Finland is a Northern European nation, its capital, Helsinki, occupies a peninsula and surrounding islands in the Baltic Sea. Helsinki is home to the 18th-century sea fortress Suomenlinna, the fashionable Design District and diverse museums. The Northern Lights can be seen from the country’s Arctic Lapland province, a vast wilderness with national parks and ski resorts.
The highest point in Finland is the Halti on the border to Norway in Lapland. It is 1 324m/ 4 344 ft high.
The longest river in Finland is called Kemijoki.
Helsinki is the northernmost capital city of continental Europe.
Finland is among the most forested countries in the world. Finland is the most forested country in Europe.
Every year, Finland increases in surface area by about 7 sq km (2.7 sq mi) per year because it is rebounding from the weight of ice-age glaciers and rising out of the sea.
Finland has over 187,000 lakes.
Individuals with a Finnish passport can access 171 countries around the world without a visa, making it the worlds 2nd strongest passport, as of 2020.
Finland has the largest lake district in Europe.
In Finland, almost 100% of the bottles are recycled while almost 90% of them are returned for recycling after use.
Finland borders three countries: Norway, Sweden and Russia.
The Sámi people are Finland’s indigenous people.
The average Finn consumes 12 kg of coffee each year.
Official languages are Finnish (spoken by 87.3%) and Swedish (5.2%). Sámi is the mother tongue of about 2,000 people, members of the indigenous Sámi people of northern Lapland.
The Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) are seen regularly in every season but summer in Lapland and other parts of Finland.
There are over 3 million saunas in Finland.
Finland has some of the world’s best “Freedom to Roam” opportunities.
The Population of Finland is 5.5 million, as of 2019.
Finland is the world’s happiest country, according to the 2019 World Happiness Report.
The annual milk consumption per person in Finland is around 34.34 gallons, Making Finland the highest milk consuming nation.
The Longest Palindromic Word ‘ saippuakivikauppias’ Comes From the Finnish Language.
The Päijänne Water Tunnel is a 120 km long tunnel in Southern Finland, making it the worlds second longest tunnel.
Finland Declared Independent on December 6th, 1917. Previously a grand duchy in the Russian empire for 108 years, and a part of Sweden for 600 years before that.
Finland is part of Fennoscandia, not Scandinavia.
In 2010, Finland became the first country in the world to make broadband access a legal right for every citizen.
Finland is the uncontested world home of heavy metal. It has the heaviest metal bands per capita in the world.
Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe yet it is the European Union’s most sparsely populated country.
Finland’s capital Helsinki lies higher north in the world than almost any other capital city, second only to Iceland’s Reykjavik.
Finland has been a member of the European Union since 1995 and it’s the only Nordic state to join the euro single currency at its original launch in 1999.
The world’s first graphical web browser was developed by four Finnish students in Helsinki in 1991. It was known as Erwise.
In Finland, when someone earns their Ph.D., they are given a top hat and a sword.
Lake Inari is located on the Northern part of Lapland, North of the Arctic Circle, on the border of subarctic and temperate climatic zones.
Lake Inari is the third largest lake in Finland’s Lapland.
The lake basin is the result of local tectonic movements. Because the lake had virtually no contact with the Baltic Sea, no marine relics can be found in its waters.
The lake depression is a graben bounded by faults active in the Cenozoic.
The lake is surrounded by forests mainly made up of pine and rarely of spruce. This area belongs to the sub-boreal vegetation zone and the Palearctic geographical region.
The Lake empties northwards through the Paatsjoki at the mouth of the Varangerfjord, which is a bay of the Barents Sea.
Numerous uninhabited islands can be found on the lake, such as Hammastunturi, Muotkatunturi, Paistunturi and Kaldoaivi. Nearly 50% of the area is occupied by more than 3,300 islands. Hautuumaasaari Island, also known as Graveyard Island, used to be a cemetery for ancient Sami people.
You can find the following Fish within the lake Inari: Trout, lake salmon, Arctic char, white fish, grayling, perch and pike.
The freezing period normally extends from November to early June.
Lahti was first mentioned in documents in 1445. The village belonged to the parish of Hollola and was located at the medieval trade route of Ylinen Viipurintie, which linked the towns of Hämeenlinna and Viipuri.
Lahti is a city in Päijänne Tavastia, Finland. Literally it means bay. It is part of the province of Southern Finland.
The asteroid 1498 Lahti was named after the city by its discoverer, the Finnish astronomer Yrjö Väisälä.
The coat of arms of the city depicts a train wheel surrounded by flames.
The population growth came to a sharp end in 1975 and the city has since grown very little, with the latest notable growth in population happening in 2016 when the municipality of Nastola became a part of Lahti.
The 1997 World Games and the 2009 World Masters Athletics Championships were held in Lahti.
