Guinigi Tower

Guinigi Tower

The Guinigi Tower is the most important tower in Lucca and one of the few remaining towers around the city walls, the Guinigi is an impressive 44.25 meters high tower that used to be the residence of one of the most powerful and wealthy families in Tuscany during 1300’s. The Towers was used for protection and defensive purposes, Lucca had around 170 towers during the middle Ages however only a few towers survived the last 700 years. The Guinigi Tower is a typical example of local Romanesque-Gothic architecture.

The Tower stands at 44.25 meters high and at the top of the tower you will see a hanging garden where large centuries-old holm oaks have been planted, you can reach the top of the tower after climbing 230 steps, however, the panorama view of Lucca from the top of the tower is well worth the trip. The ancient trees are holm oaks symbolizing rebirth and renewal.

From the 13th Century the Guinigi Family, who were rich merchants and a leading family of the town, concentrated their mansions between Sant’Andrea and via Guinigi, which preserved its medieval appearance intact. The Tower of Guinigi was built out of brick with mullioned three lights and four light windows, and coat of arms, cornices, and plaques of the family was decorated on to the tower. The Tower was restored and reopened in the 1980’s.

The Guinigi Tower was donated to the local government, Lucca Town Council, by the descendants of the Guinigi Family.

Guinigi Tower
Guinigi Tower Photography by flickr user:barbara steele

Telephone: +39 0583 48090 | Official Website |

How to get there:

  • By Train: The nearest train station is the Lucca Station, situated on Piazzale Bettino Ricasoli Road, 900-meter, 11 minutes walk from the Guinigi Tower.
  • By Bus: the nearest bus stop is situated on via Santa Croce, bus service: LAM ROSSA, then a 3-minute walk up to  Via Angelo Custode and left on to Via Sant’Andrea. 
  • By Foot: The Guinigi Tower is located only 5 minutes away from the St Martin Cathedral and 5 minutes away from Villa Bottini.

Opening Hours

Monday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Tuesday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Wednesday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Thursday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Friday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Saturday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Sunday 9:30 AM – 4:30 PM


Ticket Type Full Price Reduced Price
Single Ticket €4.00 €3.00
Cumulative ticket €6.00 €4.00
Children under 6 years old Free Entry

Note: Tickets reduced for groups over 10 people accompanied by a guide, Children between the age of 6 and 14 years old and students, required to provide a suitable card. 

Free Entry to Disabled with a guide, schools of the Municipality of Lucca and students for study reasons with Authorization. 

Animals are not allowed.


  • Architectural style: Romanesque architecture
  • Province: Province of Lucca
  • 44.5 meter high
  • Recommended Duration: 30 minutes

More Photography’s

Guinigi Tower
Guinigi Tower Photography by flickr user:orkomedix
Guinigi Tower
Guinigi Tower Photography by flickr user:leiris202


Address: Via Sant’Andrea, 55100 Lucca LU, Italy

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Tower of London

tower of london

The Tower of London is one of the most well-known attractions in London, It houses the Crown Jewels and has been a part of numerous significant events in British History, tourists all around the world eager to see and learn more about the tower, Its myths and Legends. through the years the Tower of London became interchangeable as a national symbol of power and royalty. Tower of London is officially named Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London.

The Tower was founded towards the end of 1066, as part of the Norman Conquest of England. Stunning White Tower was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, the castle was used as a prison and royalty living premises. The Tower is a complex of different building that has two concentric rights of defensive walls and a moat.  it situated in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, the area is known as the Tower Hill.

The Brief History of the Tower of London

William the Conqueror and the Normans Invaded England in September 1066 and built a castle out of Timber, known as the Bailey castle, which was built on the same location as the Current Tower of London and In 1078 William the Conqueror replaced the old timber tower with a stone fortified tower, which was called the Great Tower however it was later renamed the White Tower and was constructed in 1097.

The Tower of London was used as a Prison and in 1100, the first recorded state prisoner was imprisoned in the tower of London, and in 1191 the Tower saw its very first siege, when Prince John opposed the powerful Bishop Longchamp and sieged the tower of London and only after three days, the siege came to an end and Bishop Longchamp Surrendered.

In 1210 King John moved into the Tower and between 1216 and 1272 additional defenses were added to the tower of London as King Henry the 3rd took up the crown as the new king, he went on to reinforce the royal castles, which included the Tower of London, number of expansions happened such as the Royal Accommodations in the White Tower and rebuilt the Hall and the Kitchens, In 1236 ten new towers and gateways as well as drawbridges were added to increase further defences however after the death of the KingHenry III , King Edward the first continued to build the castle adding new towers and the Crown Jewels were moved from Westminster Abbey to the Tower.

During the 1400’s England entered the period of civil disorder and political instability which started the Wars of the Roses and In 1483 Richard the 3rd seized the throne and during the battle of Lancastrian rebellion rose against the Yorkist Richard and he fell in battle of Bosworth Field to Henry Tudor in 1485, later Henry VII ended the battle between the Yorkists and Lancastrians by marrying the Yorkist heir, known as Elizabeth of York, later Henry VII built the last permanent royal residential buildings at the Tower of London.

