30 Informative Neuschwanstein Castle Facts

Neuschwanstein Castle Facts

Neuschwanstein Castle Facts

  1. Neuschwanstein Castle was built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria. He was also known as the “Fairytale King”.
  2. In 2012, the Neuschwanstein Castle appeared on a €2 commemorative coin.
  3. Ludiwg slept only 11 nights in the castle.
  4. Neuschwanstein’s highest tower reaches a height of 213 feet
  5. The designer of the castle was Christian Jank. He was not even an architect but a theatrical designer.
  6. The castle was one of the finalists in the selection of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
  7. Neuschwanstein welcomes almost 1.5 million visitors per year making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe.
  8. Neuschwanstein means “New Swan Stone”. The name of the castle derives from one of Wagner’s opera’s character, the Swan Knight.
  9. Construction of Neuschwanstein start in the Summer of 1868, but the first foundation stone wasn’t laid until September 5, 1869.
  10. Since 2015, Neuschwanstein and Ludwig’s Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee palaces are on the German tentative list for a future designation as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  11. it was built in the 19th century, and it served no defensive purposes.
  12. Neuschwanstein Castle is one of the most photographed buildings in the world, although photography is not permitted inside of the castle.
  13. Walt Disney was so inspired by its fairytale architecture, that he used it to create Cinderella’s castle in the 1950 cartoon film.
  14. Neuschwanstein Castle is a 19th-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau near Füssen in southwest Bavaria, Germany.
  15. The Legoland in Günzburg features a Lego replica of Neuschwanstein. The replica is located less than 150 away from the original.
  16. The castle was intended as a home for the king, until he died in 1886. It was open to the public shortly after his death.
  17. The castle was estimated to take 3 years to complete. 12 years to build.
  18. The bedroom in the castle is carved in the Neo-Gothic style. It is said that it took 4.5 years to build this room.
  19. In 1918, Bavaria became a republic, and Neuschwanstein has been managed by the Bavarian Palace Department.
  20. The Throne Hall with 20×12 metres is the 2nd largest room in the palace.
  21. The palace at the western end of the castle should have more than 200 rooms. However, only 15 rooms and halls were completed.
  22. Between the 5th and 15th centuries, three castles dominated the villages: Schwanstein Castle, Vorderhohenschwangau Castle, and Hinterhohenschwangau Castle.
  23. In the summer around 6,000 visitors a day stream through rooms that were intended for a single inhabitant.
  24. Hohenschwangau Castle took the place of the ruins of Schwanstein Castle, and Neuschwanstein Castle replaced the ruins of the twin Hohenschwangau Castles.
  25. Neuschwanstein Castle was completed in 1892.
  26. n 1874 Riedel was succeeded as chief architect by Georg von Dollmann, who in turn was succeeded by Julius Hofmann in 1886.
  27. The winter garden features a large sliding glass door.
  28. Neuschwanstein Castle was one of the most expensive castles ever made in Europe, with the construction cost reaching 7 million marks.
  29. There is no throne in the castle because the Throne Hall was not completed before Ludwig’s death.
  30. The castle has been heavily featured in the video game ‘The Beast Within: A Gabriel Knight Mystery’.
Neuschwanstein Castle Facts
Neuschwanstein Castle Facts

 

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20 Informative Brandenburg Gate Facts

