Countries That Start With The Letter P

Countries That Start With The Letter P

There are ten countries with their names beginning with ‘P’. Pakistan has the largest population out of all countries with letter “P” and Palau has the lowest population.

The following are countries starting with the Letter “P”

  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Palestine State
  • Poland
  • Portugal

Which Countries Start With the Letter P?


Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. It has the world’s second-largest Muslim population. It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast.


Palau, officially the Republic of Palau and historically Belau, Palaos or Pelew, is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. The country contains approximately 340 islands, and together with parts of the Federated States of Micronesia, forms the western chain of the Caroline Islands. Its area is 466 square kilometres. The most populous island is Koror. The capital Ngerulmud is located on the nearby island of Babeldaob, in Melekeok State. Palau shares maritime boundaries with international waters to the north, Micronesia to the east, Indonesia to the south, and the Philippines to the west.


Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country’s 4 million people.

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a country in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is the world’s third-largest island country with 462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi)


Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Although one of only two landlocked countries in South America, the country has coasts, beaches and ports on the Paraguay and Paraná rivers that give exit to the Atlantic Ocean through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway.


Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. At 1.28 million km2, Peru is the 19th largest country in the world and the third-largest in South America.


The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest.

Palestine State

Palestine, recognized officially as the State of Palestine by the United Nations and other entities, is a de jure sovereign state in Western Asia claiming the West Bank and Gaza Strip with Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative centre is currently located in Ramallah. The entirety of territory claimed by the State of Palestine has been occupied since 1948, first by Egypt and Jordan and then by Israel after the Six-Day War in 1967. Palestine has a population of 5,051,953 as of February 2020, ranked 121st in the world.


Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of nearly 38.5 million people, Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland’s capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.


Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. The official and national language is Portuguese.

Controversial countries that start with the letter P


Countries that start with “P”: Population and Area

# Country Population Area (Km²)
1 Pakistan 220,892,340 770,880
2 Philippines 109,581,078 298,170
3 Poland 37,846,611 306,230
4 Peru 32,971,854 1,280,000
5 Portugal 10,196,709 91,590
6 Papua New Guinea 8,947,024 452,860
7 Paraguay 7,132,538 397,300
8 Palestine State 5,101,414 6,020
9 Panama 4,314,767 74,340
10 Palau 18,094 460
Countries That Start With The Letter P
Countries That Start With The Letter P

40 Interesting Facts About Lisbon

Facts About Lisbon:

