Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

The country might be small but it holds a lot of history, fame and culture, don’t be surprised that the British accent changes every 16 miles. People who come over to the United Kingdom can find it hard to learn the quirks and idiosyncrasies and pronunciations, road rules and the drinking culture can be strange but its a lovely nation with lots of history to explore.

The United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is also the site of Neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge and birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles.

Entry Requirements

Your passport or identity card will be checked when you arrive at a UK port or airport to make sure you’re allowed to come into the country. It must be valid for the whole of your stay. More Information can be found at the UK Government website.

Passport Required Return Ticket Required Visa Required
The United States of America Yes No No
Canada Yes No No
British No No No
EU Yes No No
Other Countries Yes Yes Yes

Check if you need VISA to enter the United Kingdom

Safety and Security

Visiting the United Kingdom is fairly safe and really nothing to worry about. The United Kingdom benefits from low crime rates and very effective emergency services.

Visiting any public spaces, you will find a lot of CCTV cameras overlooking the public and if any crime did happen, you could easily report it to the police with no hassle and health care is free so no need to worry about injuring yourself.

Just use your common sense when visiting any country and respect the cultural and keep your belonging to yourself.

Best Time to visit the United Kingdom

London is most heavily touristed in the late spring and summer months when the weather is warm and kids are off school and during the December rush of shopping and seasonal activities. London can be visited at any time of year, as it has a mild climate and extreme weather is rare.

Northern Ireland has relatively warm temperatures, but wet and windy conditions. In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°- 18°C. Temperatures are highest between June and August and pleasant in April and September.

England boasts the warmest temperatures in the United Kingdom with July and August being the hottest months. summers rarely get very hot and the winters don’t get very cold, expect the weather to be between 11°-20° degrees on average.

Wales weather is similar to Northern Ireland, In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°C-17°C and 2°C-6°C during winter.

Scotland weather during June and August in the south of Scotland average between 11°-19°C and in the winter it’s between 1°C-7°C.


The United Kingdom has a number of languages, English is woken everywhere as the main language, however, some parts of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland Speak their own language: Welsh, Scottish and Irish. But don’t worry about learning the languages, English is spoken everywhere.

There are 11 indigenous languages spoken across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, and 3 Romance. Over 300 languages are currently spoken in London.

Travelling around the country

Travelling around the United Kingdom is fairly simple, just rent a car and you can go just about anywhere using the motorway to visit different cities and towns, London and Birmingham are only 2 and a half hours away, driving from the second city Birmingham to Scottish Capital Edinburgh will take you around 5 hours.

Britain’s National Rail network is one of the largest in the world and over 2,500 passenger railway stations on the National Rail Network not including the London underground, you can travel just about in the United Kingdom using the rail system. The Map below shows how far you can travel using the rail network.

Britain's National Rail network
Britain’s National Rail network ©Official National Rail Maps


The currency in the United Kingdom is the Pound sterling (£) which can be withdrawn from all ATMs. The United Kingdom is a safe place when it comes to fraud, so don’t worry about using ATM’s that are not installed inside a bank, however, we would still highly recommend using the ATMs at banks.

Scotland and Nothern Ireland Have their own currency “Scottish Pound” and ” Northern Ireland Pound” you can spend Scottish & Irish money anywhere in the UK as it is a legal tender denominated and backed by sterling, the currency of bank of England.

Places to avoid

Lewisham in South-East London has the highest murder rate in the country, so I would highly recommend not going there at night.

West Yorkshire is the most dangerous place to live in England and Wales.



Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom
Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

Reasons to visit London

London Reasons to visit

London is world renowned for its huge variety of restaurants, covering every nationality and culture from A to Z, London is filled with beautiful gardens, from royal gardens to small gardens tended to by volunteers. You can go to Buckingham Palace and see where the Queen lives. Great architecture, modern and historical living together side by side. A few of the World’s best museums and galleries are in London and nearly all of them are free!

London’s Cabbies have to go through a rigorous course called The Knowledge becoming a black cab driver which suggests they know London intimately and if you ask, they will even give you some sightseeing advice.

London’s skyline is as iconic as its own attractions and constantly changing with the most recent landmark being The Shard. South-bank on the coasts of the Thames is a superb place to spend a day, from the London Eye to the theatre, to galleries, it’s something for everyone. London’s West End is renowned for its fantastic range of top-class theatre plays and musical.