Brandenburg Gate Facts

  1. Brandenburg Gate is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin.
  2. On December 21, 2000, the Brandenburg Gate was privately refurbished at a cost of US$3 million.
  3. A Soviet flag flew from a flagpole atop the gate from 1945 until 1957, when it was replaced by an East German flag. Since the reunification of Germany in October 1990, the flag and the pole have been removed. During the 1953 riots in East Berlin the Soviet flag was torn off by West Germans.
  4. After the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989, the gate became a symbol of unity.
  5. The Brandenburg Gate was not part of the old Berlin Fortress, but one of eighteen gates within the Berlin Customs Wall, erected in the 1730s, including the old fortified city and many of its then suburbs.
  6. Brandenburg Gate became the main venue for the 20th-anniversary celebrations of the fall of the Berlin Wall or “Festival of Freedom” on the evening of 9 November 2009.
  7. In 1990, the famous Quadriga statue on the top of the gate was removed as part of renovation efforts by East Germany.
  8. Built on the orders of Prussian king Frederick William II after the temporary restoration of order during the Batavian Revolution.
  9. In 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy visited the Brandenburg Gate. The Soviets hung large banners across it to prevent him looking into the East.
  10. The height of the Gate is 26 meters.
  11. Built according to the plans of Carl Gotthard Langhans from 1788 to 1791, the Brandenburg Gate is modelled on the Propylaeum of Athens’ Acropolis.
  12. The Brandenburg Gate is surrounded by the Adlon Hotel, and the embassies of the United States and France.
  13. On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler rose into power as Chancellor of Germany. A torchlight procession was done in Berlin to honor him and the Nazi Party, which passed through the gate going to the presidential palace.
  14. About one million people traditionally go to the Gate each year to celebrate New Year’s eve.
  15. The Brandenburg Gate is flanked by two small buildings, Haus Liebermann and Haus Sommer, which were built in the late 1990s by architect Josef Paul Kleihues to replace the pavilions that were destroyed during World War II.
  16. The gate has five passages. The central and widest one was reserved for the royals; the adjacent passages were for use of the aristocracy while ordinary citizens were only allowed to use the outer two.
  17. After Napoleon’s defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the quadriga was triumphantly taken back to Berlin, and was turned into a symbol of victory: an iron cross and eagle were added to the laurel wreath.
  18. In 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan gave his famous speech “Tear down this wall!” outside of the gate.
  19. In 1793, the gate was crowned by the Quadriga statue, designed by Johann Gottfried Schadow.
  20. The Brandenburg Gate was Berlin’s first Greek revival building.
Brandenburg Gate Facts
Brandenburg Gate Facts
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10 Informative Reichstag Building Facts

10 Informative Reichstag Building Facts

Reichstag Building Facts

  1. The Reichstag building was designed as a home to the parliament of the German Empire.
  2. The Neo-Renaissance building was designed by German architect Paul Wallot.
  3. Construction started 9 June 1884 and Completed 1894.
  4. On 2 May 1945, Yevgeny Khaldei took the photo Raising a flag over the Reichstag, which symbolized the victory of the USSR over Germany.
  5. In today’s usage, the German term Reichstag refers to the building, while the term Bundestag refers to the institution.
  6. The Reichstag dome has a 360-degree view of the surrounding Berlin cityscape. The dome is no longer open to anyone without prior registration.
  7. The Reichstag building attracts about 3 million people per year.
  8. The Reichstag’s dome and chamber were damaged in the fire, and then it was further destroyed during WWII. Repairs were finally completed in 1971.
  9. The building became the focus of the art world in June 1995 when it was wrapped in 100,000 square meters of silver fabric by the environmental sculptors Christo and Jeanne-Claude.
  10. During the 12 years of Nazi rule, the Reichstag building was not used for parliamentary sessions.
10 Informative Reichstag Building Facts
10 Informative Reichstag Building Facts

10 Informative Marienplatz Facts

Facts About Marienplatz

Informative Marienplatz Facts

  1. Marienplatz is a central square in the city centre of Munich, Germany.
  2. Marienplatz has been the city’s main square since 1158.
  3. Marienplatz was named after the Mariensäule, a Marian column erected in its centre in 1638 to celebrate the end of Swedish occupation.
  4. Today the Marienplatz is dominated by the New City Hall on the north side, and the Old City Hall on the east side.
  5. Three weeks before Christmas the Christkindlmarkt opens at Marienplatz and other squares in the city, selling Christmas goods and food and drink.
  6. The Old city hall (Altes Rathaus) was built between 1470 and 1480.
  7. The large column at the center of the square is known as the column of St. Mary. It was erected in 1638 to celebrate the end of the Swedish invasion.
  8. In 1807 Marienplatz’s market moved to the nearby Viktualienmarkt, but the square still continued to be the city’s focal point.
  9. At each corner of the column’s pedestal is a statue of a putti, created by Ferdinand Murmann. The four putti’s symbolize the city’s overcoming of war, pestilence, hunger and heresy.
  10. At 11, 12 and 17 o’clock each day, visitors can watch the famous Glockenspiel or carillon. The figures perform the Schäfferltanz or Cooper’s dance, which was originally performed in 1517 at the Marienplatz to commemorate the end of the plague.
Facts About Marienplatz
Facts About Marienplatz