  1. Lisbon was founded by the Phoenicians in 1200 BC, Making the oldest city in western Europe and the second-oldest European capital city after Athens.
  2. Lisbon was almost totally destroyed on the 1st November 1755 taking 40 000 lives, anyway it was rebuilt within a few years.
  3. The Vasco da Gama bridge is the longest bridge in Europe with over 11 miles, located in Lisbon. 
  4. The Tagus is Iberia’s largest river and its estuary at Lisbon, up to 14Km wide, is said to be large enough to contain all the warships in the world.
  5. Records suggest that Lisbon was the first city in the World to Import Guinness, In 1811. 
  6. During the Neolithic period, the region was inhabited by Pre-Celtic tribes, who built religious and funerary monuments, megaliths, dolmens and menhirs, which still survive in areas on the periphery of Lisbon.
  7. A 2018 report stated that the city receives an average of 4.5 million tourists per year.
  8. Lisbon has one of the mildest climates in Europe, with an annual average of 2900-3300 hours of sunshine.
  9. The raven is the symbol of Lisbon. According to legend, two ravens traveled with the body of São Vicente, the patron of Lisbon. Vicente Zaragoza was buried in the Algarve, near Sagres, since the year 303.40 Interesting Facts About Lisbon 1
  10. The largest temporary stage in the world, at an incredible 7,276 square meters, was set up at Lisbon’s Benfica Stadium to host 2007’s Seven Wonders of the World declaration.
  11. In 2008 and 2016, the city hosted the European Triathlon Championships.
  12. Lisbon is part of the Union of Luso-Afro-Americo-Asiatic Capital Cities from 28 June 1985, establishing brotherly relations with the following cities: Dili, East Timor; Bissau, Guinea-Bissau; Macau; Luanda, Angola; Panaji (Panjim), India; Maputo, Mozambique; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Praia, Cape Verde; São Tomé, São Tomé and Príncipe & Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  13. Lisbon’s name may have been derived from Proto-Celtic or Celtic Olisippo, Lissoppo, or a similar name which other visiting peoples like the ancient Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans.
  14. Lisbon was built on seven hills and is known as Cidade das Sete Colinas – the city of seven hills.
  15. The Population of Lisbon is 2,942,000, as of 2019. A 0.51% increase from 2018.
  16. Pasteis de Nata is a Lisbon delicacy. The sweet custard tart is reproduced throughout the city.
  17. Lisboa was elected the “World’s Leading City Destination and World’s Leading City Break Destination 2018”.
  18. The city is connected to the far side of the Tagus by two important bridges: The 25 de Abril Bridge & the famous The Vasco da Gama Bridge.
  19. The Largest Human National Flag was created in 2006 at Lisbon’s national stadium by 18,788 people.
  20. the Longest Mexican Wave involved 8,453 participants and was organized at the Parque das Nações in Lisbon, on 12 August 2007.
  21. The city has a total area of 100 square kilometers.
  22. Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia, adding to the name Olissipo.
  23. Ancient authors refer to popular legends that the city of Lisbon was founded by the mythical hero Odysseus on his journey home from Troy.
  24. Lisbon has two sites listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site: Belém Tower and Jerónimos Monastery.
  25. in 1994, Lisbon was the European Capital of Culture and, in 1998, organized the Expo ’98, 1998 Lisbon World Exposition.
  26. Lisbon is located at 38°42′49.75″N 9°8′21.79″W, situated at the mouth of the Tagus River and is the westernmost capital of a mainland European country.40 Interesting Facts About Lisbon 2
  27. A traditional form of public transport in Lisbon is the tram. Introduced in the 19th century, the trams were originally imported from the USA, and called the americanos.
  28. Lisbon has the largest and most developed mass media sector in Portugal.
  29. The Lisbon region has a higher GDP PPP per capita than any other region in Portugal.
  30. The westernmost part of Lisbon is occupied by the Parque Florestal de Monsanto, a 10 km2 urban park, one of the largest in Europe, and occupying 10% of the municipality.
  31. The Church of Santa Engrácia in Lisbon has entered the Guinness World Records as having the longest construction time of any church. Work began in the 17th century and was only completed in 1966.
  32. Lisbon’s oceanarium is one of the world’s largest aquariums. It has 8,000 different sea creatures.
  33. Lisbon has additional cooperation agreements with the following cities: Algiers, Algeria; Asunción, Paraguay; Bangkok, Thailand; Bethlehem, Palestine; Budapest, Hungary; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Curitiba, Brazil; Gdańsk, Poland; Guimarães, Portugal; Haimen, China; Kiev, Ukraine; Madrid, Spain; Malacca City, Malaysia; Manila, Philippines; Miami, United States; Montevideo, Uruguay; Moscow, Russia; Paris, France; Beijing, China; Qingdao, China; Rabat, Morocco; Santa Catarina, Cape Verde; Toronto, Canada; Tunis, Tunisia; Zagreb, Croatia & Sofia, Bulgaria.
  34. Lisbon is home to Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal, the Portuguese national library, which has over 3 million books and manuscripts.
  35. The University of Lisbon, which is the largest university in Portugal, was created in 2013 with the union of the Technical University of Lisbon and the Classical University of Lisbon.
  36. The city hosted the 2014 UEFA Champions League Final.
  37. The Euronext Lisbon stock exchange, part of the pan-European Euronext system together with the stock exchanges of Amsterdam, Brussels and Paris, is tied with the New York Stock Exchange since 2007, forming the multinational NYSE Euronext group of stock exchanges.
  38. In May 2018, the city hosted the 63rd edition of the Eurovision Song Contest, after the victory of Salvador Sobral with the song “Amar pelos dois” in Kyiv on 13 May 2017.
  39. The municipality of Lisbon included 53 freguesias until November 2012. A new law reduced the number of freguesias to 24.
  40. On 1 November 1755, the city was destroyed by another devastating earthquake, which killed an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 Lisbon residents.
40 Interesting Facts About Lisbon 3
40 Interesting Facts About Lisbon
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10 Interesting Facts About Sintra

