Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

The country might be small but it holds a lot of history, fame and culture, don’t be surprised that the British accent changes every 16 miles. People who come over to the United Kingdom can find it hard to learn the quirks and idiosyncrasies and pronunciations, road rules and the drinking culture can be strange but its a lovely nation with lots of history to explore.

The United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is also the site of Neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge and birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles.

Entry Requirements

Your passport or identity card will be checked when you arrive at a UK port or airport to make sure you’re allowed to come into the country. It must be valid for the whole of your stay. More Information can be found at the UK Government website.

Passport Required Return Ticket Required Visa Required
The United States of America Yes No No
Canada Yes No No
British No No No
EU Yes No No
Other Countries Yes Yes Yes

Check if you need VISA to enter the United Kingdom

Safety and Security

Visiting the United Kingdom is fairly safe and really nothing to worry about. The United Kingdom benefits from low crime rates and very effective emergency services.

Visiting any public spaces, you will find a lot of CCTV cameras overlooking the public and if any crime did happen, you could easily report it to the police with no hassle and health care is free so no need to worry about injuring yourself.

Just use your common sense when visiting any country and respect the cultural and keep your belonging to yourself.

Best Time to visit the United Kingdom

London is most heavily touristed in the late spring and summer months when the weather is warm and kids are off school and during the December rush of shopping and seasonal activities. London can be visited at any time of year, as it has a mild climate and extreme weather is rare.

Northern Ireland has relatively warm temperatures, but wet and windy conditions. In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°- 18°C. Temperatures are highest between June and August and pleasant in April and September.

England boasts the warmest temperatures in the United Kingdom with July and August being the hottest months. summers rarely get very hot and the winters don’t get very cold, expect the weather to be between 11°-20° degrees on average.

Wales weather is similar to Northern Ireland, In the summer months expect the weather to be between 10°C-17°C and 2°C-6°C during winter.

Scotland weather during June and August in the south of Scotland average between 11°-19°C and in the winter it’s between 1°C-7°C.


The United Kingdom has a number of languages, English is woken everywhere as the main language, however, some parts of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland Speak their own language: Welsh, Scottish and Irish. But don’t worry about learning the languages, English is spoken everywhere.

There are 11 indigenous languages spoken across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, and 3 Romance. Over 300 languages are currently spoken in London.

Travelling around the country

Travelling around the United Kingdom is fairly simple, just rent a car and you can go just about anywhere using the motorway to visit different cities and towns, London and Birmingham are only 2 and a half hours away, driving from the second city Birmingham to Scottish Capital Edinburgh will take you around 5 hours.

Britain’s National Rail network is one of the largest in the world and over 2,500 passenger railway stations on the National Rail Network not including the London underground, you can travel just about in the United Kingdom using the rail system. The Map below shows how far you can travel using the rail network.

Britain's National Rail network
Britain’s National Rail network ©Official National Rail Maps


The currency in the United Kingdom is the Pound sterling (£) which can be withdrawn from all ATMs. The United Kingdom is a safe place when it comes to fraud, so don’t worry about using ATM’s that are not installed inside a bank, however, we would still highly recommend using the ATMs at banks.

Scotland and Nothern Ireland Have their own currency “Scottish Pound” and ” Northern Ireland Pound” you can spend Scottish & Irish money anywhere in the UK as it is a legal tender denominated and backed by sterling, the currency of bank of England.

Places to avoid

Lewisham in South-East London has the highest murder rate in the country, so I would highly recommend not going there at night.

West Yorkshire is the most dangerous place to live in England and Wales.



Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom
Everything You Need to Know Before Travelling to United Kingdom

Cities in the United Kingdom

London Bridge

Cities in the United Kingdom

City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the British monarch to some communities.  Becoming a city is not automatic, but many people think that any town that has a cathedral is a city. This is because Henry VIII built cathedrals in six English towns and also granted made them cities by letters patent. A city council does not have any more powers than a borough or district council. – Definition Source: Wikipedia

Please note that not all cities have no dates in the City Status, this is because the status predates any known historical records.

