20 Amazing Facts about Florence

Photographs of Florence, Italy

FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT FLORENCE

 

  1. Florence is the Birthplace of the Piano, Invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori in the 18th Century.

  2. Gucci was founded in 1921 by Guccio Gucci in Florence.

  3. Florence was the first city in Europe to have paved streets in 1339.

  4. Florence is the Birthplace of Leonardo Da Vinci, who was born in the lower valley of the Arno River on the 15th of April 1452.

  5. Florence is the Capital City of the Region of Tuscany.

  6. Between 1865 and 1870, Florence was the Capital city of the United Kingdom of Italy.

  7. The World’s most famous nurse, Florence Nightingale was born in Florence on the 12th of May 1820.

  8. In the late 16th Century, Opera was Invented in Florence.

  9. The people of Florence spoken Fiorentino, which was the Tuscan dialect and now the parent language of modern Italian.

  10. The Legions of Giulio Ceasar founded the village in 59BC and named it Florentia, Now known as Florence.

  11. The oldest church in Florence is the Basilica di San Lorenzo and burial place of the Medici Family.

  12. Almost a third of the world’s art treasures reside in Florence, according to UNESCO,

  13. The Salvatore Ferragamo Shoe Museum has thousands of pair of shoes on display, one of the oddest Museum.

  14. “Il Duomo” of Florence took approximately 140 years to build.

  15. 8. Between the 13th and 18th centuries, lions were kept in a den in front of the Duomo for the amusement of the citizens and became the symbol of independence for Florence.

  16. The Ponte Vecchio is the only bridge in Florence that survived World War II. Hitler stated that it’s too beautiful to destroy.

  17. The Duomo in Florence is the 3rd largest in the world, only beaten by St.Peter’s Basilica in Rome and St. Paul’s in London.

  18. The Medici family was once the richest family of Florence, they ruled the city for around 350 years, making their fortune themselves as bankers, businessmen, and art dealers as well as gaining political power.

  19. The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was the first state to abolish capital punishment in November 1786.

  20. Florence has had two floods; one on November 4, 1333, and November 4, 1966.

 

Florence Statistics and figures

Photos of Florence, Italy

Florence In Numbers

About

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Population 379,122 2014
Country Italy 2017
Region Tuscany 2017
Province Florence (FI) 2017
Time zone CET, UTC+1 2017
Dialing code 055 2017
Postal code 50100 2017
Patron Saint John the Baptist 2017
Coordinates 43°46′18″N 11°15′13″E / 43.77167, 11.25361 2017

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Gender Ratio 

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Population By Gender
Males 179,225 2016
Females 203,033 2016

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Age Distribution

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0-9 years 30,658 2015
10-19 years 31,099 2015
20-29 years 35,243 2015
30-39 years 48,202 2015
40-49 years 61,372 2015
50-59 years 55,154 2015
60-69 years 46,281 2015
70-79 years 40,470 2015
80+ years 34,329 2015

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Nationality

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Italian 322,614 2016
Foreigners 59,644 2016

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Crime reports:

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Theft reports 6,000 (per 100,000 residents) 2017
malicious damage 1,101 (per 100,000 residents) 2017

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 Temperature and Precipitation Per Month

[su_note note_color=”#650922″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Precipitation: the amount of rain, snow, hail, etc., that has fallen at a given place within a given period, usually expressed in inches or centimeters of water.[/su_note]

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Months Warmest Coldest Precipitation
January 10.1°C 1.4°C 9
February 12.0°C 2.8°C 8
March 15.0°C 4.9°C 8
April 18.8°C 7.7°C 9
May 23.4°C 11.3°C 8
June 27.3°C 14.7°C 6
July 31.1°C 17.2°C 3
August 30.6°C 17.0°C 5
September 26.6°C 14.2°C 5
October 21.1°C 10.0°C 7
November 14.9°C 5.5°C 10
December 10.4°C 2.4°C 8

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Palazzo Pitti

Palazzo Pitti

The Palazzo Pitti also known as the Pitti Palace, positioned on the south side of the River Arno, short distance walk from the Ponte Vecchio. The palace can be dated back to 1458 and was originally the residence of Luca Pitti, who was a Florentine Banker.

In 1549 the Famous Medici Family bought the Palace and become the chief residence of the ruling families of  the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

Napoleon in the late 18th century went on to use the palace as a power base, and later becoming a royal palace of the newly united Italy.

King Victor Emmanuel the third donated the palace and its belongings to the people of Italy in 1919.

Currently the Palazzo Pitti serves as the largest museum complex in Florence, 32,000 Square Meters and has been split into several principal galleries and museums.

