finland. 


Flag of Åland Islands
Flag of Åland Islands

Flag of Sri Lanka

Flag of Sri Lanka

Flag of Sri Lanka

The flag of Sri Lanka also known as the Lion Flag or Sinha Flag consists of a golden lion holding a kastane sword in its right fore-paw in a maroon background with four gold bo leaves, one in each corner. This is bordered by gold, and to its left are two vertical stripes of equal size in green and orange, with the orange stripe closest to the lion. The lion and the maroon background represent the Sinhalese, while the saffron border and four bo leaves represent Buddhism and the four Buddhist concepts of mettā, karuṇā, muditā and upekshā respectively. The stripes represent the two main minorities, with the orange representing the Sri Lankan Tamils and the green representing Sri Lankan Muslims.

The Flag of Sri Lanka was adopted in 1972. The first use of the current flag design was in 1948. The last change to the current Sri Lankan flag design was in 1972.

The flag of Sri Lanka
The flag of Sri Lanka



Symbol Represents
The Lion The Sinhala ethnicity and the strength of the nation
The bo leaves The four Buddhist virtues of loving-kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy and equanimity
The sword of the lion The sovereignty of the nation
The curly hair on the lion’s head Religious observance, wisdom and meditation
The eight hairs on lion’s tail The Noble Eightfold Path
The beard of the lion Purity of words
The handle of the sword The elements of water, fire, air and earth
The nose of the lion Intelligence
The two front paws of the lion Purity in handling wealth
Orange stripe The Tamil ethnicity
Green stripe The Moor ethnicity
Saffron border Buddhism and unity among the people
The maroon background

The Sinhala ethnicity


Flag of Sri Lanka
Flag of Sri Lanka

Flag of Yakutsk

Flag of Yakutsk

The flag of the Yakutsk in the Russian Federation, is one of the official symbols of the city. The flag of Yakutsk adopted 20, June, 1996.

The Flag consists of Five Horizontal Stripes: Blue, Red, White, Red, Green. There is a red rhombus in the centre of white stripe. Ancient wood tower of XVII century, in white colour, placed in the rhombus.

Each of the colours on the Flag stands for:

  • White Colour stands for the north.
  • Blue Colour Stands for the Sky.
  • Green Colour Stands for the Summer and Glass.
  • Red Colour Stands for life, Warmth and Gladness.
  • The Rhombus stands for the Native Land.
Yakutsk City Flag
Yakutsk City Flag
Flag of Yakutsk
Flag of Yakutsk

Flag of Lucerne

Flag of Lucerne

Flag of Lucerne

The Flag of Lucerne is divided Horizontally into equal parts White and Blue. Luzern was a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire since 1241. Lucerne joined the Swiss Confederation in 1332. The first documented evidence of the blue-white flag is from 1386, and a seal of 1354 shows the blue-white arms divided vertically.

The vertical division of the coat of arms has been explained as due to a gonfalon type of banner used by Lucerne, hung from a horizontal crossbar, which was also used as a flagstaff so that the flag was turned by 90 degrees when carried in battle.

Flag of Canton of Lucerne
Flag of Canton of Lucerne


Flag of Lucerne
Flag of Lucerne

Lyon Coat of Arms and Flag

Lyon coat of arms and flag crest

Lyon Coat of Arms

Lyon Coat of arms
Lyon Coat of arms

The coat of arms has a lion symbol and has been used on the seals of the city since the 13th century, it was granted to the city by King Philippe V in 1320, since then the coat of arms hasn’t been changed.

The Lion on the coat of arms stands for ‘courage and Strength’.

Since 1949 the city was granted the right to use the chain of the Légion d’honneur around the shield, Légion d’honneur is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte.

City Motto

“avant avant lion le melhor”, translates to “Before before the melhor”

Flag of Lyon

Flag of Lyon
Flag of Lyon

In the 13th century, the Merchant guilds revolted against the archbishop Count of Lyon and used the banner with a lion on it, to show their own strength and in 1320, the King of France, Philippe V forced Archbishop Pierre de Savoie to free Lyon and  later on the Province of Lyonnais was established and the Municipal banner of arms of Lyon, was granted to Lyon.

Official blazon:

“De gueules au lion d’argent; au chef cousu d’azur à trois fleurs de lis d’or.” translates to “Gules to the lion Argent; with a head stitched with azure three fleurs-de-lis of gold.”