Lahti is twinned with: Västerås, Sweden; Akureyri, Iceland; Randers, Denmark; Ålesund, Norway; Zaporizhzhya, Ukraine; Pécs, Hungary; Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany; Suhl, Germany; Kaluga, Russia; Narva, Estonia; Deyang, Sichuan, China; Wuxi, Jiangsu, China; Norberg, Sweden & Tamsalu, Estonia
The city encompasses 240.35 square kilometres, of which 1.97 km2 is water.
The biggest airport in Finland, Helsinki-Vantaa, is in Central Vantaa.
Finnish and Swedish are the official languages of Vantaa. In 2006 Swedish was the mother language of 3.1 per cent of the population of Vantaa.
Vantaa is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south; Espoo to the southwest; Nurmijärvi to the northwest; Kerava and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east.
The area was inhabited by Tavastians and Finns proper until the so-called second crusade to Finland and Swedish colonisation of the area.
Helsinge Parish became Helsinki Rural District in 1865. Then, in 1974 there was another name change and the present name, City of Vantaa, was adopted.
The history of Vantaa mirrors that of its neighbours Espoo and Kauniainen, in that it was an insignificant agricultural and market town until as recently as the 1970s, when the Helsinki metropolitan area began to develop outwards.
one of the city’s most significant contributions to the nation of Finland, and Helsinki in particular, comes from the rapids on the river. The Swedes, who ran the show in what is now Finland for centuries, called the rushing rapids of the Vantaa River ‘Helsingfors’, From this term, and the importance of the rapids channel, Helsinki got its name.
in 1974, the town finally received official city status and was subsequently renamed Vantaa.
People have been living in Vantaa ever since the Stone Age.
The Population of Vantaa is 228,678, as of 2019.
The city reached its first level of notoriety when the Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport was opened to deal with the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.
Kouvola is the largest garrison city in Finland. The Karelia Brigade and the Utti Jaeger Regiment train 4,400 conscripts a year.
Kouvola is a city and municipality in southeastern Finland. It is located on the Kymijoki River in the region of Kymenlaakso.
The name itself derives from Old Finnish kouvo, meaning bear and wolf. The arms are Sable, an escarbuncle Or, base wavy Argent.
Kouvola is twinned with: Balatonfüred, Hungary; Vologda, Russia & Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.
Verla factory, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located near Kouvola.
In January 2009, the six municipalities of Kouvola, Kuusankoski, Elimäki, Anjalankoski, Valkeala and Jaala were consolidated, forming the new municipality of Kouvola. Kouvola has also assumed the slogan Kymijoen kaupunki previously used by Anjalankosk.
The third biggest Amusement park in Finland, called Tykkimäki is located in Kouvola.
The village of Kouvola has been inhabited since the Middle Ages, and it has belonged alternately to the churches of Hollola, Iitti and Valkeala.
The city of Kouvola was established in 1960.
In 1918, conflict between the Red and White factions raged heavily during the Finnish Civil War. More than 200 people were killed in the area during the fighting.
Kotka region was one of the first heavily industrialized regions of Finland.
Since the 1980s the population of Kotka has been slowly decreasing, mostly due to domestic migration to the Helsinki region.
The town’s identity is in part defined by the Kymijoki River, the Baltic Sea, and the archipelago around it, and most of its area is in fact water.
Kotka has a rich history and played an important role in the many struggles between Sweden and Russia down the years, especially in maritime battles.
The Church of St Nicholas is located in Isopuisto Park in Kotka city centre. Based on designs by Jakov Perrin, the neoclassical church was constructed between 1799–1801, and it is the oldest building in Kotka today.
The first part of the city’s name, jyväs-, looks like the stem of an adjective *jyvänen, derived from jyvä, “grain”. The second part of the city’s name, kylä, means village.
Jyväskylä is a member city of Eurotowns network and is twinned with: Esbjerg Municipality, Denmark; Eskilstuna Municipality, Sweden; Debrecen, Hungary; Jining, China; Kunming, China; Mudanjiang, China; Fjarðabyggð, Iceland; Niiza, Japan; Potsdam, Germany; Poznań, Poland; Stavanger, Norway; Tartu Parish, Estonia & Yaroslavl, Russia.
Jyvaskyla a city and municipality in Finland in the western part of the Finnish Lakeland, some 130 km north-east from Tampere.
The works of the most famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto can be seen throughout the city.
Jyvaskyla is the largest city in the region of Central Finland and on the Finnish Lakeland.
The city hosts the Neste Oil Rally Finland, which is part of the World Rally Championship.
Kalevala gave the city the nickname “Athens of Finland”. This nickname refers to the major role of Jyväskylä as an educational centre.
The city has been one of the fastest-growing cities in Finland during the 20th century.