Facts About Sintra:

  1. EuroAtlantic Airways has its head office in Sintra.
  2. The municipality is administered by 11 civil parish councils.
  3. Sintra is twinned with: Assilah, Morocco; Beira, Mozambique; Bissau, Guinea-Bissau; Fontainebleau, France; Goussainville, France; Havana, Cuba; Honolulu, United States; El Jadida, Morocco; Lobito, Angola; Namaacha, Mozambique; Verde Nova Sintra, Cape Verde; Omura, Japan; Oviedo, Spain; Petrópolis, Brazil & Trindade, São Tomé and Príncipe.
  4. Sintra is classified as UNESCO’s World Heritage Site since 1995 in the category of “Cultural Landscape”.
  5. Sintra is a town and municipality in the Greater Lisbon region of Portugal, located on the Portuguese Riviera.
  6. The population of Sintra 377,835, as of 2017.
  7. Much of the miniseries Gulliver’s Travels, in 1996 was filmed in Sintra.
  8. Sintra’s landmarks include the medieval Castle of the Moors, the romanticist Pena National Palace, and the Portuguese Renaissance Sintra National Palace.
  9. The Convention of Sintra was signed here in 1808.
  10. Sintra is also a major luxury dining and tourism destination within the Portuguese Riviera, as well as one of the wealthiest municipalities in the country.

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20 Interesting Facts About Porto

Summary About Porto

Porto is a historic and varied city, from the warren of narrow streets that make up the ancient Ribeira district through to the grand plaza of the Trindade district.

The official currency used in Porto is the Euro, like in the rest of Portugal.

The timezone is GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). This means that it is the same time as London, it is 5 hours ahead of New York and 11 hours behind Sydney.

Facts About Porto:

  1. The historic center of Porto was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996.
  2. Porto also is known as Oporto in some languages, is the second-largest city in Portugal.
  3. Porto city has a population of 237,559, and a metropolitan area with 2.4 million people, as of 2019.
  4. Porto features a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, with influences of an oceanic climate.
  5. Port wine, an internationally renowned wine, is widely accepted as the city’s dessert wine, especially as the wine is made along the Douro River which runs through the city.
  6. Gustave Eiffel designed one of the bridges over the Douro.
  7. Porto is twinned with: Liège, Belgium; Bordeaux, France; Bristol, England, United Kingdom; Vigo, Galicia, Spain; Nagasaki, Japan; Crotone, Italy; Jena, Germany; Macau, China; Duruelo de la Sierra, Castile, and León, Spain; Bangkok, Thailand; Brno, Czechia; Shanghai, China; Beira, Mozambique; Recife, Brazil; Luanda, Angola; Neves, São Tomé and Príncipe; Ndola, Zambia; Canchungo, Guiné Bissau; Klaipėda, Lithuania; Mindelo, Cape Verde; Castile and León, Spain; Marsala, Italy.
  8. Porto houses the largest synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the largest in Europe – Kadoorie Synagogue, inaugurated in 1938.
  9. The city of Porto is nicknamed “Invicta”, the word Invicta stands for “que nunca for vencido” or “that was never conquered.”.
  10. Porto is Portugal’s second-biggest city right after Lisbon.
  11. Porto lies at an elevation of 1,172 meters above sea level.
  12. Porto is one of the oldest European centers. history of Porto dates back to around 300 BC with Proto-Celtic and Celtic people being the first known inhabitants.
  13. In 2014 and 2017, Porto was elected The Best European Destination by the Best European Destinations Agency.
  14. The Porto metropolitan area had a GDP amounting to $43.0 billion, and $21,674 per capita, as of 2014.
  15. Every year in October the Porto Marathon is held through the streets of the old city of Porto.
  16. People born in Porto are called “tripeiros” meaning “animal gutters” recalling the name for special traditional dishes, part of the city’s heritage.
  17. Between 1958 and 1960, the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix was hosted on the streets of Porto.
  18. The Latin name for Porto is Portus Cale from which the country, Portugal, takes its name.
  19. Geographic coordinates: 41º 9’ N 8º 38’ W
  20. The most symbolic landmark of Porto is the baroque tower Torre dos Clerigos.

