Countries That Start With The Letter I

Countries That Start With The Letter I

There are eight countries with their name beginning with “I”. India has the largest population out of all countries with the letter “I” and Iceland has the lowest population. Out of the Eight countries that begin with the Letter I, Two are in Europe, One is in Africa, and Five are in Asia.

The following are countries starting with the Letter “I”

  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy

Countries that start with:

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Which Countries Start With the Letter I?

Iceland

Iceland, a Nordic island nation, is defined by its dramatic landscape with volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and lava fields. Massive glaciers are protected in Vatnajökull and Snæfellsjökull national parks. The island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the world’s oldest functioning legislative assemblies. Following a period of civil strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. Iceland thus followed Norway’s integration into that union, coming under Danish rule after Sweden’s secession from the union in 1523.


India

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. India has been a secular federal republic since 1950, governed in a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society. India’s population grew from 361 million in 1951 to 1.211 billion in 2011.


Indonesia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of more than seventeen thousand islands, including Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, and New Guinea. The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. The country’s capital, Jakarta, is the second-most populous urban area in the world.


Iran

Iran also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in Western Asia. Iran is a regional and middle power, with a geopolitically strategic location. ran covers an area of 1,648,195 km2, with a population of 83 million. It is the second-largest country in the Middle East, and its capital and largest city are Tehran. Iran’s political system combines elements of presidential democracy and an Islamic theocracy, with the ultimate authority vested in an autocratic “Supreme Leader”, a position held by Ali Khamenei since 1989.


Iraq

Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital and largest city are Baghdad. Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of 19 governorates, four of which make up the autonomous Kurdistan Region. The country’s official religion is Islam.


Ireland

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe. Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the field of literature. Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. 


Israel

Israel, a Middle Eastern country on the Mediterranean Sea, is regarded by Jews, Christians and Muslims as the biblical Holy Land. Its most sacred sites are in Jerusalem. During the first half of the 20th century, the land was controlled as a mandate of the British Empire from 1920-1948, having been ceded by the Ottomans at the end of the First World War. Not long after, the Second World War saw the mandate bombed heavily and Yishuv Jews serve for the Allies after the British agreed to supply arms and form a Jewish Brigade in 1944. 


Italy

Italy, a European country with a long Mediterranean coastline, has left a powerful mark on Western culture and cuisine. Its capital, Rome, is home to the Vatican as well as landmark art and ancient ruins. Around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union. Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the world’s eighth-largest economy by nominal GDP.

Controversial countries that start with the letter I

 

Countries that start with “I”: Population and Area

# Country Population Area (Km²)
1 India 1,380,004,385 2,973,190
2 Indonesia 273,523,615 1,811,570
3 Iran 83,992,949 1,628,550
4 Italy 60,461,826 294,140
5 Iraq 40,222,493 434,320
6 Israel 8,655,535 21,640
7 Ireland 4,937,786 68,890
8 Iceland 341,243 100,250

 

Countries That Start With The Letter I
Countries That Start With The Letter I

10 Interesting Ancient Rome Facts

Ancient Rome Facts

Ancient Rome Facts

  1. As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war.
  2. Packed with immigrating young men, the Romans needed female inhabitants and kidnapped Sabine women, sparking a war that ended with a truce and the two sides joining forces.
  3. The Circus Maximus, a huge stadium built for chariot races, could seat around 150,000 people.
  4. The native language of the Romans was Latin, but they often spoke Greek as well.
  5. When Julius Caesar took power he named himself dictator for life. However, this didn’t last long as he was assassinated a year later.
  6. The fall of Rome generally refers to the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It fell in 476 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire, or the Byzantine Empire, would rule parts of Eastern Europe for another 1000 years.
  7. The Romans believed in gods and goddesses who ruled over different areas of life.
  8. Life expectancy in ancient Rome was only 20 to 30 years, but they didn’t all die young.
  9. The wars between the Romans and the Persians lasted about 721 years. This constitutes the longest conflict in human history.
  10. During the 7th century BC, ancient Roman “Vestal Virgins” were required to keep their hymens intact as proof of virginity for 30 years.

More Facts About Rome

 Ancient Rome Facts
Ancient Rome Facts

Quick TimeLine of Ancient Rome:

753 BC: The “foundation of Rome”
509 BC: The creation of the Roman Republic
338 BC: The settlement of the Latin War
264–146 BC: The Punic Wars
The second and first centuries BC: the Hellenisation of Rome
67–62 BC: Pompey in the East
31 BC–AD 14: Augustus reintroduces monarchy to Rome
AD 235–284: the third century crisis
AD 312: Constantine converts to Christianity
AD 410: The fall of Rome

Explore Rome with Rome.net

23 Facts About the European Alps – Highest and most extensive mountain range in Europe

The Alps are split into six different regions: The Swiss Alps, The French Alps, the Austrian Alps, the Italian Alps, Bavarian Alps, and the Julian Alps.

