Countries That Start With The Letter P

Countries That Start With The Letter P

There are ten countries with their names beginning with ‘P’. Pakistan has the largest population out of all countries with letter “P” and Palau has the lowest population.

The following are countries starting with the Letter “P”

  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Palestine State
  • Poland
  • Portugal

Which Countries Start With the Letter P?


Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. It has the world’s second-largest Muslim population. It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast.


Palau, officially the Republic of Palau and historically Belau, Palaos or Pelew, is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. The country contains approximately 340 islands, and together with parts of the Federated States of Micronesia, forms the western chain of the Caroline Islands. Its area is 466 square kilometres. The most populous island is Koror. The capital Ngerulmud is located on the nearby island of Babeldaob, in Melekeok State. Palau shares maritime boundaries with international waters to the north, Micronesia to the east, Indonesia to the south, and the Philippines to the west.


Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country’s 4 million people.

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a country in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is the world’s third-largest island country with 462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi)


Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Although one of only two landlocked countries in South America, the country has coasts, beaches and ports on the Paraguay and Paraná rivers that give exit to the Atlantic Ocean through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway.


Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. At 1.28 million km2, Peru is the 19th largest country in the world and the third-largest in South America.


The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest.

Palestine State

Palestine, recognized officially as the State of Palestine by the United Nations and other entities, is a de jure sovereign state in Western Asia claiming the West Bank and Gaza Strip with Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative centre is currently located in Ramallah. The entirety of territory claimed by the State of Palestine has been occupied since 1948, first by Egypt and Jordan and then by Israel after the Six-Day War in 1967. Palestine has a population of 5,051,953 as of February 2020, ranked 121st in the world.


Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of nearly 38.5 million people, Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland’s capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.


Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. The official and national language is Portuguese.

Controversial countries that start with the letter P


Countries that start with “P”: Population and Area

# Country Population Area (Km²)
1 Pakistan 220,892,340 770,880
2 Philippines 109,581,078 298,170
3 Poland 37,846,611 306,230
4 Peru 32,971,854 1,280,000
5 Portugal 10,196,709 91,590
6 Papua New Guinea 8,947,024 452,860
7 Paraguay 7,132,538 397,300
8 Palestine State 5,101,414 6,020
9 Panama 4,314,767 74,340
10 Palau 18,094 460
Countries That Start With The Letter P
Countries That Start With The Letter P

10 Interesting Facts About Bytom

Facts About Bytom

Facts About Bytom

  1. In 1945 the city was transferred to Poland as a result of the Potsdam Conference.
  2. Bytom is a city with powiat rights in southern Poland, in Silesia, in centre of Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia and Dąbrowa Basin.
  3. In 2007, Bytom and its neighbours created the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest urban centre in Poland.
  4. Bytom is twinned with Drohobych, Ukraine; Zhytomyr, Ukraine; Butte, United States; Dmitrov, Russia; Ormož, Slovenia; Vsetín, Czech Republic & Recklinghausen, Germany.
  5. Byton city is 69 km² in area.
  6. Bytom is one of the oldest cities in the Upper Silesia, and the former seat of the Piast dukes of the Duchy of Bytom.
  7. The estimated Population of Bytom is 165,263, as of 2019.
  8. Trade is one of the main pillars of the economy of Bytom
  9. In 2017, the Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management System, located mostly in the neighbouring city of Tarnowskie Góry, but also partly in Bytom, was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  10. Bytom is a place from where Confederation of Silesia, Polish Bonapartists originates.
Facts About Bytom
Facts About Bytom

10 Interesting Facts About Opole

Facts About Opole

Facts About Opole

  1. Opole formally became part of Poland again in 1945 under the Potsdam Agreement.
  2. On January 1, 2017, Borki, Chmielowice, Czarnowąsy, Krzanowice, Sławice, Świerkle, Winów, Wrzoski, Żerkowice as well as parts of Brzezie, Dobrzeń Mały and Karczów became a part of Opole.
  3. The name Opole likely originated from the medieval Slavic term for a group of settlements.
  4. The origins of the first settlement are connected with the town being granted Magdeburg Rights in 1217 by Casimir I of Opole.
  5. Opole is a city located in southern Poland on the Oder River and the historical capital of Upper Silesia.
  6. Opole is sometimes referred to as “Polish Venice”, because of its picturesque Old Town and several canals and bridges connecting parts of the city.
  7. Opole is twinned with Alytus, Lithuania; Belgorod, Russia; Bruntál, Czech Republic; Carrara, Italy; Grasse, France; Ingolstadt, Germany; Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine; Kuopio, Finland; Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany; Potsdam, Germany; Roanoke, United States & Székesfehérvár, Hungary.
  8. Opole hosts the annual National Festival of Polish Song.
  9. The estimated Population of Opole is 128,035, as of 2019.
  10. The first railway connection between Oppeln, Brieg and Breslau was opened in 1843.
Interesting Facts About Opole
Interesting Facts About Opole