East London has a fantastic street art scene, take a tour and see a few of the ever-changing art. Be dazzled by the Crown Jewels and listen to stories from the Tower on tour made by the Yeoman Warders in the Tower of London. From gastropods to pubs that have been around for hundreds of years, if you do not visit a pub while in London, you are missing out on the local experience. Vintage garments, antiques, food, Bric-a-brac, fashion from up and coming designers: you name it, you will find it in London’s markets. London has many places to have fun, from the eclectic to the traditional.

London’s nightlife is not just about pubs and clubs, but we’ve great comedy clubs, music venues and rooftop lounges. There is plenty to do in the London part of it, like a Rib tour or a cruise to Greenwich where one can, in fact, Walk under it via a foot tunnel built by the Victorians and has been finished in 1902. Neighbourhood diversity, from pockets of luxury to multicultural areas, London is as varied as it gets.

Looking for Walk Tours in London? There are entire books with self-guided walking tours.

Here some of our favourite.

Reasons to visit London 1Reasons to visit London 2Lonely Planet Pocket London (Travel Guide)Reasons to visit London 3 Reasons to visit London 4Reasons to visit London 5DK Eyewitness Travel Guide LondonReasons to visit London 5 Reasons to visit London 7Reasons to visit London 8DK Eyewitness Travel Guide LondonReasons to visit London 5
Reasons to visit London the horse and groom pub
The horse and groom pub

The city’s pubs have always had heaps of atmosphere, food is now a major attraction too, using more than fifty Michelin starred restaurants along the largest selection of cuisines on the planet. The music, clubbing along gay along lesbian scenes are second to none, along mainstream arts are no less thrilling, with regular opportunities to catch outstanding theatre companies, dance troupes, exhibitions, and opera. London’s special atmosphere comes mainly from the life on its streets.

What is a holiday without shopping? For many visitors, this could be the number one thing to do. From the amazing London markets like Borough Market and Portobello Road to famous high-end shopping in Oxford Street, Bond Street, Kensington, and Knightsbridge, those towns have many to offer shoppers of all budgets. London is perfect for shopping.

London is a superb place to bring the family, from its historical heritage to its fantastic museums, there is something to keep them occupied for hours. From jazz clubs to the big names playing in the O2, to classical music at the Royal Albert Hall. If you are a music lover, you will find your favourites in London. London is full of icons, from the red London buses to Big Ben.

If you’re going to take in many of London attractions, the London Pass is probably worthwhile.

Visit the London City website where you can find a travel manual for London visitors. With top quality information, we’ll attempt to suggest best places to visit, such as London attractions, and what to do in the city and many other fascinating things. Section Tips is very helpful for first time London or UK visitors.

What is a holiday without shopping? For many visitors, this could be the number one thing to do. From the amazing London markets like Borough Market and Portobello Road to famous high-end shopping in Oxford Street, Bond Street, Kensington, and Knightsbridge, those towns have many to offer shoppers of all budgets.

The Dorchester hotel LondonWhere To Stay In London

Nearby places to stay as cheap as possible, budget under £100/$100/€100:

  • Church Street Hotel, the Spanish-American-style boutique hotel is in Camberwell, with easy access by bus to central London, 10 minutes’ walk from Denmark Hill Overground Station, and a 12-minute bus ride from Oval Tube Station. Southwark is a great choice for travellers interested in city walks, monuments and culture. Check Price
  • Astor Victoria Hostel offers accommodation in central London, There are both private and dormitory style rooms with bunk beds available. Buckingham Palace and Westminster Abbey are both 1 miles away from Astor Victoria, while Big Ben is a 25 -minute walks away. Check Price
  • Dockside Hotel is only a 2-minute walk from Shadwell Station. All of London’s highlights including Buckingham Palace, London Eye and the Olympic Stadium in Stratford City are half an hour travel, Tower Hamlets is a great choice for travellers interested in city trips, monuments and sightseeing. Check Price

Nearby places to stay at the mid-range prices, budget price of £200 – £400:

  • Hilton London Tower Bridge, In the heart of London, Hilton London Tower Bridge has a striking modern exterior and is located just a 5-minute walk from Tower Bridge and opposite The Shard. London Bridge Train Station is a 3-minute walk away and offers access to London’s attractions via the Northern and Jubilee Lines. Canary Wharf, the O2 Arena, and Westminster are all easily accessible. King’s Cross St Pancras Station can be reached in 15 minutes on the Northern Line. Shakespeare’s Globe is within a 10-minute walk. Check Price
  • The Rubens at the Palace offers accommodation ideally located in London, within a short distance of Buckingham Palace, St James’s Park and Westminster Abbey. Houses of Parliament is 0.7 miles from the apartment, while Big Ben is a 14-minute walk away. Check Price
  • The Curtain offers accommodation in London, 550 yards from Hoxton Square. The hotel has a year-round outdoor pool and terrace, and guests can enjoy a meal at the restaurant. Brick Lane is 650 yards from The Curtain, while Sky Garden is 0.9 miles from the property. Check Price