The Aletsch Glacier with its 23 km length and 900 m depth is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Alps are home to some of the largest and most well-known ski areas in the world.

Facts About the European Alps

  1. The Alps formed about 65 million years ago.
  2. The mountains were formed as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided.
  3. The Alps are generally divided into the Western Alps and Eastern Alps.
  4. Grenoble is the biggest city in the Alps.
  5. The highest peak in the Alps is the Mont Blanc, at 4,809 meters (15,777 feet).
  6. Alps is the greatest mountain range in Europe.
  7. The Alps are more than 200 kilometres wide at their broadest point between Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, and Verona, Italy.
  8. 13,000 species of plants have been identified in the Alpine regions.
  9. The Alps are a habitat for 30,000 species of wildlife.
  10. Crystals are found throughout much of the Alpine region such as cinnabar, amethyst, and quartz.
  11. Humans have lived in the Alps since prehistoric times, 50,000 to 60,000 years ago.
  12. The Alps stretch from Austria and Slovenia in the east, through Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and Germany to France in the west.
  13. The Alps are just a part of a larger orogenic belt of mountain chains, called the Alpide belt. It reaches through southern Europe and Asia from the Atlantic Ocean most of the way to the Himalayas.
  14. A mummified man was found in the Alps at the Austrian/Italian border in 1991, said to be 5,000 years old.
  15. In the Alps, there are 82 official summits that are at least 4,000 m High.
  16. Cheese fondue is one of the best known Alpine dishes.
  17. The Alps maintain a permanent snow blanket over 2750 meters (9,000 feet) above sea level.
  18. The Alps mountain range is known to have Europe’s highest vineyards. They are at 1500 meters in height.
  19. In World War II, Adolf Hitler kept a base of operation in the Bavarian Alps throughout the war.
  20. White Friday occurred during the Italian Front of World War I when an avalanche struck an Austrian barracks on Mount Marmolada, killing 270 soldiers.
  21. around 120 million tourists visit the Alps every year.
  22. In the first World War, more than 50000 people were killed by the Alps avalanches.
  23. the Alps cover only 11% area of Europe, they provide more than 90% water to lowland Europe.

23 Facts About the European Alps - Highest and most extensive mountain range in Europe 1

20 Interesting Capri Facts

Facts About Capri

  1. The first people to settle on Capri were the ancient Greek ‘Teleboi.’
  2. The rocks which form the island date back to the Jurassic and Cretaceous eras, from 65 to 190 million years ago.
  3. The island has a population of 12,200 people, as of 2002.
  4. Capri is divided into two sections, the eastern section is known as Capri and the western section is called Anacapri.
  5. Porto Tragara on the island was once an ancient Roman port. The exact purpose of the port is not known.
  6. Frank Sinatra recorded a song about the island “Isle of Capri” on October 1, 1957, for his album ‘Come Fly with Me.’
  7. Capri is twinned with: Crosby, Merseyside, United Kingdom
  8. Capri is home to the Mediterranean bush, the Arboreal Euphorbia, and the Ilex Wood.
  9. Capri is part of the region of Campania, Province of Naples.
  10. The native inhabitants on the island include quails, robins, peregrine falcons, woodcocks, blackbirds, geckos, red goldfish, conger eels, sargos, groupers, mullets, and the blue lizard of the Faraglioni.
  11. Capri has twelve churches, seven museums, and several monuments
  12. Capri is a large, limestone and sandstone rock.
  13. The Caprese salad got its name from the island. It translates ‘the salad of Capri’.
  14. The highest point of Capri is Monte Solaro at 1,932 feet.
  15. Capri hosts a number of annual events, such as the Capri Art Film Festival, Festival of San Costanzo, international Folklore Festival.
  16. Today, Capri has become more of a resort and is visited by tourists during the summer months of July and August.
  17. Augustus’ successor Tiberius built a series of villas at Capri, the most famous of which is the Villa Jovis, one of the best-preserved Roman villas in Italy.
  18. The voters of the island elect representatives for the two municipalities on the island. The chosen representatives then choose two mayors to govern with them.
  19. The etymology of the name ‘Capri’ is unclear.
  20. During the 17th century, the bubonic plague arrived at the island, killing 300 people out of the 755 inhabitants that lived on the island. 

