Tower of London

tower of london

The Tower of London is one of the most well-known attractions in London, It houses the Crown Jewels and has been a part of numerous significant events in British History, tourists all around the world eager to see and learn more about the tower, Its myths and Legends. through the years the Tower of London became interchangeable as a national symbol of power and royalty. Tower of London is officially named Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London.

The Tower was founded towards the end of 1066, as part of the Norman Conquest of England. Stunning White Tower was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, the castle was used as a prison and royalty living premises. The Tower is a complex of different building that has two concentric rights of defensive walls and a moat.  it situated in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, the area is known as the Tower Hill.

The Brief History of the Tower of London

William the Conqueror and the Normans Invaded England in September 1066 and built a castle out of Timber, known as the Bailey castle, which was built on the same location as the Current Tower of London and In 1078 William the Conqueror replaced the old timber tower with a stone fortified tower, which was called the Great Tower however it was later renamed the White Tower and was constructed in 1097.

The Tower of London was used as a Prison and in 1100, the first recorded state prisoner was imprisoned in the tower of London, and in 1191 the Tower saw its very first siege, when Prince John opposed the powerful Bishop Longchamp and sieged the tower of London and only after three days, the siege came to an end and Bishop Longchamp Surrendered.

In 1210 King John moved into the Tower and between 1216 and 1272 additional defenses were added to the tower of London as King Henry the 3rd took up the crown as the new king, he went on to reinforce the royal castles, which included the Tower of London, number of expansions happened such as the Royal Accommodations in the White Tower and rebuilt the Hall and the Kitchens, In 1236 ten new towers and gateways as well as drawbridges were added to increase further defences however after the death of the KingHenry III , King Edward the first continued to build the castle adding new towers and the Crown Jewels were moved from Westminster Abbey to the Tower.

During the 1400’s England entered the period of civil disorder and political instability which started the Wars of the Roses and In 1483 Richard the 3rd seized the throne and during the battle of Lancastrian rebellion rose against the Yorkist Richard and he fell in battle of Bosworth Field to Henry Tudor in 1485, later Henry VII ended the battle between the Yorkists and Lancastrians by marrying the Yorkist heir, known as Elizabeth of York, later Henry VII built the last permanent royal residential buildings at the Tower of London.

In 1512 King Henry VIII married Katherine of Aragon, in the original chapel of St Peter Ad Vincula was burned down and rebuilt, The roof of the White Tower needed to be strengthened due to the weight of the Cannons, The White Tower’s famous features are the onion-shaped domes on the turrets which were added with weather vanes. In 1533 King Henry divorced his wife Katherine and broke off with the Church in Rome and the tower had expanded its prison for a large number of religious and political prisoners. King Henry VIII executed Sir Thomas Moore and Bishop Fisher of Rochester because they refused to acknowledge him as the head of the English Church. After the death of Henry VIII in 1547, his young son, Edward V takes the throne later his protector, the Duke of Somerset and his confederates met their deaths at the tower and later Edward dies of tuberculosis, leaving the throne to the lady Jane and her heirs male, however after Lady Jane Grey becomes Queen, for only nine days. Bloody Mary takes the throne.

In 1625 Charles the first takes the throne but a civil war broke out between the King and Parliament, In 1643 the Tower of London was seized from the King, and taken by Parliamentarians, throughout the civil war which lasted 7 years the parliament had control of the tower, in that time they built a permanent garrison. Major improvements to the Tower’s defenses were made and batteries of guns were set in place along the walls and the arsenal was expanded.

The Monarchy no longer used the Tower as State apartments so showed little interest in the castle but in 1780 the Tower held its only American prisoner, former President of the Continental Congress, Henry Laurens.

The Royal Menagerie left the Lion Tower in 1834 to become the London Zoo. Lion Tower has mostly demolished however the Lion Gate still remains, however, the Grand Storehouse burned down during the great fire, many of weapons were destroyed. Anthony Salvin, a Victorian architect, was appointed in 1851 to ‘restore’ the Tower to a pseudo-medieval form so it could be opened to the public.

Tower of London
Tower of London Photography by flickr user: Paul

Telephone: 0844 482 7777 | Official Website | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram

 

How to get there

  • By Car and Parking: Tower Hill is a vehicle free zone and there is no on-site parking facility.
  • By Train: The Closest Train Station is the Tower Hill and the Circle Lines, which are only 5 minutes walk away.
  • By Bicycle: you can find a Bicycle rack near the Perkin Reveller Restaurant on the Wharf.

 

Opening Hours

Monday 10:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Tuesday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Wednesday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Thursday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Friday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Saturday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Sunday 10:00 AM – 4:30 PM

Note: During the holidays the opening hours may vary, please check the official website.