City  Year city status granted
English Cities
Bath 1590
Birmingham 1889
Bradford 1897
Brighton & Hove 2000
Bristol 1542
Cambridge 1951
Carlisle TI
Chelmsford 2012
Chester 1541
Chichester TI
Coventry 1345
Derby 1977
Durham TI
Ely TI
Exeter TI
Gloucester 1541
Hereford 1189
Kingston upon Hull 1897
Lancaster 1937
Leeds 1893
Leicester 1919
Lichfield 1553
Lincoln TI
Liverpool 1880
City of London TI
Manchester 1853
Newcastle upon Tyne 1882
Norwich 1195
Nottingham 1897
Oxford 1542
Peterborough 1541
Plymouth 1928
Portsmouth 1926
Preston 2002
Ripon 1836
Salford 1926
Salisbury TI
Sheffield 1893
Southampton 1964
St Albans 1877
Stoke-on-Trent 1925
Sunderland 1992
Truro 1877
Wakefield 1888
Wells 1205
Westminster 1540
Winchester TI
Wolverhampton 2000
Worcester 1189
York TI
Scottish cities
City City Status
Aberdeen 1891 (royal burgh: 1179)
Dundee 1889 (royal burgh: 1191)
Edinburgh 1889
Glasgow 1492 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
Inverness 2000
Perth 2012
Stirling 2002
Welsh cities
City City Status
Bangor TI
Cardiff 1905
Newport 2002
St Asaph 2012
St David’s 1994
Swansea 1969
Northern Irish cities
City City Status
Armagh 1994
Belfast 1888
Londonderry 1613
Lisburn 2002
Newry 2002

Cardiff Castle

Cardiff Castle

Cardiff Castle is a medieval and Victorian Gothic Castle which was built on the remains of Roman and Norman ruins, positioned within the city center of Cardiff.

Roman castle
The Romans build a castle here due to its strategic location, which gave them easy access to the ocean.

Norman Keep & Maintain
Normans conquered the castle and then build a fortress keep, the first keep on the motte was build by Robert Fitzhamon, who was the Norman lord of Gloucester, the fortress keep was built out of wood, over the years fortifications and dwellings happened to improve the castle.

Bute Family
Over the years number of nobles has owned the castle however not until the castle was handed over to the Bute Own family, the fortress and the Bute fortune was passed down to his son John, by the 1860’s became the reputed richest guy in the world.

William Burges
From 1866 the 3rd Marquess hired the genius architect William Burges to convert the castle lodgings. within Gothic towers he created lavish and opulent interiors, wealthy with murals, stained glass, marble, gilding and problematic timber carvings. each room has its very own special subject matter, which includes Mediterranean gardens and Italian and Arabian decoration. The third Marquess died when he became most effective fifty three in 1900.

City of Cardiff
Following the death of the 4th Marquess of Bute, the family decided to present the castle and much of its parkland to the metropolis of Cardiff. For 25 years, the fort become domestic to the countrywide college of song and Drama and considering that 1974 has emerge as one in every of Wales’ most famous vacationer points of interest.

Galloping knights

You can find traditional events that run though out the year, such as Jousting, takes place in the castle grounds on the third weekend of June, the castle becomes a medieval battle re-enactment, storytelling and even twice a day jousting competitions.

The Grand Medieval Melee happens in the mid August, swords, spears and maces skills are shown, with knights battles to see who is the best knight.

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Monday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Tuesday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Wednesday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Thursday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Friday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Saturday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm
Sunday 9:00 am – 4:00 pm



Address: Castle St, Cardiff CF10 3RB

St Fagans National Museum of History

St Fagans National Museum of History

St Fagans National Museum is known to be one of Europe’s main open air museums and the most famous Welsh open air museum and the most popular.

Located within the beautiful St Fagans castle, it offers traditional crafts, a walk around the Celtic Welsh times to the current era and native livestock and exhibitions.

over the past fifty years over 40 re-erected buildings from diverse places in Wales, buildings such as houses, a farm, a school and a chapel, along with 100 acre of park land and extremely good Workmen’s Institute.

List of some structures


Name Build Date Re-erected Original Site
Blaenwaun Post Office 1936 1992 Blaenwaun, near Whitland
Tudor Trader House 16th century 2012 Haverfordwest
Hendre’r Ywydd Uchaf farmhouse 1508 1962 Llangynhafal, near Llandyrnog
Y Garreg Fawr farmhouse 1544 1984 Waunfawr
St Fagans Castle 1580 n/a St Fagans
Dovecote 18th century n/a St Fagans
Hawk and Buckle Inn cockpit 17th century 1970 Denbigh


There are number of workshops to demonstrate traditional skills, native breeds of farm animals can be seen within the fields and farmyards, and demonstrations of farming obligations take place daily. visitors benefit an perception into the wealthy history and way of life of Wales, and the Welsh language can be heard in each day use among craftsmen and interpreters.

You can find a galleries with exhibitions of dress, where you can enjoy the everyday lifestyles and farming implements however they also hold special exhibitions regularly.

Stunning garden display that surround the castle, just shows how beautiful this castle is, you can find an Italian garden which was laid out in 1902 however later restored in 2003, and a thyme garden.