10 Interesting Facts About Tychy

Facts About Tychy

Facts About Tychy

  1. Tychy is well known for its brewing industry and its international developed brand Tyskie, which dates back to the 17th century.
  2. Tychy is divided into 17 districts
  3. The moniker Tychy is derived from the Polish word cichy, meaning “quiet” or “still”.
  4. Originally established as a small agricultural settlement on the medieval trade route between Oświęcim and Mikołów, Tychy was first documented in 1467.
  5. Tychy is twinned with: Cassino, Italy & Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Germany.
  6. Tychy operates one of three remaining trolleybus systems in Poland.
  7. The Tyskie Brewing Museum was founded in 2004, and the Municipal Museum in 2005.
  8. The estimated population of Tychy is 126,807, as of 2016, which around 6,000 lower population than in 2003.
  9. Tychy is a city in Poland in Silesian Voivodeship.
  10. Tychy is one of the founding cities of the Metropolitan Association of Upper Silesia, a pan-Silesian economic and political union formed with the eventual aim of bringing the most populous Silesian areas under a single administrative body.
Facts About Tychy
Interesting Facts About Tychy

The Crest of Bydgoszcz

The Crest of Bydgoszcz

The Crest of Bydgoszcz

The crest of Bydgoszcz is recorded in the City’s Statute: “In a white field, there is a red crenellated city wall, with a gate and three keeps, with the central one being higher and bigger. In each keep, one can see an arched window, whereas keep roofs are blue with golden balls. On the ball of the middle keep, there is a golden wind direction indicator turned to the right side. A gate with a lifted golden portcullis is seen in the wall. The right gate wing is open, and the gate opening is silver. The gate wings are blue and ferrules are golden.”

The Crest of Bydgoszcz
The Crest of Bydgoszcz


In the collections of the Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum in Bydgoszcz, one can find a municipal seal from ca. the 16th century, which belongs to the oldest historical items of this type in Poland! It depicts a crenellated city wall, a half-opened gate, and three keeps.

The Crest of Bydgoszcz
The Crest of Bydgoszcz


Flag of Bydgoszcz

The Flag of Bydgoszcz

The Flag of Bydgoszcz

The Flag of Bydgoszcz has three horizontal stripes and the city crest is situated in the centre of the flag. The colours of the flag, from the top: White, Red and Blue. 

The crest of Bydgoszcz is a white field and red crenellated city wall, with a gate and three keeps, with the central one being higher and bigger. In each keep, one can see an arched window, whereas keep roofs are blue with golden balls. On the ball of the middle keep, there is a golden wind direction indicator turned to the right side. A gate with a lifted golden portcullis is seen in the wall. The right gate wing is open, and the gate opening is silver. The gate wings are blue and ferrules are golden

The Flag of Bydgoszcz
The Flag of Bydgoszcz

10 Interesting Facts About Legnica

Interesting Facts About Legnica

Facts About Legnica

  1. Legnica became renowned for the fierce battle that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the first Mongol invasion of Poland.
  2. The name “Legnica” was mentioned in 1149 under High Duke of Poland Bolesław IV the Curly.
  3. Legnica is twinned with: Blansko, Czech Republic; Drohobych, Ukraine; Meissen, Germany; Roanne, France & Wuppertal, Germany.
  4. Legnica is the largest city of the conurbation and is a member of the Association of Polish Cities.
  5. Legnica is a city in southwestern Poland, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the Kaczawa River and the Czarna Woda.
  6. The Population of Legnica is 99,350, as of 2019.
  7. The city was first officially mentioned in chronicles from 1004, although settlement dates to the 7th century.
  8. In 1997, Legnica was visited by Pope John Paul II.
  9. In June 1945 Legnica was briefly the capital of the Lower Silesian Voivodship after the administration was moved there from Trzebnica and before it was finally moved to Wrocław.
  10. The city operates a copper museum, art gallery, theatre, cultural centre, and public library.
Interesting Facts About Legnica
Interesting Facts About Legnica