20 Interesting Capri Facts 2

6 Interesting Facts About The Royal Palace of Turin

Facts about the Royal Palace of Turin:
    1. The palace was the centre of the Savoyard royal court.
    2. In 1946, the palace was claimed by the Italian Republic and turned into a “Museum of the Life and Works of the House of Savoy”.
    3. In 1997, The Royal Palace of Turin was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list.
    4. Anne Marie d’Orléans died at the palace in 1728.
    5. The Royal Palace of Turin was originally built in the 16th century. Construction of the palace was ordered by the Regent Christina Maria in 1645.
    6. The royal gates of the palace have a golden Medusa symbol embossed on them, in order to fend off intruders.

6 Interesting Facts About The Royal Palace of Turin 3

15 Interesting Lugano Facts

Lugano Summary

Lugano is a city in southern Switzerland,  Its Swiss-Mediterranean mix of cultures is closely related to that of Italy’s northern Lombardy region, The shores of Lake Lugano have been inhabited since the Stone Age.  The ninth-largest Swiss city, it is the largest in Ticino and largest with an Italian speaking majority outside of Italy.

Lugano Facts

  1. The population is Italian-speaking and largely Roman Catholic
  2. Lugano was the first city in the world to host the Eurovision song contest in 1956.
  3. Lugano is a city of the district Lugano in the canton of Ticino in Switzerland
  4. Lugano is known as Luganum in Latin.
  5. The Canton of Ticino borders Italy and Italian is its official language.
  6. Locarno hosts the popular Film festival and Moon and Stars Music Festival in summer.
  7. Lugano lies at the edge of Lake Lugano.
  8. Lugano is the largest town in the region of Ticino, and one of the most important financial centers of Switzerland.
  9. Although it is not exactly clear when Lugano was founded, it has been proven that the territory surrounding the present-day city has been inhabited since the Stone Age, while the Romans settled in the area in the 1st century BC. However, the first mention of a settlement at the current location came in 724, when it appears to have been known as Luanasco and was a market town.
  10. The city’s coat of arms is dated from around 1200, which is around the time of the first records of the city being called Lugano.
  11. Local landmark Monte San Giorgio became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003.
  12. Lugano is the ninth-largest Swiss City & the largest in Ticino.
  13. Lugano is the largest Italian speaking majority outside of Italy.
  14. The Università Della Svizzera Italiana is the only Swiss University to teach in Italian.
  15. Lugano doesn’t have clearly set borders due to Historical development and cultural reasons.

15 Interesting Lugano Facts 4
Lugano Facts

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20 Milan Facts

Milan Summary

Milan is the capital city of the Lombardy Region, It’s known as one of the world’s four fashion capitals, The wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan. An estimated total population of 7.5 million, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy.

Milan Facts

  1. Milan is the second-largest Italian City, only just after Rome.
  2. In the 1500s Milan was ruled by the Spanish & later was ruled by the Austrians in the 1700s. 
  3. Milan has hosted the world’s fair in 1906 & in 2015.
  4. The first-ever Skyescaper built in Italy is the Pirelli Tower, located in Milan. 
  5. Milan has the most skyscrapers in Italy. 
  6. Milan is the capital city of the province of Milano and the regional capital of Lombardy. 
  7. The highest point of Milan is 122 meters above sea level. 
  8. Milan covers a total area of 70 square miles.
  9. Milan has the highest per capita income in Italy.
  10. Leonardo da Vinci invented the first water lock for the Milanese channel.
  11. Over 20% of the Milan population is made up of foreign immigrants.
  12. The Duomo di Milano is the largest Cathedral in all of Italy. 
  13. Mediolanum was founded by Insubres, a Celtic people. It was captured by the Romans in 222 BC.
  14. The Pinacoteca di Brera is one of the most important art galleries in all of Italy.
  15. Milan is the fashion capital of the world.
  16. The only stock exchange in Italy is located in Milan. 
  17. Two of the biggest Football Clubs are located in Milan, FC Inter and FC Milan. 
  18. Milan is considered to be the 12th most expensive city in the world.
  19. Milan is an English word that has been derived from the Lombard while it is called Milano in Italian.
  20. Milan was declared the capital of the Cisalpine Republic when Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Italy in 1796.
20 Milan Facts 5
Facts about Milan

20 Amazing Turin Facts

Summary About Turin

Turin is the capital city of Piedmont in northern Italy,  The Alps rise to the northwest of the city. Nearby is the soaring spire of the Mole Antonelliana, a 19th-century tower housing the interactive National Cinema Museum.The city has a population of 886,837 in the city proper. The urban area has 1.7 million inhabitants, while the metro area has an estimated population of 2.2 million