Nearby luxury hotels, budget price over 400+:

  • Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park, London overlooks Hyde Park and Knightsbridge. Knightsbridge Tube Station is a 2-minute walk away. With 8 treatment rooms, the spa and wellness centre has a state-of-the-art gym and a 20 yards swimming pool. The Mandarin Oriental Hyde Park is within a 5-minute walk of Sloane Street, Harrods, and Harvey Nichols. The Royal Albert Hall is 15 minutes’ stroll away and South Kensington’s famous museums are also nearby. Check Price
  • Claridge’s presents sophisticated 5-star luxury in the heart of Mayfair. Spacious, luxurious, and sumptuously furnished, each room at Claridge’s boasts a luxury marble bathroom and peaceful views of the courtyard. With its glass columns and juice bar, Claridge’s airy, modern gym is located on the 6th floor, while the luxurious treatment rooms offer relaxing spa and beauty therapies. Hyde Park is less than a 10-minute walk from Claridge’s, while the famous, bustling shops of Oxford Street and Bond Street are only 3 minutes’ walk away. Check Price
  • The Dorchester, Michelin-Starred restaurant and boutique bedrooms, The Dorchester features a landscaped terrace and famous tearooms. The exclusive hotel overlooks Hyde Park and is situated in prestigious Mayfair. The sumptuous 5-star rooms all feature an Italian-marble bathroom with fluffy bathrobes. All rooms also have scenic views over Hyde Park or the hotel’s terraces. Check Price

Visiting London? We have other posts that you may enjoy that will be helpful on your trip.

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Discovering London’s Street Food Markets

Discovering London’s Street Food Markets

Recently we discovered London’s street food markets, London is well known for its overpriced housing and luxury restaurants however the street food markets are buzzing full of people wanting quality food for only a small fee, most street foods are family owned and offer something you wouldn’t find anywhere else, with different cuisines from Chinese, Vietnamese to Indian and Levantine, London really is the cultural capital of Europe, especially when it comes to food.

We’ve tried and tasted all the Street Food Markets on this list but remember your taste buds might be different to ours however if you enjoy food, you will definitely enjoy our list.

Due to the nature of the street foods markets and vendors, they are usually pop-ups and relocated at short notice, however, we will provide you with all the information possible about each vendor, so you can try the delicious food for yourself.

Our Favourite Food Markets in London

Black Bear Burgers

Discovering London's Street Food Markets 10We start off with Black Bear Burgers one of the best and most established vendors on this list, Black Bear Burgers was created by Liz and Stew, Wife and Husband, In 2016. After spending two years in Whistler, Canada they decided to come back home to England and moved to London, they set up a street food stall which focused on quality Beef Burgers, they now run a successful business with customers coming all around London to taste their quality Burgers.

They are based in Boxpark Shoreditch, shipping container complex next to the Overground station. you can find other vendors around the Container Complex, however, we highly recommend trying Black Bear Burgers.

Opening Hours

Tuesday’s to Saturday’s 12:00 PM – 10:00 PM
Sunday’s to Monday’s 12:00 PM – 9:00 PM

You might find Black Bear Burgers around the city doing occasional events, always keep an eye out. 

| Official Website | Telephone: 07774 326621 | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram |


Shrimp Up Your Life

Discovering London's Street Food Markets 11

Shrimp up Your Life began in 2013 and slowly spread across London, specialling in Seafood they bring the Scandinavian and British Flavours together to really give you a wonderful experience, its what they call a “Seafood Journey”. Shrimp up your life shows you how good tasting food can be healthy and versatile.

