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Countries in European Union

The European Union was first considered on the 9th of May 1950 however the first agreement was established in 1957, between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

Throughout the years as the European Union started to expand and many other countries joined, such as Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom, who joined in 1973. currently, the European Union has 28 members.

European Union is not just a single market but also a single market with no borders for trade and the Euro (€) Currency, which is used by 19 member states of the EuroZone.

The Schengen Agreement was first signed in 1985, which allows the free movement of citizens, without passport controls at borders within the Schengen Area. 21 countries within the EU are part of this Agreement.

The newest country to join the European Union is Croatia, which joined on 1 July 2013. The most recent territorial enlargement of the EU was the incorporation of Mayotte in 2014.

Europe Day is celebrated on the 9th of May, every year.

In 2020, United Kingdom left the European Union

“After the December 2019 election, the British Parliament finally ratified the withdrawal agreement. The UK left the EU at the end of 31 January 2020 CET (11 p.m. GMT).”

Country Year of entry Schengen Agreement Eurozone member Using Euro (€) Currency
Austria 01/01/1995 Yes Yes Yes
Belgium 01/01/1958 Yes Yes Yes
Bulgaria 01/01/2007 No No No
Croatia 01/07/2013 No No No
Cyprus 01/05/2004 No Yes Yes
Czech Republic 01/05/2004 Yes No No
Denmark 01/01/1973 Yes No No
Estonia 01/05/2004 Yes Yes Yes
Finland 01/01/1995 Yes Yes Yes
France 01/01/1958 Yes Yes Yes
Germany 01/01/1958 Yes Yes Yes
Greece 01/01/1981 Yes Yes Yes
Hungary 01/05/2004 Yes No No
Ireland 01/01/1973 No Yes Yes
Italy 01/01/1958 Yes Yes Yes
Latvia 01/05/2004 Yes Yes Yes
Lithuania 01/05/2004 Yes Yes Yes
Luxembourg 01/01/1958 Yes Yes Yes
Malta 01/05/2004 Yes Yes Yes
Netherlands 01/01/1958 Yes Yes Yes
Poland 01/05/2004 Yes No No
Portugal 01/01/1986 Yes Yes Yes
Romania 01/01/2007 No No No
Slovakia 01/05/2004 Yes Yes Yes
Slovenia 01/05/2004 Yes Yes Yes
Spain 01/01/1986 Yes Yes Yes
Sweden 01/01/1995 Yes No No
United Kingdom 01/01/1973 No No No


  • Albania
  • Montenegro
  • Serbia
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Turkey

Potential candidate

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Kosovo


Eligible to Join the EU

  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Georgia
  • Iceland
  • Liechtenstein
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • Vatican City