Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

The country might be small but it holds a lot of history, fame and culture, don’t be surprised that the British accent changes every 16 miles. People who come over to the United Kingdom can find it hard to learn the quirks and idiosyncrasies and pronunciations, road rules and the drinking culture can be strange but its a lovely nation with lots of history to explore.

The United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is also the site of Neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge and birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles.

Entry Requirements

Your passport or identity card will be checked when you arrive at a UK port or airport to make sure you’re allowed to come into the country. It must be valid for the whole of your stay. More Information can be found at the UK Government website.

Passport Required Return Ticket Required Visa Required
The United States of America Yes No No
Canada Yes No No
British No No No
EU Yes No No
Other Countries Yes Yes Yes

Check if you need VISA to enter the United Kingdom

Safety and Security

Visiting the United Kingdom is fairly safe and really nothing to worry about. The United Kingdom benefits from low crime rates and very effective emergency services.

Visiting any public spaces, you will find a lot of CCTV cameras overlooking the public and if any crime did happen, you could easily report it to the police with no hassle and health care is free so no need to worry about injuring yourself.

Just use your common sense when visiting any country and respect the cultural and keep your belonging to yourself.

Best Time to visit the United Kingdom

London is most heavily touristed in the late spring and summer months when the weather is warm and kids are off school and during the December rush of shopping and seasonal activities. London can be visited at any time of year, as it has a mild climate and extreme weather is rare.

Northern Ireland has relatively warm temperatures, but wet and windy conditions. In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°- 18°C. Temperatures are highest between June and August and pleasant in April and September.

England boasts the warmest temperatures in the United Kingdom with July and August being the hottest months. summers rarely get very hot and the winters don’t get very cold, expect the weather to be between 11°-20° degrees on average.

Wales weather is similar to Northern Ireland, In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°C-17°C and 2°C-6°C during winter.

Scotland weather during June and August in the south of Scotland average between 11°-19°C and in the winter it’s between 1°C-7°C.

Language

The United Kingdom has a number of languages, English is woken everywhere as the main language, however, some parts of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland Speak their own language: Welsh, Scottish and Irish. But don’t worry about learning the languages, English is spoken everywhere.

There are 11 indigenous languages spoken across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, and 3 Romance. Over 300 languages are currently spoken in London.

Travelling around the country

Travelling around the United Kingdom is fairly simple, just rent a car and you can go just about anywhere using the motorway to visit different cities and towns, London and Birmingham are only 2 and a half hours away, driving from the second city Birmingham to Scottish Capital Edinburgh will take you around 5 hours.

Britain’s National Rail network is one of the largest in the world and over 2,500 passenger railway stations on the National Rail Network not including the London underground, you can travel just about in the United Kingdom using the rail system. The Map below shows how far you can travel using the rail network.

Britain's National Rail network
Britain’s National Rail network ©Official National Rail Maps

Money

The currency in the United Kingdom is the Pound sterling (£) which can be withdrawn from all ATMs. The United Kingdom is a safe place when it comes to fraud, so don’t worry about using ATM’s that are not installed inside a bank, however, we would still highly recommend using the ATMs at banks.

Scotland and Nothern Ireland Have their own currency “Scottish Pound” and ” Northern Ireland Pound” you can spend Scottish & Irish money anywhere in the UK as it is a legal tender denominated and backed by sterling, the currency of bank of England.

Places to avoid

Lewisham in South-East London has the highest murder rate in the country, so I would highly recommend not going there at night.

West Yorkshire is the most dangerous place to live in England and Wales.

 

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Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom
Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

Reims Cathedral of Notre-Dame

Reims Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Reims

Reims Cathedral known as the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Reims is situated on the Vesle River east-northeast of Paris, built between 1211 and 1516 under the auspices of Archbishop Aubry de Humbert and designer Jean d’Orbais. The Cathedral was built to replace the old church which was destroyed by fire in 1210.

The Cathedral is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and one of the most important buildings in the country’s history, its the location where the kings of France were crowned, between 1027 and 1825. Reims Cathedral is owned by the state, the state directs the renovation and daily maintenance when its necessary.