The Museum was first commenced in 1946 following the donation of the castle and it’s land through the Earl of Plymouth, only after two years the Museum opened its doors to the public in 1948, named ‘Welsh Folk Museum’ then the English title modified the name to ‘Museum of Welsh Life’ and thereafter the name changed to what we call it now ‘St Fagans National History Museum’.


Contact Detail:  Telephone: +44 300 111 2333

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Monday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm
Tuesday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm
Wednesday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm
Thursday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm
Friday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm
Saturday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm
Sunday 10:00 am – 5:00 pm



Address: St Fagans, Cardiff CF5 6XB

Coordinates: 51.4869°N 3.2725°W

Cardiff Bay

Cardiff Bay

Cardiff Bay is a diverse waterfront built around a 200 hectare freshwater lake known as ‘the Bay’.

The Cardiff docks were the hub of the worlds coal industry, transporting millions of tonnes of coal across the world however due to the decline of the coal industry, the Cardiff bay was left to suffer, it eventually became full and very boring place.

However the old Cardiff docklands have been redeveloped in the last decade to create Cardiff Bay.

The Bay offers a great mix of Cardiff attractions, entertainment and events, coupled with vibrant bars and shops that create a truly unique atmosphere.

The creation of Cardiff Bay is now widely regarded as one of the most successful regeneration projects in the United Kingdom.

The Bay’s water is supplied by two rivers the Taff and the Ely, which forms a 500 acre of freshwater lake.

Things you can do in Cardiff Bay

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Cardiff Bay


Wales Millennium Centre

Wales Millennium Centre

Wales Millennium Centre is an arts centre located in the Cardiff Bay, The building had it’s first area opened in 2004, however the second section was opened in January 2009, with an inaugural live performance.

Wales Millennium Centre has already installed its recognition as one of the international`s iconic arts and cultural destinations.

The centre has hosted performances of Opera, ballet, Dance, Theater comedy and Musicals.

The Centre has one big theater and smaller halls, with shops, bars and restaurants.

It houses the countrywide orchestra and opera, dance, theater and literature businesses, a complete of 8 arts organisations in house. it’s also domestic to the Cardiff Bay traveler Centre.

The main Theater is known as the Donald Gordon Theater and has 1,897 seats and the other two our known as the BBC Hoddinott corridor which has 350 seats and the Weston Studio Theater which has 250 seats.

Facts about Wales Millennium Centre

• Wales Millennium Centre was opened by Her Majesty the Queen on November 28, 2004.

• Built at a cost of £106m, its construction was funded by Welsh Assembly Government (£37m) and the National Lottery (£41m) through the Millennium Commission (£31m) and Arts Council of Wales (£10m).

• Annually the Centre receives over 1.5 million visitors making it Wales’ number one visitor attraction.

• Wales Millennium Centre is also home to eight other cultural organisations, including Welsh National Opera, BBC National Orchestra of Wales and Literature Wales, as well as inclusive arts organisation, Hijinx Theatre and the Touch Trust.

Opened: 26 November 2004

Architect: Jonathan Adams

Official website: https://wmc.org.uk


Address: Bute Pl, Cardiff Bay CF10 5AL

17 Facts You Might Not Know About Cardiff

20 Facts You Might Not Know About Cardiff

17 Facts You Might Not Know About Cardiff

1. The oldest record shop in the world, opened in 1894, is Spillers Records in Cardiff.

2. Cardiff is home to the world’s oldest record store, which opened in 1894, Spillers.

3. One of the most infamous pirates, Henry Morgan, was born in Llanrumney in Cardiff in 1635, you might know this pirate as Captain Morgan.

4. Cardiff is one of the flattest cities in Britain.

5. Llandaff Cathedral dates back to 1107, which makes it one of the oldest Christian Sites in Britain.

6. BBC Cardiff is home to Doctor Who since 2005.

7. The first ever British news film was filmed in Cardiff in 1896

8. 10% of the population in Cardiff speaks Welsh as well as English

9. Cardiff was the first Fair Trade capital in the world.

10. The Romans settled in Cardiff in 55AD

11. During World War II, Cardiff Castle was used as an air raid shelter.

12. Millennium Stadium has one of the largest sliding roofs in the world and is the second-largest stadium in the world with a fully retractable roof

13. Cardiff has on average more hours of sunlight than Milan.

14. Cardiff won the title of European City of Sport twice 2014 and 2009

15. Cardiff became the capital of Wales in 1955. It’s Europe’s smallest and one of its newest capital cities.

16. There are secret underground tunnels spanning the city centre

17. The largest waterfront redevelopment project in Europe cost £102 million, the Cardiff Bay.


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