Aberdeen Coat of arms and Flag

Aberdeen Coat of arms and flag

Aberdeen Coat of Arms

Aberdeen coat of arms

The coat of arms consists of three towers within a border, which are decorated with Fleur-de-lis, the three castle represent the three buildings that stood on the three hills of medieval Aberdeen, known as the Aberdeen Castle on the Castle Hill, the City gates on the Port Hill and a Chapel on St Catherine’s Hill. However only the Aberdeen Castle stands today and St Catherine’s Hill was levelled out.

There are two supporter leopards, one on each side, with their faces, facing towards the viewer, According to the Legends, the two beasts were granted by James I as a gesture of thanks to the burgh for underwriting his expenses while he was help captive in England.

The Motto on the coat of arms “Bon Accord”, means “Good Agreement” In French, It is said that its use dates back to the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th Century, When Robert the Bruce and his Soldiers laid siege to Aberdeen Castle and before destroying the castle in 1308 and taking back Aberdeen from the English.

The Coat of arms were granted on July 29th, 1996 however the city seals were about before the 15th century.


Flag of Aberdeen 

Aberdeen City Flag

The Flag of Aberdeen dates back to the 15th century if not before, with three towers represting the three hill tops of Aberdeen and decorated with fleurs-de-lis.







Lucca Coat of Arms and Flag

Lucca Coat of arms and Flag

Lucca Coat of Arms


Lucca Coat of arms
Lucca Coat of arms

Truncated silver and red. The coat of arms is surmounted by a marquis crown and is surrounded by a branch of oak and one of laurel knotted together by a red ribbon with white lines. In the ancient times, Lucca adopted the arms of the various Lords ruling the town (Pisa, Castracani, Spinola, Scaligeri etc.). When the Emperor Charles IV, in the year 1369, restored the autonomy of Lucca, the local council adopted the coat of arms. The coat of arms per fess white and red was called “balzana”, and keeps this name today.






Lucca Flag

Lucca Coat of Arms and Flag 1
Lucca Official Flag

The City and Province of Lucca adapted the Flag color and design from the Historic state of the Republic of Lucca, which lasted from 1160 to 1805 on the central Italian Peninsula. The Lucca flag consists of two equally broad stripes, the red one at the bottom and white one on top.The colors are of uncertain interpretation. The red is probably part Ghibelline, which Lucca joined in the first half of the eleventh century.







London Coat of Arms and Flag

Coat of arms and flag of London

London Coat of Arms

Coat of arms London
London Coat of arms

The Coat of Arms of the City of London is the Official coat of arms of London.

The City of London has a number of different shields on which the arms are displayed on and the crest is displayed on a helmet above the shield, supporters on either side and a motto displayed on a scroll beneath the arms.

  • Arms: Argent a cross gules and in the first quarter a sword in pale points upwards of the last.
  • Crest: on a Wreath Argent and gules a dragon’s sinister wing argent charged on the underside with a cross throughout gules.
  • Supporters: on both sides is a dragon Argent charged on the underside of the wings with a cross throughout gules.

The motto of the city is written in Latin “Domine dirige nos” which translates as “Lord, direct (guide) us”, the motto was recorded as early as of 1633.

a banner of the arms, which was designed on the shield, is flown as a flag of the city.

The very first time that the coat of arms appeared was on a seal from 1380, the sword has often been described as a dagger with which Sir William Walworth, who was the Mayor of London, Stabbed the rebel Wat Tyler on June 15th, 1381, it is also said that the sword was granted by King Richard III, as a reward for William Walworth’s services to the King. However, both of the stories have no historical evidence to prove them right.

The dragons on the crest appeared for the first time on an illustration in a book from 1633. The book also first mentions the motto “Domine dirige nos”, Book: The Survey of London by Stow.


Flag of London

Flag of London
Flag of London

The official flag of London is based on the original flag of England, however, unlike the England Flag, it has a cross of St George’s Cross, a white background with a red sword in the upper hoist canton, located on the top left side. It’s believed that the sword represents the sword that beheaded Saint Paul, who is the Patron saint of the city.

The tip of the sword always points upwards, which means when the flag is held on its side as a banner, the sword would point to face hoist and would be located on the left side as its hanging down.

The Flag does not represent Greater London area, Greater London does not have its own flag. only the historical city of London represents the flag and the banner of London.  which only covers 1 square mile.