During World War II the Germans bombed the Cathedral to demoralise the French Population by destroying symbolic buildings and monuments. Reims Cathedral was targeted by over 28 artillery shells. After the war ended, reconstruction started in 1919, a number of improvements were made to the previous design and structure, the oak-wood roof was replaced by non-flammable materials.

In 2011, Reims Cathedral celebrated its 800th anniversary. The celebrations ran from 6 May to 23 October. Six new stained glass windows designed by Imi Knoebel, a German artist, were inaugurated on June 25, 2011.

Reims Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Reims is one of the first monuments registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Reims Cathedral Interior
Reims Cathedral Interior

Kings crowned at Reims Cathedral

Name Year by Archbishop
Henry I 1027 Ebles I of Roucy
Philip I 1059 Gervais de Château-du-Loir
Philip of France 1129 Renaud de Martigné
Louis VII 1131 Pope Innocent II
Philip II 1179 William of the White Hands
Louis VIII 1223 William of Joinville
Louis IX 1226 Jacques de Bazoches
Philip III 1271 Milon de Bazoches
Philip IV 1286 Pierre Barbet
Louis X 1315 Robert de Courtenay-Champignelles
Philip V 1317 Robert de Courtenay-Champignelles
Charles IV 1322 Robert de Courtenay-Champignelles
Philip VI 1328 Guillaume de Trie
John II 1350 Jean de Vienne
Charles V 1364 Jean III de Craon
Charles VI 1380 Richard Picque
Charles VII 1429 Regnault de Chartres
Louis XI 1461 Jean Juvénal des Ursins
Charles VIII 1484 Pierre de Laval
Louis XII 1498 Guillaume Briçonnet
Francis I 1515 Robert de Lenoncourt
Henry II 1547 Charles of Lorraine
Francis II 1559 Charles of Lorraine
Charles IX 1561 Charles of Lorraine
Henry III 1575 Louis I of Guise
Louis XIII 1610 François de Joyeuse
Louis XIV 1654 Simon Legras
Louis XV 1722 Armand Jules de Rohan-Guéméné
Louis XVI 1775 Charles Antoine de La Roche-Aymon
Charles X 1825 Jean-Baptiste de Latil
Reims Cathedral ceiling
Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral Contact Information

Telephone: | Official Website |

How To Get There

Gare de Reims Train Station is located only 10 minutes away from the Cathedral.

From Paris to Reims Cathedral by car, take the A4, Follow A4 to Boulevard Louis Roederer in Reims. Take exit 23-Reims-Centre from A344, Continue on Boulevard Louis Roederer. Take Boulevard Joffre to Rue de la Grosse Écritoire.

Leaving from Gare de l’Est in Paris, the TGV will take you to Reims in 45 minutes.

Opening Hours

Monday 07:30 AM – 19:30 PM
Tuesday 07:30 AM – 19:30 PM
Wednesday 07:30 AM – 19:30 PM
Thursday 07:30 AM – 19:30 PM
Friday 07:30 AM – 19:30 PM
Saturday 07:30 AM – 19:30 PM
Sunday 07:30 AM – 19:15 PM

Access is no longer allowed a quarter of an hour before closing.

Admission

Free Entry.

Information

  • Construction started in 1211.
  • Completed in 1275.
  • Height: 81 m.
  • Architectural styles: Gothic architecture, French Gothic architecture.
  • Architects: Jean d’Orbais, Jean-le-Loup, Gaucher of Reims & Bernard de Soissons.
  • Architectural type: Church.
  • Style: French Gothic.

Nearby Things To Do

Palais du Tau is right next to the Reims Cathedral, It’s the Former bishops’ residence, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, housing statues from the cathedral. Museum of Fine Arts, an 18th-century setting for paintings & furniture, including works by Cranach, Corot & toiles peintes, is located only 2 minutes from the cathedral. Place Royale is a Landmark city square surrounded by quaint buildings, with a monument to Louis XV in the centre.