 

List of Palazzo Pitti Rooms: List of Palazzo Pitti Rooms:
Room of Castagnoli Room of Prometheus
Room of the Ark Hall of Poccetti
Room of Psyche Room of Justice
Room of Ulysses Room of Iliad
Room of Saturn Room of Jupiter
Room of Mars Room of Apollo
Room of Venus White Hal

 

More…

The Royal Apartments: Includes 14 rooms
The Green Room was frescoed by Giuseppe Castagnoli in early 19th Century.
The Blue Room contains collected Furniture

 

palazzo pitti Inside

Museums housed in the  Palazzo Pitti:

The Palatine Gallery The Silver Museum
The Museum of Modern Art The Porcelain Museum
The Costume Gallery The Museum of Carriages.

 

Palazzo Pitti

The Boboli gardens date back to the 15th century, and until the 19th century the gardens had been worked on. That’s four hundred years of development and history all compacted in to this beautiful and stunning gardens.

Architectural style: Renaissance architecture

Height: 118′

Architects: Filippo Brunelleschi, Giorgio Vasari, Bartolomeo Ammannati

Type of Ticket Price
Full price € 11.50
Reduced € 5.75
Entry after 16.00 Full € 9,00
Entry after 16.00 reduced € 4,50
Free admission: children under 6 years old, disabled people and their helpers, authorized tour guides and leaders, teachers accompanying school groups, Firenze Card owners

 

palazzo pitti roof

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Location[/su_note]

Address: Piazza de’ Pitti, 1, 50125 Firenze FI, Italy

Uffizi Gallery

Uffizi Gallery

The Uffizi building which houses the Uffizi Gallery dates back to 1560, built by Giorgio Vasari for Cosimo I de’ Medici, to house the Granducal Magistratures of Tuscany.

Uffizi is one of the first modern museums which opened to visitors in 1765 and formally becoming a museum in 1865 and currently the most visited Gallery in Italy.

After the last remaining Medici family line died out, their collections of art work was gifted to the city of Florence and placed in the Uffizi Gallery.

Between the 16th and the 17th century, the Hall of Geographics Maps was built to dedicate the map of Medici Domains in places such as Florence, Siena and island of Elba and also a Mathematics Room which featured scientific instruments very innovative for the period.

The first few rooms introduce you to the 13th and the 14th Century style, art work from Giotto, Simone Martini and Gentile da Fabriano. As you explore the rest of the Gallery you find art work from artists such as:

  • Masaccio
  • Botticelli
  • Leonardo
  • Michelangelo
  • Raffello
  • Tiziano
  • Caravaggio

Uffizi Gallery

Architects: Giorgio Vasari, Bernardo Buontalenti, Alfonso Parigi the Elder

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Opening Hours[/su_note]

Day Hours
Monday Closed
Tuesday 8:15 AM–6:50 PM
Wednesday 8:15 AM–6:50 PM
Thursday 8:15 AM–6:50 PM
Friday 8:15 AM–6:50 PM
Saturday 8:15 AM–6:50 PM
Sunday 8:15 AM–6:50 PM

 

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Admission[/su_note]

Full price: € 6,50
Reduced: € 3,25

Free admission: Firenze Card owners, children under 6 years old, disabled people and their helpers, authorized tour guides and leaders, teachers accompanying school groups

The cost of the ticket may vary during special events or thematic exhibitions.

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Location[/su_note]

Address: Piazzale degli Uffizi, 6, 50122 Firenze FI, Italy

Uffizi Gallery

Ponte Vecchio Medieval Stone Bridge

Ponte Vecchio

The Ponte Vecchio is a medieval stone bridge, located over the Arno river, in Florence, the bridge connects the city centre with the district of Oltrarno.

Another name for The Ponte Vecchio is “Old Bridge”.

The old bridge dates back to 966 and was reconstructed in 1345 due to a flood which destroyed it, in the 16th century first art historian was responsible for the corridor above the bridge,  Giorgio Vasari, who credited the design of the bridge to the Florentine architect Taddeo Gaddi, who was a student of Giotto.

The bridge consists of three sentimental arches: the main arch has a span of 30 meters, the two other arches are side arches, each span 27 meters. The rise of the arches is between 3.5 and 4.4 meters.

However the Houses that were built on the bridge,were a common practice in large European cities during the Middle Ages.

In World War ll the German’s didn’t destroy the Ponte Vecchio bridge during their retreat from the advance of the liberating British 8th Army on August 4, 1944, unlike the other bridges in Florence.

When you visit the ‘old bridge’ you can enjoy a nice day out shopping you can find a number of Jewelry shops, ranging from affordable modern jewels to pricey antiques, art dealers and souvenir sellers.

the Ponte Vecchio Benvenuto Cellini
Statue of Benvenuto Cellini

You can also find a statue of Benvenuto Cellini, who was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier, musician, and artist who also wrote a famous autobiography and poetry.

About Benvenuto Cellini

  • Resting place:  Santissima Annunziata, Florence
  • Education: Accademia delle Arti del Disegno
  • Born: 1 November 1500
  • Died: 13 February 1571 (aged 70)
  • Movement: Mannerism

 

The Ponte Vecchio’s two neighboring bridges are the Ponte Santa Trinita and the Ponte alle Grazie.