Opening Hours

South Bank Centre Food Market
Friday & Saturday 12:00 PM – 8:00 PM
Sunday 12:00 PM – 6:00 PM
Broadway Market
Saturday 10:30 PM – 6:30 PM

| Official Website | Telephone: 07597 516681 | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram |

Nazari Food

Discovering London's Street Food Markets 12

Nazari began in 2016 when they completed their 1974 Peugeot J7 Van and caterer for special occasions such as private parties, weddings, and street food at KERB Camden Market, they even have their own premium quality organic single variety olive oil, made in Granada, Andalucia. Nazari offers the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern food.


| Official Website | Telephone: 07 720847974 | Facebook | Twitter |

The Cheeky Indian

The Cheeky Indian
The Cheeky Indian

The Cheeky Indian is a creation of Ash, Who spent a day a week at Jamie Olivers Barbecoa Restaurant, gaining experience and later was offered a position running and a managing street food concept for the Restaurant, after a full years, Ash decided to start up the Cheeky Indian, cooking traditional Indian food with a unique style.

Opening Hours and Location

Every Friday 11:00 AM – 2:30 PM
Every Tuesday 11:00 AM – 2:30 PM
Last Tuesday of the Month 11:00 AM – 2:30 PM
Every other Saturday 10:00 AM – 4:00 PM


| Official Website | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram |

LemLem Kitchen

LemLem Kitchen london
LemLem Kitchen london

LemLem Kitchen is inspired by the culture and favours of Asmara, the capital city of Eritrea, the city is well known for its unique blend of Italian, Mediterranean and Middle Eastern food, the LemLem Kitchen brings a new type of food style and culture to London, which can be enjoyed by everyone, you can find the restaurant at Netil Market and try out the modern and classic African food. highly recommended to try the Afro- Tacos with Fries, you be wanting seconds.

Opening Hours

Saturday  12:00 PM – 5:00 PM


Address: 13 – 23 Westgate Street, London E8 3RL

| Official Website | Twitter |


If you have a favourite street food location, let us know and spread the word.

Evolution of London Piccadilly Circus

Evolution of London Piccadilly Circus

Piccadilly Circus built in 1819, is a road junction and a public space connecting the Regent Street with Piccadilly, you can find a world-famous statue of Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain, which is used as a popular meeting point and a beautiful location used to take photographs.

Piccadilly Cirus is surrounded by major tourists attractions, including the London Pavilion, Criterion Theatre and the Shaftesbury Memorial as well as a number of Bars and Restaurants located nearby.

over the years the Piccadilly Circus changed as new eras begun a new age of motor transport took over and the roads of Piccadilly Circus changed later becoming a popular tourist location as advertisement boards started to appear and later becoming digital boards that are popular with tourists wanting to take photographs.

How Piccadilly Circus Changed over the years: 1900 – 1953

Evolution of London Piccadilly Circus
Evolution of London Piccadilly Circus

How Piccadilly Circus Changed over the years: 1983 – 2018

Evolution of London Piccadilly Circus
Evolution of London Piccadilly Circus

How to get there

Address: Piccadilly Circus, London W1D 7ET

  • By Bus: Piccadilly Circus via bus routes 12, 453, 94, 3, 12, 88, 159, N3, N109 and N136.
  • By Train: The nearest station is Charing Cross, which is an 11-minute walk away.
  • By Tube: Piccadilly Circus can be accessed via the Piccadilly and Bakerloo lines.
  • By Car: the nearest car parks are located on Arlington Street and Brewer Street.


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Palace of Westminster

Palace of Westminster

The Palace of Westminster is the Assembly place of the Home of Commons and the Home of Lords, this two houses of this Parliament of this U. Commonly known as this Houses of Parliament following its occupants, the Palace is located on the north shore of the River Thames in the City of Westminster, in central London. Its name, which is derived in the Arabian Westminster Abbey, may refer to both constructions: the Old Palace, a center ages construction complicated destroyed from a fire in 1834, and its replacement, this New Palace which stands today. The first royal palace was constructed on the website from this 11th century, and Westminster was this main home of the King’s of England until the fire destroyed much of this complicated in 1512.

The earliest existing part of this Palace dates from this reign of William I’s heir, King William II. The Palace of Westminster has been the monarch’s principal residence from the late Medieval period. Though Westminster formally remained a royal palace, it has been used by both Houses of Parliament and by a variety of royal law courts. The Commons obtained a permanent home in this Palace in St Stephen’s Chapel, this former chapel of this royal palace, during this reign of Ed VI. In 1547 the construction became available for the Commons usage following the dissolution of St Stephen’s College.