 

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10 Informative Elbphilharmonie Hamburg Facts

Elbphilharmonie Hamburg Facts

  1. In 2007, the construction was scheduled to be finished by 2010 with an estimated cost of €241 million. In November 2008, after the original contract was amended, the costs for the project were estimated at €450 million. In August 2012, the costs were re-estimated to be over €500 million, which should also cover the increased cost for a strengthened roof. Construction work officially ended on 31 October 2016 at a cost of €866 million.
  2. The Elbphilharmonie was officially inaugurated with concerts of the NDR Elbphilharmonie Orchestra and a light show on 11 January 2017.
  3. On 2 April 2007, the foundation stone was laid in the warehouse Kaispeicher A, in the presence of then First Mayor of Hamburg Ole von Beust, Hochtief Construction AG CEO Henner Mahlstedt, Hochtief project coordinator Hartmut Wegener, Hamburg Minister of Culture Karin von Welck and architect Pierre de Meuron.
  4. The building is designed as a cultural and residential complex. The original 1966 brick façade of the Kaispeicher A, formerly a warehouse, was retained at the base of the building.
  5. Elbphilharmonie is a concert hall in the HafenCity quarter of Hamburg, Germany, on the Grasbrook peninsula of the Elbe River.
  6. Elbphilharmonie is the tallest inhabited building in Hamburg, with a final height of 108 metres.
  7. Elbphilharmonie is popularly nicknamed Elphi.
  8. German president Joachim Gauck, Chancellor Angela Merkel, Mayor of Hamburg Olaf Scholz, and architect Jacques Herzog attended the opening of Elbphilharmonie.
  9. The Facade of the Elbphilharmonie is made up of thousands curved glass windows.
  10. The structure has three concert halls: the Recital Hall, the Great Concert Hall and the Kaistudio.
10 Informative Elbphilharmonie Hamburg Facts 1
10 Informative Elbphilharmonie Hamburg Facts

10 Interesting Facts About Ohlsdorf Cemetery

Ohlsdorf Cemetery Facts

  1. Ohlsdorf Cemetery is the biggest rural cemetery in the world and the fourth-largest cemetery in the world.
  2. Ohlsdorf Cemetery in the Ohlsdorf quarter of the city of Hamburg, Germany.
  3. In 1877, the Ohlsdorf Cemetery was established as a non-denominational and multi-regional burial site outside of Hamburg.
  4. During World War I over 400 Allied prisoners-of-war who died in German captivity were buried here, as well as sailors whose bodies had been washed ashore on the Frisian Islands.
  5. Part of the cemetery are three plots of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, which were used as burial sites for British Commonwealth and Allied servicemen of both World Wars. There are more than 2473 identified casualties commemorated by the CWGC.
  6. The cemetery has an area of 391 hectares.
  7. Ohlsdorf Cemetery has 12 chapels, over 1.5 million burials in more than 280,000 burial sites and streets with a length of 17 km.
  8. Two hundred thirty gardeners take care of graves and all facilities.
  9. About 40% of all burials in Hamburg take place in Ohlsdorf Cemetery.
  10. Notable people buried at Ohlsdorf include the following: Helmut Zacharias (1920–2002), James Allen Ward (1919–1941), Herbert Weichmann (1896–1983), Gustav Hertz (1887–1975), Carl Hagenbeck (1844–1913), Neville Elliott-Cooper (1889–1918) & Wolfgang Borchert (1921–1947).
10 Interesting Facts About Ohlsdorf Cemetery 2
10 Interesting Facts About Ohlsdorf Cemetery