Facts About Turin

  1. Turin was made the first Capital city of a Unified Italy in 1861, however it was later moved to Florence in 1865 and Roma in 1870. 
  2. Turin is the fourth largest city in Italy, only just behind Naples, Milan and Rome.
  3. In Italian, Torino, Turin means little bull.
  4.  Turin is one of Italy’s most important industrial and communications centres.
  5. The University of Turin was founded in 1404
  6. Fiat Automobiles first car factory opened in Turin. 
  7. Turin is well known for its Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture.
  8. There are two major rivers in Turin, The Po & the Dora.
  9. Turin’s Egyptian Museum holds the largest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts outside of Cairo.
  10. Turin was founded pre-Roman times by the Taurini People.
  11. The 2006 Winter Olympics was hosted in Turin. 
  12. The Holy Shroud is located in Turin’s Duomo just off Piazza Castello.
  13. Turin hosted the 150th anniversary of the Italian Unification (In 2011). 
  14. Benedetto Carpano invented the Vermouth in Turn 1786.
  15. Prior to being the first Capital of Unifield Italy, Turin was the capital of Kingdom of Sardinia.
  16. Turin’s royal palace (Residences of the Royal House of Savoy)  is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  17. The incredible movie Italian Job was filmed in Turin. 
  18. The Royal Palace houses the Royal Armoury, with one of the finest collections of arms in Europe.
  19. Turin is the Capital of the Piedmont region of Italy.
  20. Turin is the birthplace of solid cholocate, it can be traced back to 1560. 
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20 Amazing Turin Facts 6

Republic of Italy Timeline

Republic of Italy Timeline

Italy is a sovereign state in Europe, situated in the heart of the mediterranean sea. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2. Shares open land borders with France, Austria, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and Slovenia.

Italy was certainly influenced by many powerful cultures and political forces over time, including the Byzantines, Etruscans and Greeks, but it was the world-changing impact of both the Roman civilization and the Italian Renaissance that contributed most-significantly to its status in the modern world.

Italy has the third largest nominal GDP in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world.  As an advanced economy, the country has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth and it is ranked third for its central bank gold reserve. Italy has a very high level of human development and it stands among the top countries for life expectancy.

Republic of Italy Timeline

1861
The Kingdom of Italy established excluding Rome, Venice, San Marino; King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia became King of Italy
1866
Italy obtained Venice from Austria
1870
Italian forces occupied Rome
1871
Rome named the capital of Italy
1915
Italy joined World War I on side of Allies
1918
Allies won World War I
1919
Gains Trentino, South Tyrol, and Trieste under peace treaties.
1922
Fascists took control of Rome; Benito Mussolini named Prime Minister
1925
benito mussolini Italian dictatorMussolini became Dictator of Italy
1929
Lateran Treaty creates the state of Vatican City.
1935
Italy invades Ethiopia.
1936
Mussolini formed anti-Communist Axis with Germany
1939
Albania annexed.
1940
Italy entered World War II as an ally of Germany
1941
Italy declares war on USSR.
1943
Italy surrendered to Allied forces; Mussolini forced to resign; Italy declared war on Germany
1944
Allied Armies liberated Rome
1945
Mussolini, who had been rescued from prison by Germans, is captured and executed by Italian partisans.
1946
Italians voted to end monarchy and established a republic
1947
Italy cedes land and territories under the peace treaty.
1951
Italy joins European Coal and Steel Community.
1952
Italy became a founding member of the European Economic Community
1955
Italy joined United Nations
1957
Founder member of European Economic Community.
1960
Olympic Games held in Rome

Olympic Games held in Rome

1966
Flood waters from Arno River in Florence damaged many works of art
1982
Italian Football team won World Cup in Spain
1984
Roman Catholicism lost status as the state religion of Italy
1986
338 Mafia members convicted of criminal activities
1990
World Cup held in Italy
1998
Italy joined the  European Union
1999
Italy adopted Euro as its currency
2002
Euro replaces the lira

Euro replaces the lira

2003
Multi-billion euros fraud at Parmalat food-manufacturing company exposed
2009
Earthquake in Abruzzo region killed over 300
2011
Italian women held nationwide anti-Berlusconi demonstrations
2014
The government takes full control of the troubled ILVA steel plant, based in Taranto in southern Italy.
2017
Veneto and Lombardy, two wealthy northern regions, vote overwhelmingly in favour of greater autonomy in non-binding referendums.
2018
Elections produce a hung parliament and ongoing efforts to form a government.

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Republic of Italy Timeline
Republic of Italy Timeline