The Palace of Westminster as a whole started to see significant alterations from the eighteenth century onwards, as Parliament struggled to carry on its business in this limited available space and aging buildings. An Independent Options Appraisal Report released in June 2015 found which this cost to restore this Palace of Westminster could cost up to £7.1 billion if MPs stay at the Palace while works take place. View from across this Thames in this morning. Sir Charles Barry’s collaborative design for this Palace of Westminster uses this Perpendicular Gothic style, that was popular throughout the fifteenth century and returned throughout the Gothic revival of the nineteenth century.

Barry’s New Palace of Westminster has been rebuilt utilizing the sandy colored Anston limestone. Originally named The King’s Tower since the fire of 1834 that destroyed the Old Palace of Westminster happened throughout this reign of King William IV, this tower was a necessary part of Barry’s original design, or that he intended it to be this most memorable element. St Stephen’s Tower is positioned in this center of this west front of this Palace, between Westminster Hall and Old Palace Yard, and houses this public entrance to this Houses of Parliament, known as St Stephen’s Entrance. Old Palace Yard, in front of this Palace, can be paved over and covered at concrete security blocks. From New Palace Yard, access may also be accumulated To the Speaker’s Court and the main entrance of the Speaker’s House, based in this pavilion at this northeast corner of this Palace.

The Palace of Westminster is the oldest royal palace in London and a World Heritage site, One of the worlds most recognized building.


Palace of Westminster 13
Westminster Palace Robing Room Photography by flickr user: UK Parliament

Telephone: 020 7219 3000 | Official Website |

How to get there

  • By Car: if you are traveling by car meter parking is limited and you are subject to the congestion charge. Best to find parking outside the area and travel in.
  • By Bus: Buses stop near Parliament Square in Victoria Street.
  • By Train: Visitors traveling on the London Underground can use the District, Circle or Jubilee lines to get to Westminster station.
  • By Coach: Coach drivers can stop briefly on Abingdon Street, after the entrance to Victoria Tower Gardens.
  • By Cycling: Members of the public cannot bring bicycles into the parliamentary estate. Public bicycle racks are a short distance away outside 7 Millbank.
  • By Foot: If you’re traveling by foot, you can access Parliament by Westminster and Waterloo bridges

How to get there: information gathered from parliament.uk

Opening Hours

Monday 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Tuesday 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Wednesday 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Thursday 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Friday 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM
Saturday Closed
Sunday Closed

Facts and Information

Area 112,476 m2 (1,210,680 sq ft) (internal)
Built 1016
Demolished 1834
Rebuilt 1840–70
Architectural style(s) Perpendicular Gothic Revival
Owner Queen Elizabeth II in right of the Crown
Listed Building Grade 1

More Photography’s

Palace of Westminster 14
Palace of West Minister Photography by flickr user: David McKelvey
Palace of Westminster 15
Palace of Westminster
St Stephens Entrance Photography By flickr user:Nick Garrod



Address: Westminster, London SW1A 0AA

Coordinates 51°29′57″N 00°07′29″W


British Museum

The British Museum situated in the Bloomsbury area of London, Museum opened on 15th of January 1759 and was the world’s first national Museum to be open to the public, anyone can visit the museum and look at strange and wonderful objects that were collected from all over the world and now has a collection size of over 8 million objects, you can find objects from all the continents and documents that tell a beautiful story of human cultures from its beginnings to the present.

The Montagu House has been home to the British Museum since its opening, over the two and a half centuries it has expanded due to the expanding British colonization, which resulted into creation of several branch institutions, one of the first was the British Museum of Natural history in South Kensington in 1881 however it is now called Natural History Museum and separated from the British Museum.

The British Library Act 1972 detached the library department from the British Museum, however, it continued to host the currently split British Library in the exact same Reading Room and construction as the memorial until 1997. The memorial is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, Media and Sport, and as with other national museums in the United Kingdom, it charges no admission fee, except for advance exhibitions. When the British Museum was started in 1759 it was the first national museum to be available to the public everywhere in the world.

In the past few decades, there were campaigns by other states who desire a few of their historical treasures returned. Nevertheless, the British Museum remains among the world’s most popular attractions.

The most recent issue was regarding the Elgin Marbles, and who has the legal right to own it. A campaign was made by Greece to have the sculptures return to Athens to allow all the surviving sculptures to be reunited.

The galleries are divided by location and periods in history: Ancient Iran, Greece, China from 5000 BC onwards, Ancient Rome Britain and so forth and in case you are overwhelmed with the choice, follow one of the free 20 second spotlight tours directed by the guides each Friday, or check out one of the free displays dedicated to a particular theme or works of art. There are daily free activities for children, too, such as crafts, action paths and digital workshops, ideal when there is a homework project that has to be fired by inspiration.