In 1512 King Henry VIII married Katherine of Aragon, in the original chapel of St Peter Ad Vincula was burned down and rebuilt, The roof of the White Tower needed to be strengthened due to the weight of the Cannons, The White Tower’s famous features are the onion-shaped domes on the turrets which were added with weather vanes. In 1533 King Henry divorced his wife Katherine and broke off with the Church in Rome and the tower had expanded its prison for a large number of religious and political prisoners. King Henry VIII executed Sir Thomas Moore and Bishop Fisher of Rochester because they refused to acknowledge him as the head of the English Church. After the death of Henry VIII in 1547, his young son, Edward V takes the throne later his protector, the Duke of Somerset and his confederates met their deaths at the tower and later Edward dies of tuberculosis, leaving the throne to the lady Jane and her heirs male, however after Lady Jane Grey becomes Queen, for only nine days. Bloody Mary takes the throne.

In 1625 Charles the first takes the throne but a civil war broke out between the King and Parliament, In 1643 the Tower of London was seized from the King, and taken by Parliamentarians, throughout the civil war which lasted 7 years the parliament had control of the tower, in that time they built a permanent garrison. Major improvements to the Tower’s defenses were made and batteries of guns were set in place along the walls and the arsenal was expanded.

The Monarchy no longer used the Tower as State apartments so showed little interest in the castle but in 1780 the Tower held its only American prisoner, former President of the Continental Congress, Henry Laurens.

The Royal Menagerie left the Lion Tower in 1834 to become the London Zoo. Lion Tower has mostly demolished however the Lion Gate still remains, however, the Grand Storehouse burned down during the great fire, many of weapons were destroyed. Anthony Salvin, a Victorian architect, was appointed in 1851 to ‘restore’ the Tower to a pseudo-medieval form so it could be opened to the public.

Tower of London
Tower of London Photography by flickr user: Paul

Telephone: 0844 482 7777 | Official Website | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram


How to get there

  • By Car and Parking: Tower Hill is a vehicle free zone and there is no on-site parking facility.
  • By Train: The Closest Train Station is the Tower Hill and the Circle Lines, which are only 5 minutes walk away.
  • By Bicycle: you can find a Bicycle rack near the Perkin Reveller Restaurant on the Wharf.


Opening Hours

Monday 10:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Tuesday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Wednesday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Thursday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Friday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Saturday 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM
Sunday 10:00 AM – 4:30 PM

Note: During the holidays the opening hours may vary, please check the official website.


Ticket Type Price
Adult £21.50
Child £9.70
Concessions £16.40
Under 5 Years old Free Entry
Family 1 One Adult, 3 Children £38.30
Family 2 Two Adults, 3 Children £53.20

Please note that the prices may change after 28th of February 2018.

More Photographs

Tower of London
Photography By Flicker User: kasiabo
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Tower of London
Armour Photography By Flicker User:Doug Kerr
Tower of London
Photography By Flicker User:John Linton
Tower of London
Tower of London Raleigh room Photography By Flicker User: Ken Bergman



Address: St Katharine’s & Wapping, London EC3N 4AB

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Calahorra Tower

Calahorra Tower

Calahorra Tower is a fortified gate inside the ancient center of Córdoba.

The Tower was built in the late 12th century, to protect the close by roman bridge, by Almohad Caliphate, The tower which stands on the left bank of the river, the tower was built for an arched gate between the two towers.

The la Calahorra tower was from built as a fortified gate by the Moors and then restored by King Enrique the 2nd in 1369 to defend the city against his brother, Pedro the first who was know as the cruel.

The building was restored in 1369 by king Henry II of Castile. A third tower was added to the existing ones, in the shape of two cylinder connecting them.

It has a Latin move plan with 3 hands formed through the towers joined via quarter cylinders and completed off with crenelations. It incorporates of 8 rooms and houses the 3 cultures museum.

In 1931, the Calahorra Tower was declared as the countries ancient monument.

It currently hosts the residing Museum of al-Andalus, which celebrates the duration whilst the Christian, Jewish and Muslim cultures lived in non violent coexistence within the metropolis.

The Tower was later restored, along with the Gates of the Bridge, Roman Bridge and the area surrounding the the tower, European Union Prize for Cultural Heritage and the Europa Nostra Award in 2014 was awarded to the city.

The tower itself provides an outstanding panoramic view of the river and areas around it.

[su_box title=”Admissions ” box_color=”#000000″ radius=”0″]

General: €4,50

Reduced: €3


[su_box title=”Opening Hours” box_color=”#000000″ radius=”0″]

Monday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm
Tuesday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm
Wednesday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm
Thursday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm
Friday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm
Saturday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm
Sunday 10am–2pm, 4:30–8:30pm



Address: Puente Romano, s/n, 14009 Córdoba, Spain