7 Interesting Chilehaus Facts

Chilehaus Facts

  1. Chilehaus is a ten-story office building in Hamburg, Germany.
  2. Chilehaus was designed by the German architect Fritz Höger.
  3. The sculptural elements in the staircases and on the facade were provided by the sculptor Richard Kuöhl.
  4. Chilehaus was built between 1922 and 1924.
  5. Chile House was built during the period of hyperinflation that struck Germany during the early 1920s.
  6. Chilehaus is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  7. The building hosts one of the few remaining working paternosters in the world.
7 Interesting Chilehaus Facts 3
7 Interesting Chilehaus Facts

8 Informative Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces Facts

Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces Facts

  1. Falkenlust hunting lodge was designed by François de Cuvilliés. In the style of the Amalienburg hunting lodge in the park of Nymphenburg Palace.
  2. The gardens were designed by Dominique Girard.
  3. shortly after World War II until 1994, Augustusburg was used as a reception hall for guests of state by the German President, as it is not far from Bonn, which was the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany at that time.
  4. In 1984, the two Brühl palaces, to­geth­er with their gar­dens and parks, were in­cluded in the list of UN­ESCO World Her­it­age Sites.
  5. The Au­gus­tus­burg and Falken­lust palaces in Brühl are two of Ger­many’s most im­port­ant ex­amples of Baroque and Ro­coco ar­chi­tec­ture, and served as mod­els for nu­mer­ous oth­er Ger­man courts.
  6. The two res­id­ences, Augustusburg and Falkenlust, are linked by an av­en­ue run­ning through the ex­tens­ive Palace Park.
  7. The construction of the palace began in 1725 on the ruins of a medieval moated castle, but it would take more than 40 years to complete.
  8. Augustusburg Palace and its parks also serve as a venue for the Brühl Palace Concerts.
8 Informative Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces Facts 4
8 Informative Augustusburg and Falkenlust Palaces Facts

20 Informative Facts About Cologne

Cologne Summary

A 2,000-year-old city spanning the Rhine River in western Germany is the region’s cultural hub. A landmark of High Gothic architecture set amid reconstructed old town, the twin-spired Cologne Cathedral is also known for its gilded medieval reliquary and sweeping river views.

Cologne was founded and established in Ubii territory in the 1st century AD as the Roman Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, the first word of which is the origin of its name. An alternative Latin name of the settlement is Augusta Ubiorum, after the Ubii. “Cologne”, the French version of the city’s name, has become standard in English as well.

Cologne is a major cultural centre for the Rhineland; it hosts more than 30 museums and hundreds of galleries. Exhibitions range from local ancient Roman archeological sites to contemporary graphics and sculpture. The Cologne Trade Fair hosts a number of trade shows such as Art Cologne, imm Cologne, Gamescom, and the Photokina.

City Councillors are elected for a five-year term and the Mayor has a six-year term. The city also has the most pubs per capita in Germany. The city has 70 clubs, “countless” bars, restaurants, and pubs.

Informative Facts About Cologne:

  1. It took 632 years to build the Cologne Cathedral. It’s the third-tallest cathedral in the world.
  2. People of Cologne and nearby have their own language. They call it Kölsch. During carnival time it even appears on nationwide broadcasts.
  3. Cologne has 31 museums.
  4. Cologne has 22 nature reserves, and 15% of its territory is covered in forests.
  5. The inner city of Cologne was completely destroyed during World War II. The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the 1950s while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.
  6. Cologne is the biggest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.
  7. Cologne was the hometown of Italian expatriate Johann Maria Farina, who created a fragrance and named it after the city. Eau de Cologne or “water from Cologne” is still famous the world over, and is still produced in Cologne today.
  8. The city was founded by the Romans in the year 50.
  9. The Population of Cologne is 1,108,000, as of 2019.
  10. The city is officially held to be Germany’s capital of carnivals.
  11. During the period of the persecution of witches (1435-1655), the city held 96 trials, with 37 of the accused women being burned at the stake.
  12. Cologne is twinned with: Barcelona, Spain; Berlin-Neukölln, Germany; Berlin-Treptow, Germany; Bethlehem, Palestine; Cork, Ireland; Cluj Napoca/Klausenburg, Romania; Corinto/El Realejo, Nicaragua; Esch-Sur-Alzette, Luxembourg; Beijing, China; Lüttich, Belgium; Liverpool, UK; Lille, France; Kyoto, Japan; Katowice, Poland; Istanbul, Turkey; Indianapolis, USA; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; Rotterdam, Netherlands; Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel; Thessaloniki, Greece; Tunis, Tunisia; Turin, Italy; Turku, Finland & Volgograd, Russia.
  13. Cologne is home to Germany’s largest and oldest university, the University of Cologne, founded in 1388. 
  14. Cologne becomes the first German city with a population of more than a million people to declare a climate emergency.
  15. Cologne’s largest daily newspaper is the Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger.
  16. Cologne’s tallest structure is the Colonius telecommunication tower at 266 m.
  17. Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich.
  18. The first urban settlement on the grounds of modern-day Cologne was Oppidum Ubiorum, founded in 38 BC by the Ubii, a Cisrhenian Germanic tribe. In 50 AD, the Romans founded Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (Cologne) on the river Rhine and the city became the provincial capital of Germania Inferior in 85 AD.
  19. In Cologne, you will find Germany’s only Palm Tree Alley (at Flora).
  20. Every year in July, Cologne hosts Germany’s largest high-altitude musical firework display – the “Cologne Lights” (“Koelner Lichter”).

 

20 Informative Facts About Cologne 5
20 Informative Facts About Cologne
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20 Interesting Cologne Cathedral Facts

Cologne Cathedral Facts:

  1. The cathedral has eleven church bells, four of which are medieval.
  2. In 1996, the cathedral was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of culturally important sites.
  3. In 2004 it was placed on the “World Heritage in Danger” list, as the only Western site in danger, due to plans to construct a high-rise building nearby, which would have visually impacted the site, However, In 2006 it was removed from the list of in Danger Sites, due to the limit the heights of building contrsucted near and around the cathedral.
  4. The Construction of the Cathedral began in 1248, and was not completed until 1880, with the assistance of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV, a mere 632 years later.
  5. The cathedral covers almost 8,000 square meters of floor space and can hold more than 20,000 people.
  6. Originally the cathedral was built to house the Three Wise Men’s shrine.
  7. The height of the northern tower of the Cologne Cathedral is 157,38 meters, while the height of the southern tower is 6 cm below that.
  8. The external length of the cathedral is 144,58 meters and the width is 86.25 meters.
  9. St. Joseph’s Catholic Church in Washington, D.C. was modeled after the cathedral.
  10. The Cologne Cathedral was the tallest building in the world between 1880 and 1884.
  11. The Cologne Cathedral is the third biggest church, built in the Gothic Architecture, only being beaten by The Silvelle Cathedral in Spain and the Milan Cathedral in Italy.
  12. Pope Benedict XVI visited the cathedral in 2005, as part of World Youth Day 2005 festivities. 
  13. The cathedral’s oldest stained-glass windows were crafted in the 13th century. More modern in style is an immense stained-glass window by the Cologne-based artist Gerhard Richter, completed in 2007 as a permanent replacement for 19th-century glass that was destroyed in World War II.
  14. The Cathedral towers for its two huge spires give the cathedral the largest façade of any church in the world. The choir has the largest height to width ratio, 3.6:1, of any medieval church.
  15. The Lady Chapel contains the Altar of the City Patrons, painted in 1442 by Stefan Lochner.
  16. The Cathedral was hit by 14 bombs during World War II, Lucky the building didn’t fall. 
  17. The building plan for the Gothic Cathedral was drawn up by master mason Gerhard of Reil, who modelled the new church on the cathedrals of Paris, Strasbourg and Amiens.
  18. Cologne Cathedral has two pipe organs by Klais Orgelbau: the Transept Organ, built in 1948, and the Nave Organ, built in 1998.
  19. As of 1 March 2017, authorities instituted a ban on large bags in the cathedral in light of recent terrorist attacks in the country.
  20. Cologne Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Cologne, Germany.
20 Interesting Cologne Cathedral Facts 6
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