Before entering the British Museum you may get searched especially if you are caring big luggage, due to security reasons rucksacks, packages, and individual items can be searched. Wheeled cases and large items are not allowed on British Museum assumptions. You can store luggage and other items inside any major rail station, such as Euston, King’s Cross and Charing Cross.


British Museum in London
Photography by flickr user: Paul J


Telephone: 020 7323 8299 | Official Website | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram

How to get there

  • By Bus: Bus Services that go near the British Museum: 1, 8, 19, 25, 38, 55, 98, 242 Stop on New Oxford Street, 10, 14, 24, 29, 73, 134, 390 stop near Northbound on Tottenham Court Road and 59, 68, X68, 91, 168, 188 sop near Southampton Row.
  • By Bike: There are bike racks inside the Museum gates on Great Russell Street.
  • By Car: The Museum is within the Congestion Charge zone. More Information about the Congestion Zone
  • Underground Stations: nearest stations are Tottenham Court Road and Holborn, 500meters away, Russell Square and Goodge Street, 800 meters away.
  • By Coach: Coach parties are advised to use the metered parking on Montague Place.
  • By Foot: The British Museum is 20 minutes away from the Trafalgar Square and 52 minutes away from The Shard by foot.

Special Exhibitions

Living with gods: peoples, places, and worlds beyond

  • 2 November 2017 – 8 April 2018

Scythians: Warriors of Ancient Siberia

  • 14 September 2017 – 14 January 2018

Free Exhibitions

A physician’s cabinet: Sir Hans Sloane’s practices of collecting and cataloguing and Sidney Nolan centenary: Back of beyond

  • Until 11 January 2018

On violence and beauty: Reflections on war

  • Until 21 January 2018

The business of prints

  • Until 28 January 2018

Living histories: Recent acquisitions of works on paper by contemporary Arab artists

  • Until 4 February 2018

The currency of communism

  • Until 18 March 2018

British Museum is a Free Museum however special Exhibitions are priced differently depending on the exhibition

Opening Hours

Monday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Tuesday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Wednesday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Thursday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Friday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Saturday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM
Sunday 10:00 AM – 5:30 PM

Museum has a collection size of around 8 Million objects.


More Photography’s

British Museum London
Photography by flickr user: Dirk Sachsenheimer
British Museum London
Photography by flickr user:Celine Zheng
British Museum 16
Photography by flickr user: Patrick Lauke
British museum
Photography by flickr user: vincenzo vacca


Address: Great Russell St, Bloomsbury, London WC1B 3DG


50 Amazing Facts about London


  1. London is the biggest city in the United Kingdom and Europe

  2. London is formed by two former cities, City of London and City of  Westminster, which now form the region of Greater London.

  3. Over 12% of the British Population lives in London.

  4. There are around 20 subterranean rivers flowing beneath London’s streets.

  5. London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway.

  6. The world’s first public zoo first opened in 1829 in London

  7. London is the first city to host the Olympics three times (1908, 1948 and 2012)

  8. It is illegal to die in the Houses of Parliament.

  9. The Trafalgar Square Christmas tree comes from Norway. The tree represents gratitude to the people of England for their alliance in World War II.

  10. All black cab drivers in London have to pass ‘the knowledge’ test to become a black cab driver. It requires you to learn 320 basic routes, all 25,000 streets within these routes and 20,000 landmarks within a 6 miles radius of Charing Cross.

  11. Over 300 languages are spoken in London.

  12. London Underground transports three million people a day.

  13. London Underground escalators travel the equivalent of twice around the world, every week.

  14. The Romans were the first to make London their home. Who named it Londinium.

  15. The iconic tower is known as Big Ben, isn’t actually called Big Ben, its official name is the Clock Tower and Big Ben is the name of the Bell, within the Clock Tower.

  16. More than half of the London Underground network, in fact, runs above ground.

  17. London Underground was actually intended to terminate in Paris.

  18. In 1986 London’s bakers apologised for the Great Fire of London…320 years after it happened.

  19. London has more than 70 Billionaires, making it one of the richest cities in the world.

  20. The last person to be executed at the Tower of London was German solider Josef Jakobs in 1941.

  21. Until 1994 there were no “Road”s in the City of London, and now there’s only one, Goswell Road

  22. London was now always known as London, before settling on the London, it was also known as “Londonium, Ludenwic” and “Ludenburg”.