10 Facts About Frederic Chopin Monument, Warsaw

Facts About Frederic Chopin Monument, Warsaw

Facts About Frederic Chopin Monument

  1. Frederic Chopin Monument was designed in 1907 by Wacław Szymanowski for its planned erection on the centenary of Chopin’s birth in 1810 but its execution was delayed by controversy about the design, then by the outbreak of World War I.
  2. The statue was finally cast and erected in 1926.
  3. Szymanowski’s statue was the world’s tallest Chopin monument until the unveiling, on March 3, 2007, of a slightly taller, modernistic bronze in Shanghai, China.
  4. After the end of the war, the monument was rebuilt. Architect Oskar Sosnowski designed the pedestal and basin, which are made of red Wąchock sandstone.
  5. The statue was blown up on May 31, 1940.
  6. The members of the jury who selected the winning project included such figures as Antoine Bourdelle, Józef Pius Dziekoński and Leopold Méyet.
  7. A 1:1-scale replica of Szymanowski’s statue stands in Hamamatsu, Japan.
  8. The stylized willow over Chopin’s seated figure echoes a pianist’s hand and fingers, and the Polish eagle’s head on the right end.
  9. Tsar Nicholas I, consented to have it built to honour what would’ve been Chopin’s 100th birthday.
  10. In 2007, a bronze bust of Frédéric Chopin, the patron of the Polish Baltic Philharmonic, by sculptor Gennady Jerszow was placed in the Philharmonic in Gdańsk.
Facts About Frederic Chopin Monument, Warsaw
Facts About Frederic Chopin Monument, Warsaw

10 Interesting Facts About Książ Castle

Interesting Facts About Książ Castle

Facts About Książ Castle

  1. A first fortification at the site was destroyed by the Bohemian forces of King Ottokar II in 1263.
  2. The second castle complex was devastated in 1482 by Georg von Stein, a military commander in the service of the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus while his forces campaigned in Silesia.
  3. During World War II, the castle was seized by the Nazi regime in 1944.
  4. The Nazis stripped Ksiaz Castle of its furnishings and the castle then became an important part of the Riese Project, an elaborate plan to create an underground military-industrial complex complete with tunnels, roads, rail links and subterranean arms factories.
  5. After the war, the castle complex was used as a recreation home and cultural centre by the communist authorities. In recent years, large parts of the interior have been elaborately restored.
  6. From the mid 16th century onwards, the premises were rebuilt in a lavish Renaissance style.
  7. Ksiaz Castle is one of the largest castles in Europe, the third-largest castle in Poland and the largest castle in Lower Silesia.
  8. Książ Castle is referred to as “Pearl of Silesia”.
  9. Full rebuilding work did not commence until 1972 and the latest period of restoration was completed only in 2005.
  10. The City of Wałbrzych bought back the Palm House in Wałbrzych, and the Książ management company began to administer it. After 70 years, the castle and the Palm House are “together again”.
Interesting Facts About Książ Castle
Interesting Facts About Książ Castle

10 Interesting Facts About Modlin Fortress

Interesting Facts About Modlin Fortress

Facts About Modlin Fortress

  1. Modlin Fortress was originally constructed by the French from 1806 to 1812.
  2. Modlin Fortress is one of the largest 19th-century fortresses in Poland.
  3. Modlin Fortress is situated in the town of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki in district Modlin on the Narew River, approximately 50 kilometres north of Warsaw.
  4. The first fortified stronghold was built in Zakroczym by the Piast dynasty in the 11th century. However, the first modern fortified position was built there in 1656 by the Swedish armies during The Deluge.
  5. In 2013 the Modlin Fortress was sold to private investors after being on the market for five years, but some key features such as the Tatar Tower and the White Tower must be preserved for the visiting public.
  6. During World War II, the building was bombed many times. After the war, the authorities ordered its demolition, but the Polish architect Jan Zachwatowicz, who was leading the reconstruction of Warsaw, intervened and prevented its destruction.
  7. The fortress was taken over by the Polish after Napoleon’s Grande Armée was defeated at Moscow in 1812, and then by the Russians in 1813.
  8. The fortress saw major action in the Battle of Modlin, during the 1939 Defensive War after Nazi Germany invaded Poland. 24,000 troops held out from 13-29 September and were one of the last to capitulate.
  9. In the 1980s, two rings of forts were built around Modlin: one inner ring about 2-6 miles away from the fortress and the outer one located 5-10 miles from Modlin.
  10. In years 1883-1888 eight modern forts were added, each located from 2 to 4 km from the old fortress and forming a ring.
Interesting Facts About Modlin Fortress
Interesting Facts About Modlin Fortress