WHERE TO STAY IN REIMS

Nearby places to stay as cheap as possible budget under £100/$100/€100:

  • Holiday Inn Reims Centre Located just 400 yards from Reims Convention Centre, Holiday Inn Reims Centre is ideally located in the historic centre of Reims, and it features the only panoramic restaurant in Reims and a bar. check price.
  • La Demeure des Sacres Located in the centre of Reims, La Demeure des Sacres is set in a 20th-Century property and offers boutique-style accommodation with a large garden. The Reims Cathedral is just 350 yards from the B&B and Reims Convention Centre is a 10-minute walk away. check price.
  • Logis Hôtel Au Tambour Located 1,000 yards from Reims city centre, this Logis Hotel is just a 15-minute walk from the town centre, train station and Reims Champagne Congrès. It offers a heated outdoor swimming pool and private parking in garages. Check Price.

Nearby places to stay at a budget price over £100:

  • Grand Hôtel Des Templiers located in Reims, just a 15-minute walk to the city centre and an 8-minute drive from Reims Convention Centre. It features an indoor swimming pool and a sauna. Check Price.
  • Les Suites Champenoises is set in Tinqueux in the Champagne – Ardenne Region, 2.7 miles from Reims city centre. Offering 2 sun terraces and a hot tub. Check Price

Visiting Reims? We have other posts that you may enjoy that will be helpful on your trip.

LOCATION

Address: Place du Cardinal Luçon, 51100 Reims, France | Coordinates: 49°15′13″N 4°2′3″E

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Reims Cathedral
Reims Cathedral

Republic of Italy Timeline

Republic of Italy Timeline

Italy is a sovereign state in Europe, situated in the heart of the mediterranean sea. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2. Shares open land borders with France, Austria, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and Slovenia.

Italy was certainly influenced by many powerful cultures and political forces over time, including the Byzantines, Etruscans and Greeks, but it was the world-changing impact of both the Roman civilization and the Italian Renaissance that contributed most-significantly to its status in the modern world.

Italy has the third largest nominal GDP in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world.  As an advanced economy, the country has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth and it is ranked third for its central bank gold reserve. Italy has a very high level of human development and it stands among the top countries for life expectancy.

Republic of Italy Timeline

1861
The Kingdom of Italy established excluding Rome, Venice, San Marino; King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia became King of Italy
1866
Italy obtained Venice from Austria
1870
Italian forces occupied Rome
1871
Rome named the capital of Italy
1915
Italy joined World War I on side of Allies
1918
Allies won World War I
1919
Gains Trentino, South Tyrol, and Trieste under peace treaties.
1922
Fascists took control of Rome; Benito Mussolini named Prime Minister
1925
benito mussolini Italian dictatorMussolini became Dictator of Italy
1929
Lateran Treaty creates the state of Vatican City.
1935
Italy invades Ethiopia.
1936
Mussolini formed anti-Communist Axis with Germany
1939
Albania annexed.
1940
Italy entered World War II as an ally of Germany
1941
Italy declares war on USSR.
1943
Italy surrendered to Allied forces; Mussolini forced to resign; Italy declared war on Germany
1944
Allied Armies liberated Rome
1945
Mussolini, who had been rescued from prison by Germans, is captured and executed by Italian partisans.
1946
Italians voted to end monarchy and established a republic
1947
Italy cedes land and territories under the peace treaty.
1951
Italy joins European Coal and Steel Community.
1952
Italy became a founding member of the European Economic Community
1955
Italy joined United Nations
1957
Founder member of European Economic Community.
1960
Olympic Games held in Rome

Olympic Games held in Rome

1966
Flood waters from Arno River in Florence damaged many works of art
1982
Italian Football team won World Cup in Spain
1984
Roman Catholicism lost status as the state religion of Italy
1986
338 Mafia members convicted of criminal activities
1990
World Cup held in Italy
1998
Italy joined the  European Union
1999
Italy adopted Euro as its currency
2002
Euro replaces the lira

Euro replaces the lira

2003
Multi-billion euros fraud at Parmalat food-manufacturing company exposed
2009
Earthquake in Abruzzo region killed over 300
2011
Italian women held nationwide anti-Berlusconi demonstrations
2014
The government takes full control of the troubled ILVA steel plant, based in Taranto in southern Italy.
2017
Veneto and Lombardy, two wealthy northern regions, vote overwhelmingly in favour of greater autonomy in non-binding referendums.
2018
Elections produce a hung parliament and ongoing efforts to form a government.

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Republic of Italy Timeline
Republic of Italy Timeline