  23. London attracted over 16 million international visitors.

  24. There are so many trees in London, that according to a UN definition of a forest, London can be classified as a forest.

  25. Around 70% of all train journeys in England Start or Finish in London.

  26. London was once the Capital city of six countries at the same time: Poland’s government in exile moved in then Norway, Belgium, Holland, and France, London was a safe haven for governments of the countries that Hitler had Invaded during World War II.

  27. Traffic in central London moves at the same speed as horse-drawn carriages a century ago.

  28. London tried to build a structure to surpass the Eiffel Tower in Height in 1891 however due to complications and the health and safety risk it was demolished in 1907.

  29. Greater London area has more than 40% of Green Space.

  30. Before the 1980’s any bank operating in the City of London had their office within a walking distance of the bank of England, if there was a crisis, the Governor of the Bank of England wanted to have Chief Executive of each bank within 30 minutes in his office.

  31. Hitler had a plan to dismantle Nelson’s Column in Trafalgar Square and display it in Berlin.

  32. During the World War II, The London Zoo killed all their venomous animals encase the animals escaped if the zoo was bombed.

  33. London population dropped during World War II and only in January 2015, it reached its populations level before World War II happened.

  34. A single parking space was sold in London for £400,000, in 2014.

  35. Three of the top ten museums and galleries in the world are in London

  36. The worlds first traffic signal was installed in London in 1868 but less than a month later it exploded and injured its policeman operator.

  37. If you see a fox in London, don’t worry there are over 10,000 foxes living in London.

  38. The Queen needs permission to enter the city of London. The Queen needs permission from the Lord Mayor. “The citizens of London, through the Corporation of the City, still retain their ancient privilege of being able to bar the Sovereign from entering their streets.”

  39. There are over 1,000 bodies buried beneath the Aldgate station, known as the plague sit.

  40. George Washington status in Trafalgar square doesn’t stand on English Soil but in fact, the soil was imported from the United States of America to go underneath the statue. Because George Washington once said, “Never again step foot on English Soil”.

  41. Wilton’s Music Hall in the city is the world’s oldest surviving Music Hall, built in 1743.

  42. London has 43 Universities.

  43. Heathrow Airport is so named because the land it was built on was once a sleepy hamlet called Heath Row.

  44. Richard the Lionheart introduced swans to Britain in the 12th century, from Cyprus. Mute Swans are owned by the Crown and can be found in some parts of the Thames.

  45. London is twinned with Moscow, New York, and Berlin.

  46. The Thames river is home to over 110 species of fish, as well as voles, eels, and otters.

  47. St Thomas’ Hospital used to have seven buildings, one for each day of the week.

  48. The City of London is actually one of the smallest cities in the U.K with a population of just over 7,000 residents.

  49. Royal Navy ships entering the Port of London are still required by law to give a barrel of rum to the Constable of the Tower.

  50. Henry III was given a polar bear by the King of Norway in 1251, The polar bear was kept in the Tower of London, on long chains so it could swim in the Thames and catch fish.


London Coat of Arms and Flag

Coat of arms and flag of London

London Coat of Arms

Coat of arms London
London Coat of arms

The Coat of Arms of the City of London is the Official coat of arms of London.

The City of London has a number of different shields on which the arms are displayed on and the crest is displayed on a helmet above the shield, supporters on either side and a motto displayed on a scroll beneath the arms.

  • Arms: Argent a cross gules and in the first quarter a sword in pale points upwards of the last.
  • Crest: on a Wreath Argent and gules a dragon’s sinister wing argent charged on the underside with a cross throughout gules.
  • Supporters: on both sides is a dragon Argent charged on the underside of the wings with a cross throughout gules.

The motto of the city is written in Latin “Domine dirige nos” which translates as “Lord, direct (guide) us”, the motto was recorded as early as of 1633.

a banner of the arms, which was designed on the shield, is flown as a flag of the city.

The very first time that the coat of arms appeared was on a seal from 1380, the sword has often been described as a dagger with which Sir William Walworth, who was the Mayor of London, Stabbed the rebel Wat Tyler on June 15th, 1381, it is also said that the sword was granted by King Richard III, as a reward for William Walworth’s services to the King. However, both of the stories have no historical evidence to prove them right.

The dragons on the crest appeared for the first time on an illustration in a book from 1633. The book also first mentions the motto “Domine dirige nos”, Book: The Survey of London by Stow.