Admission

Ticket Type Price
Adult £21.50
Child £9.70
Concessions £16.40
Under 5 Years old Free Entry
Family 1 One Adult, 3 Children £38.30
Family 2 Two Adults, 3 Children £53.20

Please note that the prices may change after 28th of February 2018.

More Photographs

Tower of London
Photography By Flicker User: kasiabo
Tower of London
Horse Armour Photography By Flicker User: Tony Ford
Tower of London
Armour Photography By Flicker User:Doug Kerr
Tower of London
Photography By Flicker User:John Linton
Tower of London
Tower of London Raleigh room Photography By Flicker User: Ken Bergman

 

Location

Address: St Katharine’s & Wapping, London EC3N 4AB

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Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official and principal imperial London home. It’s been the official London home of Britain’s monarchy since 1837. Buckingham Palace is not the home of the Queen and Prince Philip, but also the London home of their Duke of York and their Earl and Countess of Wessex and their daughter. Buckingham Palace is utilised for the administrative work for the monarchy. It is here from the country apartments that Her Majesty receives and entertains guests invited to their Palace. Buckingham Palace initially was a grand home-built by their Dukes of Buckingham for his spouse.

George IV began transforming it into a palace from 1826. The Queen has other houses also Such as Windsor Castle and Balmoral in Scotland. When the Queen is at home, it is possible to see her imperial flag flying from their flag pole to top of Buckingham Palace. The first and 4th quadrants represent England and contain 3 golden lions walking on a red field, their next quadrant represents Scotland includes a red lion standing on their left-wing foot on a gold field, the 3rd quadrant represents Ireland and comprises the golden coat of arms of Ireland to a blue area.

It must just be flown from buildings in which the Queen is current. It flies over the British Union Flag, Standards of additional Royal members of the family, Together with other British flags. They wear red jackets and tall, furry hats Known as bearskins. When the very first guards come on duty, there’s a ceremony Known as the Changing of the Guard. A family show at Buckingham Palace is their Changing of their Guard ceremony that takes place in their forecourt every morning. The monarch and the imperial palaces have been guarded by their Household Troops because 1660. The Palace has about 600 rooms, Such as 19 Staterooms, 52 imperial and guest bedrooms, 78 bathrooms, 92 offices, a cinema and a swimming pool. About 400 people work in the Palace, Such as domestic servants, chefs, footmen, cleaners, plumbers, gardeners, chauffeurs, electricians, and two individuals who look after the 300 clocks. Every year, more than 50, 000 people come to the Palace every year as guests to banquets, lunches, dinners, receptions, and Royal Garden Parties. Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms Such as 19 country rooms, 52 imperial and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.

 

Buckingham Palace The White Drawing Room
Buckingham Palace The White Drawing Room, Photography by Flickr user: The British Monarchy

Telephone: 0303 123 7300 | Official Website |

How To Get There

  • By Bus: Bus numbers 11, 211, C1 and C10 stop on Buckingham Palace Road.
  • By Train: London Victoria 7 mins from Buckingham Palace or London Charing Cross stations.
  • By Foot: Piccadilly Circus to Buckingham Palace is a 15 minute walk and 25 minutes walk from the London eye.

 

Opening Hours

Monday 9:30am–7:30pm
Tueday 9:30am–7:30pm
Wednesday 9:30am–7:30pm
Thursday 9:30am–7:30pm
Friday 9:30am–7:30pm
Saturday 9:30am–7:30pm
Sunday 9:30am–7:30pm

please note: opening hours during holiday season might be different, please check on the official website for more details

Facts about Buckingham Palace

  • When the Queen is at home, you can see her royal flag flying from the flag pole on top of Buckingham Palace. This flag is called the Royal Standard.
  • Five regiments of Foot Guards guard the Palace. They wear red jackets and furry hats, don’t worry the guns they hold are not armed.
  • There is a ceremony called the Changing of the Guard, it takes place every time the first guards come on duty.
  • Since 1660, the Household troops have been guarding the royal palace.
  • Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live at Buckingham Palace.

Information

Admission is by timed ticket . Tickets are valid only on the date and at the entrance time specified on the ticket. A visit lasts between 2 and 2 hours 30 minutes.

Audio tours are included in the admission price. Photography is not permitted inside the State Rooms.

Location

Address: Westminster, London SW1A 1AA

More Photography’s

Buckingham Palace The State Dining Room is used by The Queen for official entertain
Buckingham Palace The State Dining Room is used by The Queen for official entertain photography by flickr user: The British Monarchy

 

Buckingham Palace The Chinese Dining Room
Buckingham Palace The Chinese Dining Room, Photography by flickr user: The British Monarchy
Buckingham Palace chariot
Buckingham Palace chariot, Photography by flickr user: Danielle Claire