20 Interesting Facts About Porto 5

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10 Interesting Facts About Lagos, Portugal

Facts About Lagos:

  1. The municipality of Lagos is divided into 4 civil parishes: Bensafrim e Barão de São João, Lagos (São Sebastião e Santa Maria), Luz which includes the separate villages of Almádena and Espiche & Odiáxere.
  2. The name Lagos comes from a Celtic settlement, derived from the Latin Lacobriga, the name of the settlement was established during the pre-Punic civilizations.
  3. The Moors arrived in the 8th century from North Africa, renaming the settlement Zawaia (meaning lago, or lake). It became part of the much larger coastal region of al-Gharb, which eventually became known as the Algarve.
  4. Lagos is an ancient maritime town with more than 2000 years of history.
  5. Lagos is a municipality at the mouth of Bensafrim River and along the Atlantic Ocean
  6. Lagos is twinned with: Torres Vedras, district of Lisbon, Portugal; Ribeira Grande, island of São Miguel, Azores; Ribeira Grande de Santiago, the island of Santiago, Cape Verde; Palos de la Frontera, autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain & Ksar El Kebir, city in the province of Larache, Morocco.
  7. The population of Lagos is 22,000.
  8. In 2012 Lagos received the QualityCoast Gold Award for its efforts to become a sustainable tourism destination.
  9. In the Battle of Lagos (1693) a French flotilla defeated a combined Anglo-Dutch force, while in the Battle of Lagos (1759) a British force defeated a French force.
  10. Notable people of Lagos: José Reis, Júlio Dantas, Júlia Barroso, Diogo Rodrigues, Lançarote de Freitas, Gil Eanes, Soeiro da Costa & São Gonçalo de Lago.

10 Interesting Facts About Lagos, Portugal 6

10 Interesting Facts About The Belém Tower

Facts About the Belém Tower:

  1. Belém Tower or the Tower of St Vincent is a fortified tower in Lisbon, Portugal.
  2. The Belém Tower was added on 7 July 2007 to the registry of the Seven Wonders of Portugal.
  3. The Belem Tower was Granted World Heritage Status by UNESCO, In 1983.
  4. The fortress was named: Castelo de São Vicente de Belém, honoring the patron saint of Lisbon.
  5. The structure was built from lioz limestone and is composed of a bastion and a 30-meter, four-story tower.
  6. The building was finished in 1519, just two years before Manuel’s death, and Gaspar de Paiva was temporarily stationed to command the fortress.
  7. Belém Tower was commissioned by King John II.
  8. Dungeons of the tower were used as a prison until 1830.
  9. The architect, Francisco de Arruda, had previously worked on Portuguese fortifications in Morocco, so there are also Moorish-style watchtowers and other Moorish influences.
  10. The tower was built on a small island in the Tagus River near the Lisbon shore, now sits near the shore because the river was redirected after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.