Flag of London

Flag of London
Flag of London

The official flag of London is based on the original flag of England, however, unlike the England Flag, it has a cross of St George’s Cross, a white background with a red sword in the upper hoist canton, located on the top left side. It’s believed that the sword represents the sword that beheaded Saint Paul, who is the Patron saint of the city.

The tip of the sword always points upwards, which means when the flag is held on its side as a banner, the sword would point to face hoist and would be located on the left side as its hanging down.

The Flag does not represent Greater London area, Greater London does not have its own flag. only the historical city of London represents the flag and the banner of London.  which only covers 1 square mile.


London Statistics

London stats

London Statistics. London In Numbers

Housing Gap

  • There has been an increase of 540,000 households in London over ten years but only 430,000 new homes built.

London Overground

  • There are 83 stations on the London Overground.

The Tube

  • There are 270 stations on London’s tube network covering a total route of 402km (250 miles).

London’s busiest station

  • Waterloo is London’s busiest railway station with around 82 million passengers per year.

Cost of services

  • Between them, London’s 33 councils will spend about £15.6 billion on providing services such as education, public health, social care, waste management, housing and culture in 2013/14

Population of London

Population  2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
London  7,825 Million 8.3 Million 8.41 Million 8.5 Million 8.674 Million 8.788 million

Business Districts

London has five major business districts: the City, Westminster, Canary Wharf, Camden & Islington and Lambeth & Southwark.

Business District Office Space m2  Business Concentration
City of London 7,740,000 Finance, broking, insurance, legal, fund managers, banking
Westminster 5,780,000 Head offices, real estate, private banking, hedge funds, government
Camden & Islington 2,294,000 Creative industries, finance, design, art, fashion, architecture, media
Canary Wharf 2,120,000 Banking, media, legal
Lambeth & Southwark 1,780,000 Accountancy, consultancy, local government

Number of people working in the city of London

UK business register and employment survey







City of London: Total employment

454,700 413,500 391,200 400,800 388,600

Tower Hamlets: Total employment

277,400 260,000 254,200 240,400 237,700

Westminster: Total employment

724,700 702,100 693,400 666,300 644,200

City of London: Financial services

164,000 161,600 147,600 159,300 155,000

Tower Hamlets (Canary Wharf): Financial services

72,400 67,900 72,400 72,600 74,600

Greater London: Financial services

362,100 356,100 343,600 360,000 357,900

Great Britain: Financial services

1,025,400 1,037,400 1,022,000 1,045,500 1,051,900


London Business Enterprise Births and Deaths in 2015


Enterprise Births

Enterprise Deaths

Net Start-ups rate

Inner London 55,295 30,785 8.5%
 – Inner West 27,985 16,270 7.3%
 – Inner East 27,310 14,515 10%
Outer London 45,625 26,045 7.7%
 – Outer West 20,240 12,170 6.9%
 – Outer East 15,410 7,945 9.9%
 – Outer South 9,975 5,980 6.6%
Greater London 383,075 252,040 8.1%

Source: ONS business demography 2015.

Commuting from outside London to inner London, by occupation, in 2015

Those who work in inner London, in lower skill jobs and lower pay jobs are less likely to travel from outside London to get to their work place.


Proportion of total commuters

from outside London to Inner London

Proportion of Inner

London Workforce

Managers, directors and senior officials 20.4% 14.4%
Professional occupations 30.7% 27.1%
Associate professional and technical occupations 25.4% 21.1%
Administrative and secretarial occupations 9.9% 10.1%
Skilled trades occupations 6.0% 6.0%
Caring, leisure and other service occupations 1.2% 5.2%
Sales and customer service occupations 1.9% 5.5.%
Process, plant and machine operatives 2.2% 3.1%
Elementary occupations 2.5% 7.4%

Source: ONS Annual Population Survey

Sources of funding for Transport for London in 2017-18

Grants: 25%

Fares: 47%

Other Incomes: 11%

Borrowing and Cash Reserves: 17%

Source: Transport for London Budget 2017-18

Religion In London

London has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. Statistics year 2011.

Religion  In Numbers In Percentages %
Christian 3,957,984 48.42%
No religion 1,694,372 20.73%
Muslim 1,012,823 12.39%
Religion not stated 692,739 8.47%
Hindu 411,291 5.03%
Jewish 148,602 1.82%
Sikh 126,134 1.54%
Buddhist 82,026 1.00%
Other religion 47,970 0.59%

Note: Isolated Traveller will keep updating this post as regulary as possible, adding new statistics and information.