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Architecture[/su_note]

Width: 32 metres (105 ft)

Longest span: 30 metres (98 ft)

Design type: closed-spandrel segmental stone arch bridge

Ponte Vecchio Medieval

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Location[/su_note]

Address: Ponte Vecchio, 50125 Firenze FI, Italy

Co-ordinates: 43°46′4.76″N 11°15′11.49″E

Galleria dell’Accademia di Firenze

Galleria dell'Accademia

The Galleria dell’Accademia di Firenze also known as Gallery of the Academy of Florence is an Art Museum located in Florence. It’s well known for the Michelangelo’s sculpture David, it was founded in 1784 by Pietro Leopoldo, who is the Grand Duke of Tuscany.

The Museum also has other sculptures by Michelangelo and a large collection of paintings by Florentine artists, most of the artwork within the museum are from 1300-1600

The “Museo degli strumenti musical” collection opened to the public in 2001. It includes musical instruments made by Bartolomeo Cristofori, Niccolò Amati  and Stradivarius.

This white-marble sculpture stands 5,17 meters tall and represents David before his fight with Goliath. The statue was sculpted between 1501 and 1504 in the Opera del Duomo’s workshop.

Records show during 2016 year, the museum had over 1,461,185 visitors, which made it the second most popular art museum in Italy.

Gallery of the Academy of Florence Gallery of the Academy of Florence Gallery of the Academy of Florence

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff”]Opening Hours[/su_note]

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Monday Closed
Tuesday 8:15 AM–6:20 PM
Wednesday 8:15 AM–6:20 PM
Thursday 8:15 AM–6:20 PM
Friday 8:15 AM–6:20 PM
Saturday 8:15 AM–6:20 PM
Sunday 8:15 AM–6:20 PM

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[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff”]Location[/su_note]

Address: Via Ricasoli, 58/60, 50122 Firenze FI, Italy

Co-ordinates: 43.77694°N 11.25873°E

Florence Cathedral

Florence Cathedral

Florence Cathedral is dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore and designed by  Arnolfo di Cambio and construction began in 1296 had finished in 1368, it took 72 years to build. The Cathedral is fully covered by coloured marbles except for the façade that remained unfinished and was terminated only in the 19th century.

A number of areas within the Cathedral were not finished, such as the Dome, which only the frame known as the Polygonal base was built.

One of the most remarkable features of the outside of the building is the socalled “Porta della Mandorla”, “della Mandorla” means almond, it was given this name due to the large aureole around the figure of the Virgin sculptured.

Few sculptures which were made for the cathedral have been moved to the Museo dell´Opera del Duomo.

Florence Cathedral Dome

The internal walls of the dome, which have recently been restored, were fresco between 1572 and 1579 by Giorgio Vasari.

Climbing to the top of the Dome can be one amazing experience, There are 463 steps to the highest point of the dome and the bottom floor are all completely different, the Dome is also the largest masonry structure in the world, weighing over 40,000 tons and standing over 10 stories high.

The archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence is currently Giuseppe Betori. (2017)

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Architecture[/su_note]

Construction started: September 9, 1296
Completed: 1436

Architects

  • Arnolfo di Cambio
  • Filippo Brunelleschi
  • Emilio De Fabris

Style

  • Italian Gothic
  • Renaissance
  • Gothic Revival

Florence Cathedral Interior

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Specifications[/su_note]

Length: 153 metres
Width: 90 metres
Nave width: 38 metres
Height: 114.5 metres
Floor area: 8,300 square metres
Materials: Marble, brick

[su_note note_color=”#000000″ text_color=”#ffffff” radius=”0″]Location[/su_note]

Address: Piazza del Duomo, 50122 Firenze FI, Italy

Co-ordinations: 43°46′23.1″N 11°15′22.4″E

Florence Cathedral Plan

Photographs of Florence

Isolatedtraveller Photographs of Florence

Florence a beautiful city once a wealthy city, it has slowly became a famous tourist spot, with over 10 million people visiting the city every year, it’s the capital city of Tuscany region, known for its masterpieces of renaissance art and architecture.

Information and Statistics 

Elevation 50 m
Area: 102.41 km2
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Official site: comune.fi.it
Florence is the Capital city of the region of Tuscany.
The people of Florence are called Florentines, or Fiorentino in Italian.

Photographs

Photos of Florence, Italy

Photos of Florence, Italy

Photos of Florence, Italy

Photos of Florence, Italy

Photos of Florence, Italy

Photographs of Florence 1

Photographs of Florence 2

Photos of Florence, Italy

Photos of Florence, Italy

Florence, Italy

Photographs of Florence, Italy

Florence, Italy

Florence, Italy

Photographs of Florence, Italy

Photographs of Florence, Italy

Location

 Florence, Italy

43°47′N 11°15′E