10 Interesting Facts About The Belém Tower 7

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10 Interesting Facts About the National Palace of Pena

Facts About The National Palace of Pena:

  1. The National Palace of Pena is a Romanticist castle in São Pedro de Penaferrim, in the municipality of Sintra, on the Portuguese Riviera.
  2. The castle’s history started in the Middle Ages when a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Pena was built on the top of the hill above Sintra. According to tradition, construction occurred after an apparition of the Virgin Mary.
  3. Construction of the new palace started in 1840 and the king consort would spend his whole life realizing his dream castle.
  4. The Palace was completed in 1885.
  5. In 1995, the palace and the rest of the Cultural Landscape of Sintra were classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  6. Palacio Pena translated into English means Feather Place.
  7. In 1889 it was purchased by the Portuguese State, and after the Republican Revolution of 1910, it was classified as a national monument and transformed into a museum.
  8. Built by German architect Baron Wilhelm Ludwig von Schewge, the palace exhibits a blend of Neo-Gothic, Neo-Islamic, Neo-Renaissance, and Neo-Manueline architectural styles.
  9. National Palace of Pena is one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal.
  10. The interiors of the palace are richly decorated with tiles displaying amazing stucco sand Trompe-loeil painted walls.

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10 Interesting Facts About Castelo dos Mouros

Facts About Castelo dos Mouros:

  1. Castelo dos Mouros is a hilltop medieval castle located in the central Portuguese civil parish of Santa Maria e São Miguel, in the municipality of Sintra, about 25km northwest of Lisbon.
  2. The castle was constructed during the 8th and 9th centuries, during the period of Muslim Iberia, as the central place in a territory that was primarily agricultural, and which was necessary to protect its population.
  3. In 2001 there were various interventions associated with cleaning the property, clearing undergrowth and forest overgrowth, and the installation of an electrical box along one of the walls.
  4. The castle was restored in the 19th century by King Ferdinand II, who transformed it into a romantic ruin and a major feature of the gardens of the Pena Palace.
  5. On 26 June 1996, declared the area of the Castle as a zone of special interest, by the Ministry of Culture.
  6. It is classified as a National Monument, part of the Sintra Cultural Landscape.
  7. It was an important strategic point during the Reconquista and was taken by Christian forces after the fall of Lisbon in 1147.
  8. Since 1995 has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  9. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake caused considerable damage to the chapel and affected the stability of the castle.
  10. A chapel with a rectangular nave and narrow, lower presbytery lies outside the secondary wall, not too far from the entrance. These ruins were constructed of limestone and masonry, and the interior is accessible from the western or southern façades.

10 Interesting Facts About Castelo dos Mouros 9

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10 Interesting Facts About Tavira

Facts About Tavira:

  1. Tavira benefits from tourism, which is the primary region economy, Fishing was primary the industry before the decline due to the changing migration patterns of tuna fish.  
  2. Tavira is a Portuguese town and municipality, capital of the Costa do Acantilado, situated in the east of the Algarve on the south coast of Portugal.
  3. The Population of Tavira is around 27,000, as of 2019
  4. Tavira is twinned with: Morocco Kenitra; Łańcut, Poland; Perpignan, France; Porto Novo, Cape Verde; Punta Umbría, Spain& San Bartolomé de la Torre, Spain.
  5. Administratively, the municipality is divided into 6 civil parishes: Conceição e Cabanas de Tavira; Cachopo; Luz de Tavira e Santo Estêvão; Santa Catarina da Fonte do Bispo; Santa Luzia & Tavira (Santa Maria e Santiago).
  6. Tavira’s origins date back to the Late Bronze Age.
  7. In the 8th century BC, it became one of the first Phoenician settlements in the Iberian West.
  8. It is thought its original name was Baal Saphon, named after the Phoenician Thunder and Sea god. This name later became Balsa.
  9. The Gilão River meets the Atlantic Ocean in Tavira.
  10. The Moorish occupation of Tavira between the 8th and 13th centuries left its mark on the agriculture, architecture, and culture of the area.

10 Interesting Facts About Tavira 10

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